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AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training
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Organizing with hatch patterns


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AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training

with Jeff Bartels

Video: Organizing with hatch patterns

Hatch patterns have been a part of drafting since the days of paper and pencil. Well-placed hatch patterns can add visual interest to your drawings, as well as represent materials to be used for construction. In this lesson, we are going to learn how to create some hatches. On my screen, I have some abstract shapes. We are going to use this geometry to learn how the Hatch command works. The Hatch command is located in the Draw panel of the ribbon. The icon is right here. I am going to click to launch the command and this brings up the Hatch Creation tab on the ribbon. This tab is where we can find all of the settings used to create our hatch.
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  1. 2m 8s
    1. Welcome
      1m 29s
    2. Using the exercise files
      39s
  2. 23m 33s
    1. Understanding model space
      3m 44s
    2. Accessing AutoCAD's tools
      3m 2s
    3. Leveraging dockable palettes
      3m 1s
    4. Monitoring the Status bar
      1m 28s
    5. Understanding the anatomy of a command
      2m 14s
    6. Customizing AutoCAD's preferences
      3m 13s
    7. Accessing help
      3m 38s
    8. Saving a workspace
      3m 13s
  3. 19m 42s
    1. Opening an AutoCAD drawing
      3m 2s
    2. Understanding mouse functions
      2m 44s
    3. Zooming, panning, and regenning
      4m 24s
    4. Working in a multiple-document environment
      2m 39s
    5. Saving your work
      2m 29s
    6. Saving time with templates
      4m 24s
  4. 14m 35s
    1. Constructing lines
      2m 20s
    2. Locking angles with the Ortho and Polar modes
      4m 49s
    3. Drawing circles
      4m 10s
    4. Activating the Heads-Up Display
      3m 16s
  5. 14m 48s
    1. Defining a unit of measure
      6m 28s
    2. Constructing geometry using architectural measurements
      4m 6s
    3. Working with metric units
      4m 14s
  6. 23m 45s
    1. Understanding the Cartesian coordinate system
      4m 53s
    2. Locking to geometry using object snaps
      7m 42s
    3. Automating object snap selection
      7m 26s
    4. Using temporary tracking to find points in space
      3m 44s
  7. 19m 30s
    1. Drawing rectangles
      4m 56s
    2. Drawing polygons
      3m 4s
    3. Creating an ellipse
      5m 9s
    4. Organizing with hatch patterns
      6m 21s
  8. 29m 46s
    1. Making geometric changes using the property changer
      3m 38s
    2. Moving and copying elements
      4m 28s
    3. Rotating elements
      3m 48s
    4. Trimming and extending geometry
      5m 10s
    5. Creating offsets
      6m 16s
    6. Erasing elements
      2m 46s
    7. Undoing and redoing actions
      3m 40s
  9. 11m 52s
    1. Selecting objects using windows
      3m 46s
    2. Adding and removing from selections
      3m 43s
    3. Using keyboard shortcuts
      4m 23s
  10. 51m 12s
    1. Creating fillets
      3m 52s
    2. Creating chamfers
      3m 51s
    3. Copying objects into a rotated pattern
      4m 20s
    4. Copying objects into a rectangular pattern
      4m 58s
    5. Stretching elements
      4m 4s
    6. Creating mirrored copies
      2m 12s
    7. Scaling elements
      5m 0s
    8. Leveraging grips
      7m 20s
    9. Exploding elements
      5m 47s
    10. Joining elements together
      3m 44s
    11. Editing hatch patterns
      6m 4s
  11. 32m 19s
    1. Understanding layers
      2m 43s
    2. Creating and adjusting layers
      7m 20s
    3. Using layers to organize a drawing
      9m 17s
    4. Changing popular settings using the layer control
      3m 30s
    5. Understanding the BYLAYER property
      3m 37s
    6. Restoring previous layer states
      3m 42s
    7. Using existing geometry to set the current layer
      2m 10s
  12. 37m 43s
    1. Creating single-line text
      3m 11s
    2. Justifying text
      5m 18s
    3. Controlling appearance using text styles
      6m 10s
    4. Annotating with multi-line text
      5m 10s
    5. Editing text
      4m 32s
    6. Creating bulleted and numbered lists
      3m 29s
    7. Incorporating symbols
      5m 28s
    8. Correcting spelling errors
      4m 25s
  13. 28m 37s
    1. Creating general dimensions
      4m 13s
    2. Creating continuous and baseline dimensions
      2m 13s
    3. Controlling appearance using dimension styles
      4m 57s
    4. Modifying dimensions
      6m 6s
    5. Creating multileaders
      2m 53s
    6. Controlling appearance using multileader styles
      3m 23s
    7. Modifying multileaders
      4m 52s
  14. 25m 19s
    1. Inserting blocks
      4m 34s
    2. Creating blocks
      6m 41s
    3. Leveraging blocks
      5m 39s
    4. Redefining blocks
      3m 1s
    5. Building a block library
      5m 24s
  15. 13m 50s
    1. Querying a drawing using rollover tooltips
      2m 9s
    2. Taking measurements using the Distance command
      3m 2s
    3. Modifying properties using the Quick Properties tool
      4m 25s
    4. Automating calculations using the Quick Calculator feature
      4m 14s
  16. 36m 6s
    1. Creating quick plots
      6m 4s
    2. Selecting a pen table
      5m 48s
    3. Choosing line weights
      4m 32s
    4. Creating a layout, pt. 1: Choosing a paper size
      2m 42s
    5. Creating a layout, pt. 2: Inserting a title block
      2m 29s
    6. Creating a layout, pt. 3: Cutting viewports
      6m 9s
    7. Reusing layouts
      4m 3s
    8. Organizing layouts
      4m 19s
  17. 16m 49s
    1. Using the Annotative property to automatically size text
      4m 13s
    2. Using the Annotative property to automatically size dimensions
      4m 34s
    3. Using the Annotative property to automatically size multileaders
      3m 58s
    4. Changing the scale assigned to annotations
      4m 4s
  18. 6m 56s
    1. Saving drawings to other formats
      2m 27s
    2. Plotting to the Design Web format
      2m 15s
    3. Plotting to PDF
      1m 20s
    4. Sending drawings via email
      54s
  19. 22s
    1. Goodbye
      22s

