Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Background shorthand notation

From: CSS: Core Concepts

Video: Background shorthand notation

Backgrounds probably have as many individual properties as anything else in CSS. You can set color, images, positioning, attachment, repeat, and a host of other properties all as separate values. As you can imagine that's not very efficient. It makes writing them a bit of a chore. Well, thankfully we have shorthand notation for background properties that makes all of that a little bit easier, we just have to know the rules behind it. And to do that we're going to open up the background-shorthand.htm which is found in the 05_12 folder.

Background shorthand notation

Backgrounds probably have as many individual properties as anything else in CSS. You can set color, images, positioning, attachment, repeat, and a host of other properties all as separate values. As you can imagine that's not very efficient. It makes writing them a bit of a chore. Well, thankfully we have shorthand notation for background properties that makes all of that a little bit easier, we just have to know the rules behind it. And to do that we're going to open up the background-shorthand.htm which is found in the 05_12 folder.

Very similar to what we had in our last exercise here, three div tags, one is banner1, one is banner2, and then we have a new one banner3 which just says Thank you and that is definitely the sentiment that I want to send out to all of you folks. Thank you for watching this title. And I've got some CSS up here just basically describing the backgrounds for banners 1 and 2, and we're going to do 1 for 3. The first thing I want to do is I want to combine a lot of the different things that we can do with background notation. So I'm going to go up to our div tag up here, and I'm going to remove this background color that we've got, save that, and then I want to start working with the shorthand notation for each of these guys.

Now the first thing I am going to do is I'm going to get rid of the background-image and just have background so this is the background shorthand notation. So no dash just the word background. When we do this we can pass in whatever properties we want for it so that color that I was working with I can type in (#666) for that if I wanted, and then I can pass in the URL. So you can mix colors and images together. There's nothing wrong with that. The only thing is you don't use commas to separate these properties, you just use a whitespace. After the URL I can type in (no-repeat left top;) Go ahead and delete background position and background repeat.

Save that and I'm left with one very efficient and very easy to write background shorthand notation. Now if I save this and test it, it would look exactly the same. So I'm going to go ahead and do that. But there is something that I need to be aware of. You will notice it looks like the text went away here. It didn't go away, I just took off the color. The position of the color in terms of where you place it in the syntax doesn't really matter if you're just using a single background image. But if you're using multiple background images it really does matter. The common practice over the years has evolved into placing the color first and then the image second.

That's actually backwards in terms of the way they're positioned because images are always positioned on top of colors for the most part. It's interesting, because here there's almost something that we need to unlearn if we are going to do multiple backgrounds, and let me show you what I mean. So I'm going to go down to the banner here which is using multiple backgrounds and I'm going to go ahead and get rid of that background-image, and I'm just going to leave the URL here. I'm still going to use a comma separated list, but I'm going to come in and after this one I'm going to say (no-repeat, 0 25px) So I'm essentially getting rid of this and I'm using that.

Then I have a (,) and I can pass the second background into it. In this case the small philly background. Again, here I need to tell it (no-repeat left top;) Now what would happen if I leave off no-repeat? Well, it would apply the default which is repeat. So I'm going to get rid both of those. Now what if I want to apply a color with this as well? Common background shorthand notation says that I should just put it right here #666. But if I save that and preview this, nothing.

So that is not a good thing. So I'm going to go ahead and get a rid of that color and where you're going to place the color is right here at the end and just like any other background in terms of using mobile backgrounds you need a comma. So I'm going to type in (,#666) save that, test it. Now everything's displaying the way that it's supposed to. So if you're going to use a color to combine colors with multiple backgrounds, remember that whenever you're multiple backgrounds they layer one on top of each other, and the first background is at the very top of the stacking order, the last one is at the very bottom.

In those terms color must be placed last. So keep that in mind. Now both of these feature relatively robust background property syntax. Sometimes you just need to do something a lot more simple. So if I go down to banner3 I can come right down here and just type in (background:), and then I can do the color. So (#600). So you don't have to say background color. You don't have to say background image. I could just say background and then give it a URL here if I'd like. So you can use this shorthand notation no matter how many properties you're passing along.

