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The first set of standards we're going to dive into. Is the Common Core State Standards for ELA and Literacy. Now, if you're a science teacher. Or a history or social studies teacher. Don't go anywhere. Even though it sounds like this is only for English teachers. That's not true. You have reading and writing components for your particular subject areas underneath the ELA/Literacy content area. We're going to go ahead and take a look at that as you move through these standards. When it comes to the Common Core State Standards for ELA and Literacy, these are actually an extension of the College and Career Readiness Standards that were developed in 2009.
These standards build upon five basic pillars, which are Reading, Writing, Speaking, Listening, and Language. The Common Core state standards are actually aligned to these anchor standards and we'll see that as we start diving into the actual standards themselves. When it comes to using the ELA/Literacy standards, the first thing that you need to do is select a strand. The strand is very similiar to the CCR anchor standard. And we'll take a look at what different strands are available in the ESL that are C standards. After you selected a strand, you then need to choose your appropriate grade level, and then underneath that grade level, you'll actually select your standard.
Some standards also have a variety of components underneath that standard. Now there's two ways to access the ELS/Literacy standards. One is online through the corestandards.org website. And the other way is you can download a PDF document, and access 'em that way. The downloadable document and the online navigation function a little bit differently. We'll go ahead and take a look at both of them, so that you can cnoose what works best for you. Here in my web browser, I've already navigated to corestandards.org. To access the ELA/Literacy standards, I'm going to click on the Standards tab in the top navigation. Before I click on the English Language Arts Standards button, right below that is the link where you can download a PDF version of the standards.
Let's go and click on the English Language Arts Standards button. Here on the left-hand side I have the main standards navigation. I can look at the original CCR anchor standards, and then I can also see that the new Common Core State Standards take advantage of the Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening, and Language. Reading has been broken out to three sections of Literature, Informational Text and Foundational Skills. And speaking and listening have been combined into a single strand. When I access an individual strand such as Reading Literature, I can now see that I can select an individual grade level. Let's go and click on fifth grade under the Reading Literature strand.
Here I can see that there are ten different standards underneath this grade level strand. The standards are broken up into Key Ideas and Details, Craft and Structure, Integration of Knowledge and Ideas, and Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity. I can also choose to click on an individual standard. And that's the only standard that I will see on the screen. This way I can simply copy and paste a new lesson plan or a long term plan. I can also access the original College and Career Readiness anchor standards for Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening, and Language. Here you can see the backbone to the Common Core State Standards.
Another way to access the Common Core State Standards is through the Common Core iPad application. If you're using the Common Core iPad application, it'll automatically link each one of these anchor standards to the appropriate strand in standard under the actual common course state standards. Directly below the English Language Art Standards we have our Literacy standards. This is for History, Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects. Here if I go into Science and Technical subjects it's broken down by grade range. If I go into middle school or grade six through eight. I can now see the corresponding standards. You'll also notice that these corresponding standards are only for Reading. That's what this R represents.
So, here it says, common course state standards under the category of English Language Arts and Literacy. Here I have reading of science and technical subjects. This is grade six through eight and standard one. And the Reading standards for Science and Technical Subjects are separated from the Reading standards from History and Social Studies. When it comes to the writing standards, however they're combined. If I click on the writing tab underneath the Literacy section and I select grade six through eight and if I go ahead and take a look at how the standards are put together, I can see that it's still a Common Core State Standard under the English Language Arts Literacy section.
Here though, I have a WHST. This is for Writing in History and Social Studies, Science, and Technologies. Again, it's grades six through eight, and I'm looking at standard one. Once you understand this naming convention, you can quickly figure out that there's ten standards under the Writing section for grades six through eight. Underneath the Literacy section of the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards. I can also then scroll down and view all the individual elements. For example, I can see that standard two has a variety of components. It has A through F as the various components that go with it. So even though there's only ten standards in the Writing, History, Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects, there's a variety of components that make up this individual area.
And navigating the website is fairly simple, but let's go ahead and take a look at what happens if you download these as a PDF and how you can view and access those. Here I have the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy downloaded as a PDF to my computer. I'm currently looking at the writing standards for grades six through 12. What this means is that I'm currently looking at this strand of Writing, and I'm looking at the grade range of six through 12. This is where you start to understand that the standards are spiraled. Spiraled meaning that sixth grade, to seventh grade, to eighth grade, looks very similar.
If you look at nothing but the length you can tell that there's small changes that happen as students move from sixth grade, to seventh grade, to eighth grade. This can be very important because if you're just starting to integrate the Common Core State Standards, and you're an eighth grade writing teacher, you may have to go back and take a look at what students should have been able to do in sixth grade and seventh grade. And you might have to scaffold some of your lessons or help catch students up so that they're at the proficient level to engage with the eighth grade Common Core State Standards content. We know that writing is the strand. We can now see that there's various grade level columns and then underneath the grade level columns, we have the actual standard.
So, this is standard three under sixth grade writing. Furthermore, under standard three, I can see that there are five different components, A through E. As you navigate through the Common Core State Standards document, you'll notice, too, that not every standard has components. For example, standard seven has no components to it. The same thing with standard eight. Standard nine has two subcomponents to it. One of the great things though about using the PDF is that you have the ability to quickly scan between all the different grade levels to determine what your students need to know to be successful. At this point, we've taken a look at how to access the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy.
We've also talked about History, Social Studies and Science and Technical Writing as being part of English Language Arts and Literacy. We've also looked at how to access the standards online as well as in the PDF document that you can download from corestandards.org. The next step is to go ahead and dive into the math standards and understand how they vary in their hierarchy and access.
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