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AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training
6h 48m Beginner Jul 30, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Join Jeff Bartels as he covers the most important features of this industry-standard drafting and design application in AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training. This course begins with a tour of AutoCAD's interface and the tools used to create basic shapes. It then focuses on the methods used to modify and refine geometry while emphasizing accuracy and good habits to build a solid design foundation. The course covers using layers, line types, and colors to organize a drawing file and explains how to efficiently annotate a design and prepare it for final output. Throughout the title, Jeff shares industry techniques used in production and reinforces concepts using practical examples. Exercise files are included with the course.

Topics include:
  • Understanding model space
  • Working in a multiple-document environment
  • Organizing drawings using layers
  • Creating basic geometry
  • Configuring units for architectural, civil, or metric work
  • Incorporating blocks (symbols) into a working file
  • Maintaining accuracy with coordinates and snaps
  • Creating annotations that automatically size themselves
  • Moving and copying elements
  • Transferring data between drawings
  • Preparing standardized layouts with title blocks
  • Sharing drawings
Subjects:
CAD 2D Drawing 3D Drawing
Software:
AutoCAD
Author:
Jeff Bartels

Organizing with hatch patterns

Hatch patterns have been a part of drafting since the days of paper and pencil. Well-placed hatch patterns can add visual interest to your drawings, as well as represent materials to be used for construction. In this lesson, we are going to learn how to create some hatches. On my screen, I have some abstract shapes. We are going to use this geometry to learn how the Hatch command works. The Hatch command is located in the Draw panel of the ribbon. The icon is right here. I am going to click to launch the command and this brings up the Hatch Creation tab on the ribbon. This tab is where we can find all of the settings used to create our hatch.

The first thing I'd like to do is select the pattern. To do that, I'll move up to the Pattern panel. I am going to click this icon to open up the menu and then I will click and hold on this slider and I will drag down so you can see some of the patterns available. Using this menu we can select from any of the Hatch patterns that come pre-installed with AutoCAD 2011. The hatches we can select range from vector line work, to these gradient fill patterns. I am going to click and hold on the slider and I will push this back to the top and I am going to select the ANSI31 pattern.

Now that I have chosen my pattern, I need to tell AutoCAD the area I would like to hatch. Essentially, I need to define my boundary. To do that, I will place my cursor inside a closed area and notice that AutoCAD gives me an instant preview. Let's say I'd like to hatch the area in between this circle and these squares. To do that I will move my cursor into the area and then I will click to accept it and then I can move up here and adjust my Hatch settings. Let's take a look at some of these. This setting controls my Hatch pattern scale or the size of my pattern. I'm going to click on this value and I will change it to 10 and then I'll press Tab to accept the new setting and notice how the pattern changes on screen.

Let's look at this one. This setting adjusts the Hatch Angle or the rotation of the pattern. Now, I can adjust my rotation a couple of ways. I can click and hold on this slider and I can drag this left and right to adjust the rotation visually on screen or I can click on this value over here and enter the rotation of my choice. I am going to type 45 and then I will press Tab to accept that value. Take a look at this setting. Hatch Transparency. I can create Hatch that I can see through. To adjust transparency, it's the same as adjusting the angle.

