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AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training
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Justifying text


From:

AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training

with Jeff Bartels

Video: Justifying text

With most software, your choices for text justification are limited to left, center or right justified. AutoCAD however gives us complete control over our justification allowing us to position and justify our text at nearly any conceivable location. Now, I am currently working in a title block drawing, and we'll be using this title block later when we get into our chapter on plotting. If you look right over here, you can see I have made a copy of a portion of the title block. I am going to zoom-in a little bit, and we'll center this on screen. What I would like to do is use this copy on the right side to show you how I position the text objects in this title block.
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  1. 2m 8s
    1. Welcome
      1m 29s
    2. Using the exercise files
      39s
  2. 23m 33s
    1. Understanding model space
      3m 44s
    2. Accessing AutoCAD's tools
      3m 2s
    3. Leveraging dockable palettes
      3m 1s
    4. Monitoring the Status bar
      1m 28s
    5. Understanding the anatomy of a command
      2m 14s
    6. Customizing AutoCAD's preferences
      3m 13s
    7. Accessing help
      3m 38s
    8. Saving a workspace
      3m 13s
  3. 19m 42s
    1. Opening an AutoCAD drawing
      3m 2s
    2. Understanding mouse functions
      2m 44s
    3. Zooming, panning, and regenning
      4m 24s
    4. Working in a multiple-document environment
      2m 39s
    5. Saving your work
      2m 29s
    6. Saving time with templates
      4m 24s
  4. 14m 35s
    1. Constructing lines
      2m 20s
    2. Locking angles with the Ortho and Polar modes
      4m 49s
    3. Drawing circles
      4m 10s
    4. Activating the Heads-Up Display
      3m 16s
  5. 14m 48s
    1. Defining a unit of measure
      6m 28s
    2. Constructing geometry using architectural measurements
      4m 6s
    3. Working with metric units
      4m 14s
  6. 23m 45s
    1. Understanding the Cartesian coordinate system
      4m 53s
    2. Locking to geometry using object snaps
      7m 42s
    3. Automating object snap selection
      7m 26s
    4. Using temporary tracking to find points in space
      3m 44s
  7. 19m 30s
    1. Drawing rectangles
      4m 56s
    2. Drawing polygons
      3m 4s
    3. Creating an ellipse
      5m 9s
    4. Organizing with hatch patterns
      6m 21s
  8. 29m 46s
    1. Making geometric changes using the property changer
      3m 38s
    2. Moving and copying elements
      4m 28s
    3. Rotating elements
      3m 48s
    4. Trimming and extending geometry
      5m 10s
    5. Creating offsets
      6m 16s
    6. Erasing elements
      2m 46s
    7. Undoing and redoing actions
      3m 40s
  9. 11m 52s
    1. Selecting objects using windows
      3m 46s
    2. Adding and removing from selections
      3m 43s
    3. Using keyboard shortcuts
      4m 23s
  10. 51m 12s
    1. Creating fillets
      3m 52s
    2. Creating chamfers
      3m 51s
    3. Copying objects into a rotated pattern
      4m 20s
    4. Copying objects into a rectangular pattern
      4m 58s
    5. Stretching elements
      4m 4s
    6. Creating mirrored copies
      2m 12s
    7. Scaling elements
      5m 0s
    8. Leveraging grips
      7m 20s
    9. Exploding elements
      5m 47s
    10. Joining elements together
      3m 44s
    11. Editing hatch patterns
      6m 4s
  11. 32m 19s
    1. Understanding layers
      2m 43s
    2. Creating and adjusting layers
      7m 20s
    3. Using layers to organize a drawing
      9m 17s
    4. Changing popular settings using the layer control
      3m 30s
    5. Understanding the BYLAYER property
      3m 37s
    6. Restoring previous layer states
      3m 42s
    7. Using existing geometry to set the current layer
      2m 10s
  12. 37m 43s
    1. Creating single-line text
      3m 11s
    2. Justifying text
      5m 18s
    3. Controlling appearance using text styles
      6m 10s
    4. Annotating with multi-line text
      5m 10s
    5. Editing text
      4m 32s
    6. Creating bulleted and numbered lists
      3m 29s
    7. Incorporating symbols
      5m 28s
    8. Correcting spelling errors
      4m 25s
  13. 28m 37s
    1. Creating general dimensions
      4m 13s
    2. Creating continuous and baseline dimensions
      2m 13s
    3. Controlling appearance using dimension styles
      4m 57s
    4. Modifying dimensions
      6m 6s
    5. Creating multileaders
      2m 53s
    6. Controlling appearance using multileader styles
      3m 23s
    7. Modifying multileaders
      4m 52s
  14. 25m 19s
    1. Inserting blocks
      4m 34s
    2. Creating blocks
      6m 41s
    3. Leveraging blocks
      5m 39s
    4. Redefining blocks
      3m 1s
    5. Building a block library
      5m 24s
  15. 13m 50s
    1. Querying a drawing using rollover tooltips
      2m 9s
    2. Taking measurements using the Distance command
      3m 2s
    3. Modifying properties using the Quick Properties tool
      4m 25s
    4. Automating calculations using the Quick Calculator feature
      4m 14s
  16. 36m 6s
    1. Creating quick plots
      6m 4s
    2. Selecting a pen table
      5m 48s
    3. Choosing line weights
      4m 32s
    4. Creating a layout, pt. 1: Choosing a paper size
      2m 42s
    5. Creating a layout, pt. 2: Inserting a title block
      2m 29s
    6. Creating a layout, pt. 3: Cutting viewports
      6m 9s
    7. Reusing layouts
      4m 3s
    8. Organizing layouts
      4m 19s
  17. 16m 49s
    1. Using the Annotative property to automatically size text
      4m 13s
    2. Using the Annotative property to automatically size dimensions
      4m 34s
    3. Using the Annotative property to automatically size multileaders
      3m 58s
    4. Changing the scale assigned to annotations
      4m 4s
  18. 6m 56s
    1. Saving drawings to other formats
      2m 27s
    2. Plotting to the Design Web format
      2m 15s
    3. Plotting to PDF
      1m 20s
    4. Sending drawings via email
      54s
  19. 22s
    1. Goodbye
      22s