It can be a single property, or it can be multiple. So if I save this, preview this in my browser again, now there's our Thank you. So the background shorthand notation it can make your life a lot easier for you when writing your styles, because it's going to save you a tremendous amount of time. Now keep in mind that any properties you leave out, like the no-repeat for example, those are going to be set at their default values. So you should really think about this. For the most part that's rarely if ever going to cause you any type of problem but it is a good thing to keep in mind as you're working with your styles.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for CSS: Core Concepts
CSS: Core Concepts

81 video lessons · 40931 viewers

James Williamson
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 4m 57s
    1. Welcome
      55s
    2. Using the exercise files
      4m 2s
  2. 1h 7m
    1. Exploring default styling
      4m 56s
    2. CSS authoring tools
      2m 29s
    3. CSS syntax
      4m 45s
    4. Writing a selector
      4m 10s
    5. Setting properties
      8m 40s
    6. Common units of measurement
      7m 47s
    7. Inline styles
      5m 1s
    8. Embedded styles
      5m 19s
    9. Using external style sheets
      10m 34s
    10. Checking for browser support
      8m 48s
    11. Dealing with browser inconsistencies
      5m 30s
  3. 2h 15m
    1. Structuring HTML correctly
      2m 51s
    2. Element selectors
      4m 52s
    3. Class selectors
      6m 4s
    4. ID selectors
      3m 27s
    5. Using classes and IDs
      10m 7s
    6. Element-specific selectors
      4m 35s
    7. The universal selector
      5m 42s
    8. Grouping selectors
      4m 49s
    9. Descendent selectors
      7m 32s
    10. Child selectors
      5m 7s
    11. Adjacent selectors
      5m 30s
    12. Attribute selectors
      12m 43s
    13. Pseudo-class selectors
      3m 54s
    14. Dynamic pseudo-class selectors
      8m 29s
    15. Structural pseudo-class selectors
      6m 45s
    16. Nth-child selectors
      13m 10s
    17. Pseudo-element selectors
      12m 40s
    18. Targeting page content: Lab
      8m 56s
    19. Targeting page content: Solution
      7m 59s
  4. 42m 39s
    1. What happens when styles conflict?
      4m 0s
    2. Understanding the cascade
      5m 47s
    3. Using inheritance
      6m 11s
    4. Selector specificity
      6m 55s
    5. The !important declaration
      4m 5s
    6. Reducing conflicts through planning
      3m 33s
    7. Resolving conflicts: Lab
      6m 45s
    8. Resolving conflicts: Solution
      5m 23s
  5. 1h 47m
    1. Setting a font family
      7m 10s
    2. Using @font-face
      9m 18s
    3. Setting font size
      7m 35s
    4. Font style and font weight
      6m 52s
    5. Transforming text
      3m 58s
    6. Using text variants
      2m 49s
    7. Text decoration options
      4m 26s
    8. Setting text color
      3m 2s
    9. Writing font shorthand notation
      8m 49s
    10. Controlling text alignment
      6m 33s
    11. Letter and word spacing
      9m 11s
    12. Indenting text
      4m 30s
    13. Adjusting paragraph line height
      10m 30s
    14. Controlling the space between elements
      6m 41s
    15. Basic text formatting: Lab
      8m 45s
    16. Basic text formatting: Solution
      7m 14s
  6. 2h 1m
    1. Understanding the box model
      16m 53s
    2. Controlling element spacing
      14m 29s
    3. Controlling interior spacing
      10m 49s
    4. Margin and padding shorthand notation
      6m 27s
    5. Adding borders
      8m 57s
    6. Defining element size
      10m 7s
    7. Creating rounded corners
      6m 58s
    8. Background properties
      2m 51s
    9. Using background images
      5m 10s
    10. Controlling image positioning
      10m 25s
    11. Using multiple backgrounds
      7m 5s
    12. Background shorthand notation
      5m 25s
    13. Styling container elements: Lab
      7m 55s
    14. Styling container elements: Solution
      8m 17s
  7. 47m 51s
    1. Color keyword definitions
      5m 4s
    2. Understanding hexadecimal notation
      6m 5s
    3. Using RGB values
      4m 58s
    4. Using HSL values
      5m 17s
    5. Working with opacity
      2m 23s
    6. Using RGBa and HSLa
      3m 8s
    7. Styling drop shadows
      5m 38s
    8. CSS gradients
      6m 32s
    9. Working with color: Lab
      4m 26s
    10. Working with color: Solution
      4m 20s
  8. 1m 58s
    1. Additional resources
      1m 58s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Join now "Already a member? Log in

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed CSS: Core Concepts.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.