I can click and hold on the slider to adjust my transparency percentage or I can change the value over here. I am going to click and I will enter 75 to make this hatch 75% transparent and then I will press Tab to accept the value. Now that I am finished adjusting my settings, I will press the Enter key to accept my hatch. Now take a look at my pattern on screen. Notice my scale and my rotation look good but I wanted this hatch to be 75% transparent and it obviously doesn't look that way. This is the result of a mode setting.

I am going to come down on the status bar and I am going to click this toggle. the third one from the right side. This toggle controls where the transparency is displayed in our drawing. Now that I have turned this on, you can see that my Hatch looks more like what you would accept if it was 75% transparent. Let's create some more hatch. This time I would like to hatch the area inside these squares. So I will move up and launch the Hatch command. I am going to change my pattern. I will select Angle this time and notice that AutoCAD remembers my previous settings. I would like to set these back the way they were.

I can do that by clicking and dragging the slider down to 0 or I can change the percentage to 0 or I can click this fly-out and select Use Current. That will also set it back to 0. Let's set the Angle back the way it was. I will click and drag on this slider and I will drag it down to 0. I am going to leave the scale as is for right now. I am going to put my cursor inside the area and I will preview the pattern. Now, this looks a little bit big. I am going to come back to scale and I will click, I will change this to 5 and press Tab. Let's take a look. This looks pretty good.

So I am going to click inside each of these shapes. I can't emphasize this enough. Make sure and explore all of these settings. There is a lot of good things here. we have a great deal of control over the appearance of our Hatch patterns. To find out what each setting does, simply hover over it and AutoCAD will give you more information. As always, you can press F1 for more help. Let's take a look at this setting. Associative, notice this guy is turned on. By default, all of the Hatch patterns we create in AutoCAD are associative, meaning the hatch is linked to the boundary objects.

That means if the boundary changes, the Hatch updates automatically. Let's try that. I am going to hit Enter to accept the hatch that I have been creating. Then I am going to click to select this boundary. this brings up some blue grips. I will click on this grip in the upper -left corner and notice, as I move my cursor, I can change the location of this grip. I am going to pull it down to right about here and then I'll click to place it and notice how my patterns adjust to match the new boundary. Not just the pattern inside this shape, but the one outside as well that's because these Hatch patterns are associative and they are both linked to that boundary.

I am going to press Esc to deselect this entity and I would like to create one more hatch. I would like to hatch this circle. So I will move up and launch the Hatch command and let me mention this. by default, when we hatch objects, we are using the Pick Points method. That means that I am choosing my Hatch boundary by clicking inside a closed area. Now unfortunately, Pick Points isn't going to help me much here because I'd have to click inside each of these areas to hatch this single circle. Instead, I am going to come back to the ribbon and I am going to click this option. the Select Boundary Objects method.

Using this method, I can select the boundary I would like to hatch and AutoCAD will ignore everything else. Now that I am finished, I will press Enter to accept my hatch. Now that we have an understanding of how the Hatch tools work, let's try and use them in a practical example. I am going to zoom out a little bit and we will pan the drawing over. On my screen, I have got an architectural example. This geometry represents the floor plan for a college dorm room. In this example, I would like to apply some hatch to the interior of my walls to help simplify the appearance of this drawing. So I am going to launch the Hatch command, I am going to choose the ANSI31 pattern and I am going to change the scale to 15.

We will see how that looks. Press Tab to accept the value and then I will place my cursor in between the walls. That looks pretty good, So I will click to accept this area. I will move up and click to accept this area. I will select this one and this one, and when I am finished, I'll hit Enter to accept my hatch. Hatch patterns could be very effective in helping you visually organize your drawings. They can also transform an average drawing into a professional looking presentation.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training.


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Q: Despite following the tutorials, I am having trouble in AutoCAD Architecture 2011. I cannot copy basic line drawings of simple architecture from one file to another. I tile two AutoCAD documents open simultaneously and click on a geometry, let go, click again and hold and try to drag to the second document, but to no avail. What could be causing the problem?
A: There are a few possible solutions. At the command line, type "PICKFIRST" and press Enter. Make sure this variable is set to 1. If the value is set to 0 instead of 1, this would result in the problem described. Having PICKFIRST set to 1 (normally the default setting for "vanilla" AutoCAD) allows you to select an object first, and then launch an editing command (like Move or Rotate or Erase). Thus, you can work in both directions. Launch the Editing command first and then select objects, or visa versa. 
If PICKFIRST is not the issue, the problem might be something native to AutoCAD for Architecture, as there are some differences between that version and plain AutoCAD. Don't forget, you can also move geometry from one drawing to another by using Copy/Paste. Simply select your geometry and right-click, select copy, then click in your other drawing, right-click, and select Paste. Note that the Copy/Paste options are also available on the Home tab of the Ribbon. Copy/Paste should work regardless of your PICKFIRST setting.
 
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