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Incorporating symbols

From: AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training

Video: Incorporating symbols

Each discipline of drafting has its own unique symbology. Sometimes we need to incorporate these special symbols into our text. In this lesson, we're going to learn how to use these extra characters that we don't typically see on our keyboard. On my screen I have a surveying example. This is a drawing of a plot of survey. It's essentially a dimensioned property boundary. On the right, I have a finished example and on the left, I have an unfinished version. Let's see if we can finish this drawing. First of all, I'm going to zoom-in on this label. Notice this symbol right here.

Incorporating symbols

Each discipline of drafting has its own unique symbology. Sometimes we need to incorporate these special symbols into our text. In this lesson, we're going to learn how to use these extra characters that we don't typically see on our keyboard. On my screen I have a surveying example. This is a drawing of a plot of survey. It's essentially a dimensioned property boundary. On the right, I have a finished example and on the left, I have an unfinished version. Let's see if we can finish this drawing. First of all, I'm going to zoom-in on this label. Notice this symbol right here.

This is a degree symbol. This line was drawn at an angle of 30 ?20'29" in a north-east direction. Let's zoom-out a little. Let's see if we can label this property line using the same text and symbol. I'll start by launching the Multiline Text tool. Then I'll specify my first corner. I'm going to select the midpoint of this line. Now I'd like my text to be aligned to this segment. So I'm going to right-click and select Rotation.

Then I'll select the endpoint of this line. As you can see my column is now aligned to that entity. I'm going to do one more thing. I'll right-click and select Justify. I'd like this text to be middle-center justified. Finally, I'll click to define the width of my column. Take a look at this. Even though, my text is rotated, the editor is displaying horizontal on the screen. Any time AutoCAD thinks the rotation angle is too steep. it will automatically rotate the editor to make the text easier to read.

I will now enter my label, north 30. Now I need to enter the Degrees symbol. Take a look at the Text Editor on the Ribbon. Right here, I've got a large Symbol icon. This is where I can find all of the special characters. I'll click to open this up. Let's take a look at these top three first. These are the ones that you'll use most often. Up here, I have a Degrees symbol, Plus/Minus and a Diameter. I'll select Degrees. You can see that symbol is incorporated into my text. Now I can finish this up, 20'29" East.

This line has distance of 168.79'. When I'm finished, I'll click on screen. Now my rotation is good, but my position is not. Let me click to select this text. Notice I get a grip at my justification point. That's the middle-center justification that I selected. I'll click to select this grip. I'd like to place this to the midpoint of this line. When I'm finished, I'll press Escape. Let's pan this up a little bit. I'd like to take care of this arc label next. Let's get a little closer. Take a look at this symbol. This is a delta.

This measurement represents the included angle of this arc. If you were to draw a line from this endpoint to the center of the arc to this endpoint, the angle of those two lines would measure 38?56'33". I'm going to back up, and we'll pan over and we'll create this label. I'll launch the Multiline Text tool. I'll click on then screen. Then I'll click again to define my column. This arc has a length of 80' and radius of 120.01'.

Now I need that Delta symbol. I'm going to move up and open the Symbol menu. This time let's take a look at the symbols beneath this horizontal line. This list represents industry specific symbols. These are standard symbols that are used by architects, civil and mechanical engineers, and surveyors. I'm going to select the Delta symbol. Then I'll continue working on my label. Now I need the Degree symbol. Let's go back. We'll open the menu and I'll select Degrees, 56'33".

Let's make this look a little bit closer to the example. I'll select the label, I'll this grip, and I'll move it over just a little bit. Now I would like to add one more symbol to this drawing. I'd like to create a Copyright symbol. To do that I'll launch the Multiline Text tool. I'll click and define my column width. I'll go back to the Symbol menu. Unfortunately, the Copyright symbol doesn't show up in this list. If I want something in addition to what I see here, I'll come down and select Other. This brings up the Character Map. Let me mention that my current text style is using the Aerial font.

This Character Map allows me to select any of the characters associated with that font or if I open up this flyout, any other font on my machine for that matter. I'm going to click-and-hold on this slider. Let me drag this down. You can see the Character list is quite extensive. We have a lot of choices. I'm going to drag this back to the top. Let me also mention that these characters are a little bit small. If you click to select a character, AutoCAD will blow it up. So it's little bit easier to see. The Copyright symbol is right here. I'll select this. Then I'll click the Select button.

This moves the character down into the Characters to copy area. From here I'll click the Copy button. This copies the character to my window's clipboard. I'll click the X to close the Character Map. Then I'll paste the symbol into the editor by pressing Ctrl+V. Now as a courtesy, AutoCAD has given me carriage return. I'm going to click to place my cursor right after this symbol. I'll type Copyright 2010. While AutoCAD will probably never have all of the symbols that we could possibly need, they have gone a long way to provide us with many of the industry standard symbols that we use on a regular basis.

