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Up and Running with Bootstrap 2

Exploring basic typography


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Up and Running with Bootstrap 2

with Jen Kramer

Video: Exploring basic typography

Bootstrap comes with a number of built-in styles which you can use in your site designs. There's a few in particular that you might find quite useful. This is the latest HTML document I'm using in this video. This is schedule.html, and you see that the page is kind of boring looking. We've got a schedule. It's obviously a schedule. It's divided very nicely into sections here. We have a Monday schedule, and we have a Tuesday schedule. And it's easy to tell the hierarchy of the information, but it's not terribly exciting to look at.

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Up and Running with Bootstrap 2
2h 38m Beginner Oct 12, 2012

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Bootstrap is a free web development tool from Twitter that, with a little bit of CSS and JavaScript experience, makes building websites quick, intuitive, and fun. Author Jen Kramer explores its 12-column grid layout; typography and icon libraries; fully functional components like nav bars, buttons, and tabs; and much more. This course also shows how to add JavaScript extras like dropdown menus, modal windows, and photo carousels.

Topics include:
  • Understanding the difference between default and fluid grids
  • Nesting with fluid grids
  • Creating a thumbnail gallery
  • Adding block quotes and lists of text
  • Incorporating images and icons
  • Adding breadcrumb navigation and pagination
  • Using tabs and pills navigation
  • Making the nav bar responsive with JavaScript
  • Adding dropdown menus to the nav bar, tabs, and pill
Subjects:
Web CMS Blogs Responsive Design Web Design
Software:
Bootstrap
Author:
Jen Kramer

Exploring basic typography

Bootstrap comes with a number of built-in styles which you can use in your site designs. There's a few in particular that you might find quite useful. This is the latest HTML document I'm using in this video. This is schedule.html, and you see that the page is kind of boring looking. We've got a schedule. It's obviously a schedule. It's divided very nicely into sections here. We have a Monday schedule, and we have a Tuesday schedule. And it's easy to tell the hierarchy of the information, but it's not terribly exciting to look at.

So we're going to add some styling to this over the next chapter's videos. There is some styling that's here by default, just by virtue of being linked to the Bootstrap style sheets. So as you see, for example, the text is displayed in Helvetica and Arial, as opposed to being displayed in just Times New Roman, which is the default if no styling is set for most web browsers anyway. There's some basic styling that's in place for the headers. These Learn more items are links, which you can see as you roll your mouse over them they become underlined, and they aren't the standard blue.

So there is some basic styling that's here. It's just not a lot of styling, and it is still a very boring page. So let's see what we can do about improving this inside of Dreamweaver. So if you open up this document in Dreamweaver and scroll on down to around line 20-- and line 20 is an introductory paragraph that summarizing what's going to be happening with this particular schedule-- it's just sort of the big summary of everything that happens to be going on. One of the things that we can do to make this stick out a little bit is to assign it its own special class.

Bootstrap allows this through something called Lead. So this particular paragraph tag, I'm going to give it a class of Lead, or possibly it's Lead, because Leading is in fact added to this, but I like to think of it as lead because it is the leading paragraph, but then I'm not a designer. Anyway, if you go ahead and save this, so File > Save, and you open this on up in Firefox, and take a look at what you've done, you'll see that that leading paragraph has a little bit of a bigger text.

It does have a little bit of more spacing between the lines. It stands out a little bit more than it did previously. Something else that we can do this page-- it's a very simple thing to do--would be to add some strong emphasis and some emphasis to the page. Strong of course, is the strong HTML tag which many people think at is making things bold. Remember, of course, it doesn't have to make things bold. Bold is the way something looks, it doesn't have to do with the actual markup of that tag, which is to strongly emphasize something.

So what I'd like to do is I'd like to take these names like Art in Full Color and Art in Full Bloom, and I'd like to emphasize those within the text by making them strongly emphasized. And as for the artist names, I'd like to emphasize those. So for the first time in this course, I'm going to switch over to Design View here in Dreamweaver, because it's just faster. I can go ahead, and I can highlight the words here that I'd like to strongly emphasize, and click the B button down here in the bottom that actually adds a strong tag, as you can see here in this little line of HTML tags. I call it the breadcrumb, where you can see that the strong tag has been added.

And then as we go down to little bit further down the page, we'll see LaVonne L. LaRue. I like to emphasize that, so I'm going to click the I tag down here. Notice that gives it the emphasis tag. And if we flip over to code view, you'll see that it is has in fact put in that markup there correctly. Both on line 22 here, it's strongly emphasized Art in Full Color, and it's emphasized LaVonne L. LaRue. If I just save that, and I take a look at it again in Firefox, you'll see that those words Art in Full Color are bold, at least appearing bold here, and LaVonne L. LaRue is emphasized here, and you can see that in the form of an italic name.

I'm going to go through the rest of this document and emphasize Art in Full Color where it appears. I'm also going to emphasize Water in Art where it appears in the second section of the page. And I'm going to emphasize all of the artist names that appear inside of this document. And I'll see you in the next video.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Up and Running with Bootstrap 2.


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Q: I am trying to create the image carousels shown in this course, and they are not functioning properly. The custom.css file seems to be missing from the exercise files and I think this is the reason. Can you provide it?
A: custom.css isn't created until the carousel indicators are added. However, these styles have to do with the way the indicators look, and nothinghas to do with the way the carousel functions.
 
Are you sure you're working with Bootstrap 2.x? You download that from here: 
http://getbootstrap.com/2.3.2/. The carousel changed radically between Bootstrap 2.x and Bootstrap 3, and this course might not work with version 3.
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