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AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training
6h 48m Beginner Jul 30, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Join Jeff Bartels as he covers the most important features of this industry-standard drafting and design application in AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training. This course begins with a tour of AutoCAD's interface and the tools used to create basic shapes. It then focuses on the methods used to modify and refine geometry while emphasizing accuracy and good habits to build a solid design foundation. The course covers using layers, line types, and colors to organize a drawing file and explains how to efficiently annotate a design and prepare it for final output. Throughout the title, Jeff shares industry techniques used in production and reinforces concepts using practical examples. Exercise files are included with the course.

Topics include:
  • Understanding model space
  • Working in a multiple-document environment
  • Organizing drawings using layers
  • Creating basic geometry
  • Configuring units for architectural, civil, or metric work
  • Incorporating blocks (symbols) into a working file
  • Maintaining accuracy with coordinates and snaps
  • Creating annotations that automatically size themselves
  • Moving and copying elements
  • Transferring data between drawings
  • Preparing standardized layouts with title blocks
  • Sharing drawings
Subjects:
CAD 2D Drawing 3D Drawing
Software:
AutoCAD
Author:
Jeff Bartels

Justifying text

With most software, your choices for text justification are limited to left, center or right justified. AutoCAD however gives us complete control over our justification allowing us to position and justify our text at nearly any conceivable location. Now, I am currently working in a title block drawing, and we'll be using this title block later when we get into our chapter on plotting. If you look right over here, you can see I have made a copy of a portion of the title block. I am going to zoom-in a little bit, and we'll center this on screen. What I would like to do is use this copy on the right side to show you how I position the text objects in this title block.

Now before we get started creating text, I would like to take a second and talk a little bit about justification. On my screen I have some text. Now, just for a second, let's make the assumption that this text is sitting on a baseline. Most programs give us some basic text justification options. For instance, we have Left justified. So all of my text will be created and aligned to that left most point. We also have Center as well as Right justified options. So these are the big three. Now, AutoCAD gives us a lot more choices for text justification.

Notice, I have a couple more baselines. I have Top, Middle, and Bottom, and each baseline contains three justification points. Left, Center, and Right. So we have an insane amount of control when it comes to positioning our text in a drawing. Let's return to AutoCAD. If you look at my geometry on the right, you can see that I have created these purple lines. These are offsets that I created to define the margins that I would like to use inside my title block. Let's start out by creating these three text objects. These identify the initials of the people who have worked on this drawing.

