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Join Jeff Bartels as he covers the most important features of this industry-standard drafting and design application in AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training. This course begins with a tour of AutoCAD's interface and the tools used to create basic shapes. It then focuses on the methods used to modify and refine geometry while emphasizing accuracy and good habits to build a solid design foundation. The course covers using layers, line types, and colors to organize a drawing file and explains how to efficiently annotate a design and prepare it for final output. Throughout the title, Jeff shares industry techniques used in production and reinforces concepts using practical examples. Exercise files are included with the course.
With most software, your choices for text justification are limited to left, center or right justified. AutoCAD however gives us complete control over our justification allowing us to position and justify our text at nearly any conceivable location. Now, I am currently working in a title block drawing, and we'll be using this title block later when we get into our chapter on plotting. If you look right over here, you can see I have made a copy of a portion of the title block. I am going to zoom-in a little bit, and we'll center this on screen. What I would like to do is use this copy on the right side to show you how I position the text objects in this title block.
Now before we get started creating text, I would like to take a second and talk a little bit about justification. On my screen I have some text. Now, just for a second, let's make the assumption that this text is sitting on a baseline. Most programs give us some basic text justification options. For instance, we have Left justified. So all of my text will be created and aligned to that left most point. We also have Center as well as Right justified options. So these are the big three. Now, AutoCAD gives us a lot more choices for text justification.
Notice, I have a couple more baselines. I have Top, Middle, and Bottom, and each baseline contains three justification points. Left, Center, and Right. So we have an insane amount of control when it comes to positioning our text in a drawing. Let's return to AutoCAD. If you look at my geometry on the right, you can see that I have created these purple lines. These are offsets that I created to define the margins that I would like to use inside my title block. Let's start out by creating these three text objects. These identify the initials of the people who have worked on this drawing.
Now, I would like to create Single Line Text objects, so I will click this fly-out, I will select Single Line, then I'll zoom-in a little bit, and I would like to place my text at the intersection of my offsets. I will give my text a height of 0.05 and I'll hit Enter, and then I'll hit Enter to accept the default value of 0 and I'll type my text, and I will hit Enter twice to finish the command. I am going to zoom-in a little bit further, because I want to mention that all text that we create in AutoCAD by default is Left justified.
You can see that this text is justified to the intersection of these two offsets. It's also important to note that we can use the justification point to move or copy a text object. For instance, I'll launch the Copy command. I will select my text and right-click. Now, where do I want to pick this text up from? Let's take a look at another object snap. I am going to Shift+Right-click and then I will come down and select Insert. This stands for insertion point, and this object snap will select the justification point of your text. If I hover over this, we can see where AutoCAD is going to pick it up from.
Let me click to select, and my Ortho is locked. I am going to press F8 to turn that off. Notice I am holding my text from that justification point, and I would like to place a copy at the intersection of these offsets. Let's pan this up, and I will place one, the intersection right here. Let's zoom-out a little bit, and I'd like to create this text object next. I will launch Single Line Text and in this case, Left justify text isn't going to help me. Take a look at the command line. Notice I have a Justify option.
I am going to right-click and select Justify from the menu, and this is why I showed you the slides. Look at these. TL, TR, MC what do these stand for. Top-Left, Top-Right, Middle-Center. Basically, these are all of our text justification points. I'd like this text to be Right justified and then I will select the intersection of my offsets. I will hit Enter to accept the default height, and angle, I will type DSGN: and I will hit Enter twice.
This text stands for designed by. Let's create one more. We'll add this DATE label. I will launch my Single Line Text. I am going to right-click and select Justify, and I would like to justify this text to the top-left. So I will select TL. I will place my text to the intersection of my offsets, I will hit Enter to accept the height and angle. I will type DATE: and I will press Enter twice to finish the command. Generally speaking, I use the same workflow to create all of the text that we see in this title block.
Before I go, I'd like to give you one more example. Frequently in our CAD drawings, we'll see text labels where the text is placed in a circle. Now, I have a circle in this drawing. I am going to zoom-out a little bit. We'll pan this down. Then, I will open up the Layer Control. we'll turn on Layer Circle. Let's create some text that's properly justified to the center of this circle. I will launch the Single Line Text command, I will right-click and select Justify from the menu, and this time I am going to use the Middle justification point. This ensures that my text will always be justified to the middle point of the text object, both horizontally and vertically.
I will place my text to the center of this circle, and let's make the text a little bit taller. I am going to use a height of 0.075 and I will hit Enter, and then I'll accept the rotation angle. Let's zoom-in a little bit and notice that whatever I type, it will always be perfectly centered within the shape. AutoCAD certainly gives us a lot of choices when it comes to justifying our text. Using these justification options along with the Insert object snap, we can insert or position any text object with complete control.
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