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Symbols

From: AutoCAD 2008 Essential Training

Video: Symbols

Each discipline of drafting has its own unique symbology and sometimes we need to incorporate the special symbols into our text. Let's look at where we can go to find these extra characters that we don't typically see on our keyboard. I'm going to click Open. I'm going to work on our road closure detail a little bit more. I want to go into the Chapter 11 folder located within our Exercise Files directory and I'm going to come down and select drawing number 7, the Road Closure Detail drawing. I will highlight him and we will click Open to bring him up on screen.

Symbols

Each discipline of drafting has its own unique symbology and sometimes we need to incorporate the special symbols into our text. Let's look at where we can go to find these extra characters that we don't typically see on our keyboard. I'm going to click Open. I'm going to work on our road closure detail a little bit more. I want to go into the Chapter 11 folder located within our Exercise Files directory and I'm going to come down and select drawing number 7, the Road Closure Detail drawing. I will highlight him and we will click Open to bring him up on screen.

Now, I'm almost finished with this drawing. I just want to add a couple of symbols. I would like to add a center line symbol right at the end of this center line. Let me zoom in. The center line symbol is a standard symbol used in civil engineering drafting. Now, to add symbols to our drawing, I'm going to do that through the MTEXT command. So I'm going to come down to my draw toolbar and click the Multi-Line Text icon. Then I'm going to come up and I'm going to click my first corner and then I will come down and click my second corner.

I have just defined the size of my column of text. Since I'm going to be adding a symbol, I would like this text centered on the end of this line. Right now, I can see that my cursor is flashing on the left side so that means this text is going in left justified. I'm going to come up and click my Centered Justified icon to change my justification and now anything I type will be centered on that line. Now, all of the symbols that we can choose from an AutoCAD are located underneath this button. So before I add my center line symbol, I would like to demo some of the others.

So I'm going to type in a number first, we will type in 45, and I'm going to click the dropdown. And notice all the symbol choices that I have. Let's select Degrees. Notice, it now says 45 degrees. I have got a degree symbol. Let me backspace to take that away. Let me click the Symbol dropdown again and we will grab plus/minus. I'm really just adding a character is all I'm doing. Let me backspace to take that away. We'll look at one more. Let me click the dropdown.

If we look beneath this horizontal line, I can see several of the industry standard symbols used in civil, mechanical and architectural drafting. Let's try the Delta symbol. I will select this. Any of you could do surveying out there, we no longer have to create that little triangle by hand. We can now add it as a symbol. Alright, I'm going to backspace these characters. We will take them away because remember my goal was to add a center line symbol. So I'm going to come up and click the symbol dropdown and let's come down and click Center Line. When I select this, AutoCAD brings a center line symbol up on my screen.

And the first thing I thought when this came up was man, that's kind of ugly. I mean my current text style happens to be set to Arial, but this really doesn't look like an Arial font. Let me show you what's going on. I'm going to click after the symbol and hold, and I'm going to drag over it and release. Let me highlight that symbol. Notice, AutoCAD changed my font. That's because the Center Line symbol is not a native character in the Arial font. AutoCAD knew this, so it switched me to a different font such that I could have that character.

I show you this because depending on the font you assigned to your text style, all of these symbols may not necessarily be available. Now, since AutoCAD changed my font, I'm going to change it again. I personally don't care for the ISOCPEUR font. I'm going to click this dropdown and I'm going to select an AutoCAD font. I'm going to come down and I'm going to select the Simplex font. This font gets installed with AutoCAD. We can see the calipers next to it, represents an AutoCAD font. I will select this guy, and that looks a little bit more like what I would like to see in my drawing.

Let me click OK to dismiss the dialog. Now, I would like to add another symbol to my drawing. I would like to add a copyright symbol. Let me back up a little bit. We'll move over and we will create a copyright symbol right down here. Once again, I'm going to launch my MTEXT. Let me come over and click my Multi-Line Text icon. I will click a point to start my text column and then, I will move my cursor to the right to establish the width of my column and click again. Now, the copyright symbol is not a standard civil, mechanical or architectural symbol, so when I go to my Symbol dropdown, I am not going to see that in the list.

Where I will find the copyright symbol is all the way down at bottom under the Other option. Let me select Other and AutoCAD will bring up my Character Map and this will give me access to every character that is native to my font. In fact, every character that's native to any font installed on my machine. Let's leave it set to Arial. Now, the list of characters here is quite extensive. If I click and hold on the scroll, I can pull this guy up and down and we can see that there are several characters that I can choose from. The copyright symbol happens to be right here.

Now, notice that these images are quite small. Sometimes it can be hard to see what the symbol is. If you simply click one time on the symbol, AutoCAD will give you a nice zoomed-in view. If that happens to be the symbol you want, you can just double-click on it and AutoCAD will drop it down into the Characters to copy area. This is nothing more than a Windows clipboard function. So my symbol is in the Characters to copy area. Let me click Copy. I just copied that character in my clipboard and I'm going to close my Character Map.

