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Join Justin Seeley as he introduces gradients, a somewhat hidden strength of CSS that allows you to add depth and texture to your web designs while reducing load times—creating a better viewing experience for your visitors versus static images. Discover how to create simple linear and radial gradients; apply them to backgrounds, buttons, and text; and write browser-specific syntax to ensure your designs look the same across multiple platforms. The course also shows how to create metallic textures, diagonal gradients, and repeatable patterns. Along the way, Justin demonstrates real-world uses for gradients and techniques to extend them beyond the basics.
Up until now we've been dealing with very basic gradients wherein we just had one color fading into another like red fading into yellow, like you see here on the screen. And so what we're going to do now is explore how we can start adding more colors to this, to get a little bit more control over how the gradient appears. If I jump over into my web browser and take a look at what the index page looks like right now, you can see it's just a standard gradient that fades from red to yellow going from top to bottom. So what I want to do now is add some colors to this to make it almost look like a rainbow.
I know this is going to be a horrific choice in terms of colors and harmonies and all that kind of stuff, but it's going to be a great example when it shows you how one color fades into another, and so forth. So in this case what I'm going to do is I'm going to change up at the very end here, so it's going to go from red to yellow, and then I'm just going to add a comma, I'm going to make that go into green and then I'm going to make that go into blue. So once I do that I can make that go all the way down to the rest of them as well just by typing out, and each color is separated by a comma. That's no matter if you're just typing that color names, or if you're typing out hex code values, you always want to make sure that each color stop is separated by a comma.
And so once you get all that done, just save it. I'll go over into my web browser and refresh, and there is my little rainbow pattern. Now the problem with this is the fact that the gradient is pretty much self-controlled at this point. It's just saying okay, I have X amount of space that I'm working with here and I have to fade this color into this color, into this color, into this color. So I'm just going to proportionately fade all of them across this 500 pixel spectrum that I have. And so just by defining the colors I don't get any finite levels of control over how each color is displayed.
In another movie when we talk about getting creative with gradient stops, I'll show you how you can have a little bit more control over this by defining values of percentages and also pixel values of these colors so that you get exactly the look you want each and every time. But for now I just wanted to show you how easy it is to change colors as you go across this gradient spectrum here, and I can add as many colors as I want. So I could add black to the end of all of these and it would just add black to the very end of that gradient fade.
So let's do that one more time, and remember each one is separated by a comma, and if I go back and refresh, you can see now it fades all the way down until it gets to black. So you could change this as many times as you want, you can add as many colors as you want and get as creative as you think you need to be just by adding commas and then declaring separate color values.
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