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Creating a Responsive Web Design

Adding the background pattern and the page container color


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Creating a Responsive Web Design

with Chris Converse
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  1. 7m 39s
    1. Previewing the final project
      4m 0s
    2. About the exercise files
      1m 15s
    3. Exploring the software you'll need to complete this course
      49s
    4. Beginning your project
      1m 35s
  2. 3m 45s
    1. What to expect with Design view in Dreamweaver
      2m 1s
    2. Accessing code for HTML and CSS in Dreamweaver
      1m 44s
  3. 9m 19s
    1. Planning your layout
      2m 47s
    2. Adding the main HTML containers
      1m 47s
    3. Adding the promo containers
      31s
    4. Adding links and the copyright
      1m 47s
    5. Adding sample content into the HTML containers
      2m 27s
  4. 8m 37s
    1. Creating and slicing multiple-sized banner images
      5m 53s
    2. Exporting content and template artwork
      2m 44s
  5. 7m 27s
    1. Linking CSS files for all screen sizes
      1m 42s
    2. Linking CSS files based on screen size with media queries
      2m 13s
    3. Enabling Internet Explorer 7 and 8 to understand HTML5
      1m 25s
    4. Setting the viewport scale
      2m 7s
  6. 9m 0s
    1. Adding the background pattern and the page container color
      3m 43s
    2. Styling the headings
      2m 17s
    3. Styling the body text and the links
      1m 15s
    4. Styling the footer
      1m 45s
  7. 9m 49s
    1. Understanding compound rules
      2m 58s
    2. Styling the promo links with a CSS sprite
      2m 48s
    3. Styling the promo text
      1m 26s
    4. Adding the promo images with CSS
      2m 37s
  8. 7m 46s
    1. Adding CSS rules for layout
      2m 8s
    2. Styling the header on large screens
      2m 34s
    3. Styling the article on large screens
      3m 4s
  9. 6m 29s
    1. Styling the navigation links
      2m 1s
    2. Styling the navigation for large screens
      1m 16s
    3. Positioning the navigation for large screens
      1m 37s
    4. Clearing the float for the promos
      1m 35s
  10. 2m 47s
    1. Adding CSS rules with inline media queries
      2m 47s
  11. 6m 0s
    1. Styling the header for medium screens
      2m 32s
    2. Styling the navigation for medium screens
      1m 10s
    3. Styling the promos for medium screens
      2m 18s
  12. 12m 7s
    1. Styling the header for small screens
      2m 27s
    2. Styling the navigation for small screens
      1m 12s
    3. Styling the navigation links for small screens
      4m 13s
    4. Styling the promos for small screens
      2m 57s
    5. Styling the footer for small screens
      1m 18s
  13. 13m 12s
    1. Additional exercise files for this chapter
      1m 4s
    2. Creating double-sized graphics for high-definition screens
      4m 45s
    3. Replacing the promo graphics with CSS media queries
      2m 42s
    4. Replacing the logo and banner graphics with CSS media queries
      4m 41s
  14. 57s
    1. Where to go from here
      57s

Video: Adding the background pattern and the page container color

Now the first CSS file we're going to work in is going to be screen_styles.css. So from your text editor, choose File > Open. From the myWebsite folder, let's go into the css folder and open up screen_styles.css. Now, the first rule we're going to target in here is going to be the body tag. So we'll type body, beginning and ending bracket. Split those open. First property, we're going to set color. This is going to be the color of the type.

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Creating a Responsive Web Design
1h 44m Beginner Oct 04, 2012 Updated Dec 12, 2013

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Discover how to make your website more readable and efficient across various screen sizes and devices. Join author Chris Converse as he shares his own specialized techniques for creating a responsive site. The course takes the site from start-to-finish, from comping your ideas in Photoshop, to setting up the HTML page and containers, to styling established elements for small, medium, and large screens. In particular, Chris shows how to load images with CSS, reposition the nav bar for better viewing on mobile devices, and how to make the download time faster for small screens by providing multiple versions of your banner graphic and other images. Plus, learn how to replace graphics with high-resolution versions for Retina displays using CSS media queries.

This course was created and produced by Chris Converse. lynda.com is honored to host this training in our library.

Topics include:
  • Understanding your software needs
  • Planning your layout
  • Adding containers, content, and links
  • Creating and slicing multiple-sized banner images in Photoshop
  • Linking to CSS files with media queries
  • Setting the viewport scale
  • Styling headings, body text, and footers
  • Styling and repositioning navigation links
  • Swapping high-resolution graphics for Retina displays
Subjects:
Design Web User Experience Responsive Design Web Design Projects Web Development
Software:
CSS
Author:
Chris Converse

Adding the background pattern and the page container color

Now the first CSS file we're going to work in is going to be screen_styles.css. So from your text editor, choose File > Open. From the myWebsite folder, let's go into the css folder and open up screen_styles.css. Now, the first rule we're going to target in here is going to be the body tag. So we'll type body, beginning and ending bracket. Split those open. First property, we're going to set color. This is going to be the color of the type.

We're going to set that to #575c7A;. Next line, we're going to set the line-height to 1.5 ems. Next line, we're going to set font-family: set that to Arial; Next line, we're going to set font-size to 14 pixels. Next line, we're going to set the background property.

Now, we're going to use shorthand style here, which is first going to define the background color, then a graphic, then the repeating settings, and then the position settings for the graphic. So we're going to start with background color, which is going to be our sort of blue color. So #515673, then a space. Then we're gonna type url (). We're going to use a background graphic. Now inside of the parenthesis for url, we're going to target the images directory. Now, we're inside of the css directory, so we need ../ to come out to root, then images/background_gradient.jpg.

Outside of the parentheses, we're going to set the repeat settings. We're going to set the repeat-x so it only repeats on the horizontal. Zero pixels for the X position and 0 pixels for the Y position, then a semicolon. Next CSS rule. .page, we're going to target the overall page container. Beginning and ending bracket, split those open. First, we're going to set a maximum-width of 980 pixels.

That way when our browser gets wider than 980, the size will lock down and then we can center the page. Next line, we're going to set margin. We're also going to use shorthand style here. So the first property is top, then right, then bottom, then left. So for the top margin, we're going to set 0 pixels, hit a space. Next, we'll type auto. That's for the right. Zero pixels for the bottom and then auto for the left. Last property, we're going to set position to relative.

That way anything that we position inside of the page area will position itself relative to this object. This is going to give us the ability to position that nav bar. Let's hit a return. And then finally, we're going to set our background color to white, so #fff. Then we'll hit Save. To see what our work looks like so far, let's come back out to the operating system. Let's open this up in a browser. Once you hit Reload, we'll see the page area here defined in white. We'll see the background gradient graphic.

We'll see the background color down here at the bottom. And if we open and close our browser, we'll see that the design locks at 980 and just centers. Now that we have our background and page container styled, next we'll work on styling the headings.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Creating a Responsive Web Design.


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Q: This course was updated on 12/12/2013. What changed
A: There is a brand new chapter, "Supporting High-Definition (Retina) Displays," and new exercise files containing higher resolution graphics.
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