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Join Jeff Bartels as he covers the most important features of this industry-standard drafting and design application in AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training. This course begins with a tour of AutoCAD's interface and the tools used to create basic shapes. It then focuses on the methods used to modify and refine geometry while emphasizing accuracy and good habits to build a solid design foundation. The course covers using layers, line types, and colors to organize a drawing file and explains how to efficiently annotate a design and prepare it for final output. Throughout the title, Jeff shares industry techniques used in production and reinforces concepts using practical examples. Exercise files are included with the course.
Let me start by saying that we should never place text in a drawing until we know our intended plot scale. That's because the scale of our plot will dictate how large our text needs to be such that it's readable on the printed sheet. Fortunately, if I know my plot scale, AutoCAD will size my text automatically. In this lesson, we are going to learn how to create predictably-sized text in our drawings. On my screen I have architectural floor plan and I would like to label each of these rooms. Before I get started, let me mention that there is already a layout set up for this drawing and if I look at the SCALE here on the Title Block.
I can see this drawing is going to plot at three-eighths of an inch equals a foot. You know what, good practice says, you should never take the title blocks word for it. So I am going to verify the Scale by double-clicking in the Viewport and I will check right down here, and yes, in fact, this Viewport is three-eighths of an inch equals a foot. Alright, I am going to double-click out, I will do a Zoom Extents of the sheet and then I will return to Model space where I can create my labels. Now here is a question for you, what should my text type be such that I am sure that it's readable on the printed sheet? Better yet, how large should I make my text, if I wanted to measure a specific size on the printed sheet? A couple of years ago, we used to have to work out the math to set our text heights in Model space.
Now AutoCAD does everything for us automatically. Let me show you how it works. I am going to create a text style, I will open up the Annotation Panel and I will click the Text Style icon. Notice I already have a couple text styles in this drawing, these text styles are being used in the Title Block. I will come over and click New and then I will call my style, Room Labels, and I will click OK. I am going to go with the Arial font, I'd like this to be Bold, and before I give this a height, I am going to come over and click the Annotative button.
Notice that my text style now has an icon next to it. This icon means the text style will automatically size itself to match my plot scale. Since this is set to Annotative, I can come over here and set the height I'd like my text to appear on the printed page. I'd like it to measure one quarter of an inch tall. Alright my text style is current, so I will come down and click Apply and close and I am ready to create my text. Actually we have to do one more thing first, take a look down here, this is the Annotation Scale fly-out.
I am going to open this, and then I will set it to match the plot scale. The plot scale was three-eighths of an inch equals a foot. Now when I create my text or any annotative object, AutoCAD is going to properly size it for this plot scale. Since these are simple labels I am going to create some single line text. I will start my text right here and then I will press Enter for the Rotation angle and I will type Bedroom. Let's do one more, I will press the Spacebar to re-launch the command, I will put one here, and I will press Enter, I will call this Bath.
Notice if I place my Cursor over this text, I can see an icon. This is a visual reminder that this text is tied to a specific plot scale. Now I'd like to create one more label, and instead of typing it manually I am going to launch the Copy command, and I will copy this label, from this room, to this one. Now that I am finished, I am going to return to the layout. Notice that the text is very easy to read, I am going to zoom in, and let's take a quick measurement. Remember, we wanted our text to measure one quarter of an inch tall on the page.
I will launch the Distance command, and there aren't any object snaps here, so I am just going to click as close as possible, I will click here and then I will press F8 to lock my Ortho and I will pull this up to the top and you can see this text measures a quarter of an inch. From this point on, it would be a good idea to make all of your text styles annotative. By using Annotative Text, we can be certain that our text will always be a consistent size on our plots, regardless of the scale we use for our drawing.
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