Let me zoom in on my Text Editor. Since my cursor is active, I'm just going to right-click and select Paste to paste that symbol from my clipboard. Now, notice this, this is a bug in AutoCAD. We pasted the symbol, but for some reason, AutoCAD has changed my font and dropped my cursor down to the next line. Do not hit Backspace. If you hit Backspace, you will go up to the previous line, but for some reason, this odd font will stay. Instead, what I want you to do is click after your symbol and then everything is good.

I'm just going to add a space and we will type Copyright 2008. When I'm done adding my text, I will click OK to dismiss the editor. While AutoCAD will probably never have every symbol we could possibly need, they have gone a long way to provide us with many of the industry-standard symbols that we use on a regular basis.

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This video is part of

Image for AutoCAD 2008 Essential Training
AutoCAD 2008 Essential Training

87 video lessons · 9537 viewers

Jeff Bartels
Author

 
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  1. 3m 25s
    1. Welcome
      1m 6s
    2. Introduction to AutoCAD
      1m 28s
    3. Using the exercise files
      51s
  2. 23m 3s
    1. Modelspace
      2m 19s
    2. Toolbars
      3m 22s
    3. Pulldowns
      3m 36s
    4. AutoCAD's command line
      1m 44s
    5. Dockable palettes
      3m 21s
    6. The Status bar
      2m 58s
    7. Saving your workspace
      2m 10s
    8. Essential settings
      3m 33s
  3. 19m 1s
    1. Opening an AutoCAD drawing
      3m 0s
    2. Mouse functions
      2m 1s
    3. Zooming, panning, and regen
      5m 10s
    4. The multiple-document environment
      3m 23s
    5. Saving your work
      2m 32s
    6. Using templates
      2m 55s
  4. 16m 32s
    1. The Line command
      3m 16s
    2. ORTHO and POLAR modes
      5m 44s
    3. The Circle command
      3m 26s
    4. The Heads-Up display
      4m 6s
  5. 15m 48s
    1. Defining units of measure
      6m 12s
    2. Drafting with architectural units
      5m 0s
    3. Drafting with metric units
      4m 36s
  6. 20m 49s
    1. Cartesian coordinates
      5m 48s
    2. Object snaps
      10m 27s
    3. Automating object snaps
      4m 34s
  7. 23m 26s
    1. Rectangle
      4m 20s
    2. Ellipse
      5m 58s
    3. Hatch
      8m 33s
    4. Polygon
      4m 35s
  8. 23m 19s
    1. Move and Copy
      6m 43s
    2. Rotate
      5m 4s
    3. Offset
      6m 1s
    4. Erase
      2m 5s
    5. Undo and Redo
      3m 26s
  9. 12m 34s
    1. Windows and crossing windows
      4m 48s
    2. Removing from selections
      3m 42s
    3. Using key-ins
      4m 4s
  10. 1h 4m
    1. Trim and Extend
      6m 53s
    2. Fillet
      5m 1s
    3. Chamfer
      6m 35s
    4. Array
      8m 1s
    5. Mirror
      6m 52s
    6. Stretch
      5m 49s
    7. Scale
      5m 17s
    8. Grips
      7m 37s
    9. Explode
      4m 16s
    10. Polyline edit
      7m 46s
  11. 26m 0s
    1. Layers
      3m 30s
    2. The Layer Properties Manager
      9m 6s
    3. Layer control
      4m 29s
    4. The ByLayer property
      5m 26s
    5. The Layer Previous command
      3m 29s
  12. 43m 5s
    1. Single-line text
      3m 46s
    2. Text justification
      7m 2s
    3. Text styles
      7m 30s
    4. Multi-line text
      6m 28s
    5. Editing
      3m 24s
    6. Bulleted and numbered lists
      4m 5s
    7. Symbols
      6m 17s
    8. Spell-checking
      4m 33s
  13. 28m 58s
    1. Creating dimensions
      8m 35s
    2. Dimension styles
      6m 40s
    3. Callouts
      6m 40s
    4. Tweaking dimensions
      7m 3s
  14. 14m 48s
    1. The Distance command
      4m 15s
    2. The Property Changer
      6m 30s
    3. The Quick Calculator
      4m 3s
  15. 25m 8s
    1. Creating and inserting blocks
      10m 15s
    2. Using blocks
      5m 46s
    3. Modifying blocks
      4m 9s
    4. Building your library
      4m 58s
  16. 48m 29s
    1. Quick plots
      6m 40s
    2. Selecting a pen table
      5m 35s
    3. Layouts pt. 1: Choosing paper
      3m 21s
    4. Layouts pt. 2: Inserting a title block
      3m 11s
    5. Layouts pt. 3: Cutting a viewport
      6m 17s
    6. Layouts pt. 4: Reusing layouts
      4m 14s
    7. Scale factors
      3m 58s
    8. Sizing modelspace text
      7m 15s
    9. Sizing modelspace dimensions
      4m 47s
    10. Sizing linetypes
      3m 11s
  17. 9m 57s
    1. Drawing compatibility
      3m 4s
    2. E-transmitting
      3m 10s
    3. Saving to the Design Web format
      3m 43s
  18. 18s
    1. Goodbye
      18s

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