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Adding CSS to a Bootstrap HTML file

From: Up and Running with Bootstrap 3

Video: Adding CSS to a Bootstrap HTML file

The next thing that we need to do is start an HTML document with Bootstrap and in this video what I'm going to do is, I'm going to start the HTML page and I'm going to link up the CSS and then in the next video we will add our JavaScript that we need to add to make a functional Bootstrap page. So, the first thing that I have for you in your exercise files folder is a starting HTML document. As I mentioned in the exercise files introductory video, every time you're working with these exercise files you're going to need to copy the file from the exercise files folder, put it into your Bootstrap folder.

Adding CSS to a Bootstrap HTML file

The next thing that we need to do is start an HTML document with Bootstrap and in this video what I'm going to do is, I'm going to start the HTML page and I'm going to link up the CSS and then in the next video we will add our JavaScript that we need to add to make a functional Bootstrap page. So, the first thing that I have for you in your exercise files folder is a starting HTML document. As I mentioned in the exercise files introductory video, every time you're working with these exercise files you're going to need to copy the file from the exercise files folder, put it into your Bootstrap folder.

That way, all of the links that you're going to include in the HTML will work correctly. It'll be referencing the right CSS files, referencing image files. Referencing fonts and so forth. What I'd like for you to do is, here on your desktop, open up your exercise files folder. So you can see all those files. Open up your bootstrap folder so you can see all of that. We're going to go to chapter one here. We're going to go to folder number four, and you'll find a document here called index. I'd like you to copy that, Control or Command C to copy, and Control or Command V to paste into the other window.

And that will be our starting HTML document. I am also going to open up this document here called additional head code, I will tell you what that is in just a moment, but since I have this open I am going to go ahead and open that document also. And then I can go ahead and close these two windows. Now when I go to Sublime Text. And I can double click on my index.html, which will show up over here in my left column and you'll see that this is my starting HTML for the whole document. Looks great, right? Okay, so now that we got this in place, we're ready to start linking up and including various pieces of HTML that we need in order to make this document works with Bootstrap.

The first thing we're going to add is from that little text file I just had you open. An it's called additional head code. An what you'll see here is, this little line of code about meta name, viewport. Go ahead an copy that line of code, and we're going to paste it right here into our HTML document. I'm going to paste it right after the meta character set item that I have here. It doesn't really matter what order these tags go in in your HTML document. So, this particular meta tag you may have never seen before, but it's a fairly common meta tag that you include when you're working with Responsive Design.

And then the purpose of this tag is to scale screens correctly. No matter whether you're working with a very large screen or a small screen. The web page is designed to scale to fit those particular devices. That's what that line of code is doing. So, it's good practice to include that. The next thing I need to add is a link to my style sheet. So here, just after my title tag, I'm going to go ahead and include my declaration here for my style sheets. And the way that this is going to look is as follows. It's link href equals CSS/bootstrap.min.CSS.

And then Rel equals style sheet. And you can go ahead and close that tag. So this particular line of code, of course, is calling in the minified version of my Bootstrap style sheet. You don't need to link to both bootstrap.css and bootstrap.min.css. They are, in fact, the same document. The dot min, of course. Is just a smaller file size because the spaces and tabs have been removed. We only need to link to this one document. Then, because later in this course we're going to be linking to a custom style sheet where we'll add all kinds of custom styles.

We'll go ahead and add that code right now as well. So we'll say link href equals css/custom.css. And rel equals stylesheet again. Alright. So that's calling, now, a style sheet called custom.CSS inside of the CSS folder. Well, we don't have that style sheet yet. So I suppose we ought to go ahead and create that. So to create that style sheet, we'll just go to File>New File. And Sublime Text will give us a completely blank file. I'm just going to put a comment up here at the top that says, this is a custom CSS stylesheet.

And then I can go ahead and save this. So, just File>Save. I'm going to put this in the CSS folder and I'm going to call this, Custom.CSS. And you can go ahead and close that. And as for index.html, go ahead and do a File>Save, and that's pretty much all you need to do. As a first step, we've included this meta tag for the view port. We've included links to our existing Bootstrap stylesheet, as well as our custom stylesheet. In the next video, we're going to add a couple of links for JavaScript items.

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This video is part of

Image for Up and Running with Bootstrap 3
Up and Running with Bootstrap 3

37 video lessons · 23083 viewers

Jen Kramer
Author

 
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  1. 5m 25s
    1. Welcome
      58s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 19s
    3. Installing Sublime Text 2
      3m 8s
  2. 29m 0s
    1. What is Bootstrap?
      8m 1s
    2. Downloading and unzipping Bootstrap 3
      4m 31s
    3. Examining Bootstrap file structure
      4m 34s
    4. Adding CSS to a Bootstrap HTML file
      4m 35s
    5. Adding JavaScript to a Bootstrap HTML file
      7m 19s
  3. 44m 38s
    1. Exploring Bootstrap's grid system
      9m 10s
    2. Creating new rows and cells
      14m 5s
    3. Adjusting column widths using offset
      5m 2s
    4. Changing column order using push and pull
      5m 34s
    5. Nesting columns
      3m 43s
    6. Creating a JumboTron-style layout
      3m 41s
    7. Challenge: Working with grids
      1m 31s
    8. Solution: Working with grids
      1m 52s
  4. 53m 34s
    1. Exploring basic typography: The small and blockquote tags
      4m 29s
    2. Exploring Bootstrap's responsive classes including .hidden and .visible
      4m 44s
    3. Styling buttons using btn classes
      4m 43s
    4. Styling images with responsiveness and decorative touches
      5m 22s
    5. Incorporating Bootstrap 3 glyph icons
      3m 28s
    6. Creating a thumbnail gallery
      6m 2s
    7. Styling tabular data
      5m 3s
    8. Overriding core CSS with custom styles
      12m 53s
    9. Challenge: Styling panels and callouts
      2m 17s
    10. Solution: Styling panels and callouts
      4m 33s
  5. 27m 41s
    1. Implementing location breadcrumbs
      6m 38s
    2. Using tabs and pills for navigation
      6m 58s
    3. Developing a responsive navigation bar
      9m 9s
    4. Challenge: Modify the "pancake" button
      1m 3s
    5. Solution: Modify the "pancake" button
      3m 53s
  6. 37m 45s
    1. Implementing dropdowns within a navigation bar
      5m 5s
    2. Tabbing within the same page
      15m 45s
    3. Accordion panels with collapse functionality
      11m 37s
    4. Challenge: Tooltips
      1m 59s
    5. Solution: Tooltips
      3m 19s
  7. 3m 0s
    1. Next steps towards advanced Bootstrap
      3m 0s

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