Now, I would like to create Single Line Text objects, so I will click this fly-out, I will select Single Line, then I'll zoom-in a little bit, and I would like to place my text at the intersection of my offsets. I will give my text a height of 0.05 and I'll hit Enter, and then I'll hit Enter to accept the default value of 0 and I'll type my text, and I will hit Enter twice to finish the command. I am going to zoom-in a little bit further, because I want to mention that all text that we create in AutoCAD by default is Left justified.

You can see that this text is justified to the intersection of these two offsets. It's also important to note that we can use the justification point to move or copy a text object. For instance, I'll launch the Copy command. I will select my text and right-click. Now, where do I want to pick this text up from? Let's take a look at another object snap. I am going to Shift+Right-click and then I will come down and select Insert. This stands for insertion point, and this object snap will select the justification point of your text. If I hover over this, we can see where AutoCAD is going to pick it up from.

Let me click to select, and my Ortho is locked. I am going to press F8 to turn that off. Notice I am holding my text from that justification point, and I would like to place a copy at the intersection of these offsets. Let's pan this up, and I will place one, the intersection right here. Let's zoom-out a little bit, and I'd like to create this text object next. I will launch Single Line Text and in this case, Left justify text isn't going to help me. Take a look at the command line. Notice I have a Justify option.

I am going to right-click and select Justify from the menu, and this is why I showed you the slides. Look at these. TL, TR, MC what do these stand for. Top-Left, Top-Right, Middle-Center. Basically, these are all of our text justification points. I'd like this text to be Right justified and then I will select the intersection of my offsets. I will hit Enter to accept the default height, and angle, I will type DSGN: and I will hit Enter twice.

This text stands for designed by. Let's create one more. We'll add this DATE label. I will launch my Single Line Text. I am going to right-click and select Justify, and I would like to justify this text to the top-left. So I will select TL. I will place my text to the intersection of my offsets, I will hit Enter to accept the height and angle. I will type DATE: and I will press Enter twice to finish the command. Generally speaking, I use the same workflow to create all of the text that we see in this title block.

Before I go, I'd like to give you one more example. Frequently in our CAD drawings, we'll see text labels where the text is placed in a circle. Now, I have a circle in this drawing. I am going to zoom-out a little bit. We'll pan this down. Then, I will open up the Layer Control. we'll turn on Layer Circle. Let's create some text that's properly justified to the center of this circle. I will launch the Single Line Text command, I will right-click and select Justify from the menu, and this time I am going to use the Middle justification point. This ensures that my text will always be justified to the middle point of the text object, both horizontally and vertically.

I will place my text to the center of this circle, and let's make the text a little bit taller. I am going to use a height of 0.075 and I will hit Enter, and then I'll accept the rotation angle. Let's zoom-in a little bit and notice that whatever I type, it will always be perfectly centered within the shape. AutoCAD certainly gives us a lot of choices when it comes to justifying our text. Using these justification options along with the Insert object snap, we can insert or position any text object with complete control.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training.


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Q: Despite following the tutorials, I am having trouble in AutoCAD Architecture 2011. I cannot copy basic line drawings of simple architecture from one file to another. I tile two AutoCAD documents open simultaneously and click on a geometry, let go, click again and hold and try to drag to the second document, but to no avail. What could be causing the problem?
A: There are a few possible solutions. At the command line, type "PICKFIRST" and press Enter. Make sure this variable is set to 1. If the value is set to 0 instead of 1, this would result in the problem described. Having PICKFIRST set to 1 (normally the default setting for "vanilla" AutoCAD) allows you to select an object first, and then launch an editing command (like Move or Rotate or Erase). Thus, you can work in both directions. Launch the Editing command first and then select objects, or visa versa. 
If PICKFIRST is not the issue, the problem might be something native to AutoCAD for Architecture, as there are some differences between that version and plain AutoCAD. Don't forget, you can also move geometry from one drawing to another by using Copy/Paste. Simply select your geometry and right-click, select copy, then click in your other drawing, right-click, and select Paste. Note that the Copy/Paste options are also available on the Home tab of the Ribbon. Copy/Paste should work regardless of your PICKFIRST setting.
 
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