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This video is part of

Image for AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training
AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training

100 video lessons · 20706 viewers

Jeff Bartels
Author

 
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  1. 2m 8s
    1. Welcome
      1m 29s
    2. Using the exercise files
      39s
  2. 23m 33s
    1. Understanding model space
      3m 44s
    2. Accessing AutoCAD's tools
      3m 2s
    3. Leveraging dockable palettes
      3m 1s
    4. Monitoring the Status bar
      1m 28s
    5. Understanding the anatomy of a command
      2m 14s
    6. Customizing AutoCAD's preferences
      3m 13s
    7. Accessing help
      3m 38s
    8. Saving a workspace
      3m 13s
  3. 19m 42s
    1. Opening an AutoCAD drawing
      3m 2s
    2. Understanding mouse functions
      2m 44s
    3. Zooming, panning, and regenning
      4m 24s
    4. Working in a multiple-document environment
      2m 39s
    5. Saving your work
      2m 29s
    6. Saving time with templates
      4m 24s
  4. 14m 35s
    1. Constructing lines
      2m 20s
    2. Locking angles with the Ortho and Polar modes
      4m 49s
    3. Drawing circles
      4m 10s
    4. Activating the Heads-Up Display
      3m 16s
  5. 14m 48s
    1. Defining a unit of measure
      6m 28s
    2. Constructing geometry using architectural measurements
      4m 6s
    3. Working with metric units
      4m 14s
  6. 23m 45s
    1. Understanding the Cartesian coordinate system
      4m 53s
    2. Locking to geometry using object snaps
      7m 42s
    3. Automating object snap selection
      7m 26s
    4. Using temporary tracking to find points in space
      3m 44s
  7. 19m 30s
    1. Drawing rectangles
      4m 56s
    2. Drawing polygons
      3m 4s
    3. Creating an ellipse
      5m 9s
    4. Organizing with hatch patterns
      6m 21s
  8. 29m 46s
    1. Making geometric changes using the property changer
      3m 38s
    2. Moving and copying elements
      4m 28s
    3. Rotating elements
      3m 48s
    4. Trimming and extending geometry
      5m 10s
    5. Creating offsets
      6m 16s
    6. Erasing elements
      2m 46s
    7. Undoing and redoing actions
      3m 40s
  9. 11m 52s
    1. Selecting objects using windows
      3m 46s
    2. Adding and removing from selections
      3m 43s
    3. Using keyboard shortcuts
      4m 23s
  10. 51m 12s
    1. Creating fillets
      3m 52s
    2. Creating chamfers
      3m 51s
    3. Copying objects into a rotated pattern
      4m 20s
    4. Copying objects into a rectangular pattern
      4m 58s
    5. Stretching elements
      4m 4s
    6. Creating mirrored copies
      2m 12s
    7. Scaling elements
      5m 0s
    8. Leveraging grips
      7m 20s
    9. Exploding elements
      5m 47s
    10. Joining elements together
      3m 44s
    11. Editing hatch patterns
      6m 4s
  11. 32m 19s
    1. Understanding layers
      2m 43s
    2. Creating and adjusting layers
      7m 20s
    3. Using layers to organize a drawing
      9m 17s
    4. Changing popular settings using the layer control
      3m 30s
    5. Understanding the BYLAYER property
      3m 37s
    6. Restoring previous layer states
      3m 42s
    7. Using existing geometry to set the current layer
      2m 10s
  12. 37m 43s
    1. Creating single-line text
      3m 11s
    2. Justifying text
      5m 18s
    3. Controlling appearance using text styles
      6m 10s
    4. Annotating with multi-line text
      5m 10s
    5. Editing text
      4m 32s
    6. Creating bulleted and numbered lists
      3m 29s
    7. Incorporating symbols
      5m 28s
    8. Correcting spelling errors
      4m 25s
  13. 28m 37s
    1. Creating general dimensions
      4m 13s
    2. Creating continuous and baseline dimensions
      2m 13s
    3. Controlling appearance using dimension styles
      4m 57s
    4. Modifying dimensions
      6m 6s
    5. Creating multileaders
      2m 53s
    6. Controlling appearance using multileader styles
      3m 23s
    7. Modifying multileaders
      4m 52s
  14. 25m 19s
    1. Inserting blocks
      4m 34s
    2. Creating blocks
      6m 41s
    3. Leveraging blocks
      5m 39s
    4. Redefining blocks
      3m 1s
    5. Building a block library
      5m 24s
  15. 13m 50s
    1. Querying a drawing using rollover tooltips
      2m 9s
    2. Taking measurements using the Distance command
      3m 2s
    3. Modifying properties using the Quick Properties tool
      4m 25s
    4. Automating calculations using the Quick Calculator feature
      4m 14s
  16. 36m 6s
    1. Creating quick plots
      6m 4s
    2. Selecting a pen table
      5m 48s
    3. Choosing line weights
      4m 32s
    4. Creating a layout, pt. 1: Choosing a paper size
      2m 42s
    5. Creating a layout, pt. 2: Inserting a title block
      2m 29s
    6. Creating a layout, pt. 3: Cutting viewports
      6m 9s
    7. Reusing layouts
      4m 3s
    8. Organizing layouts
      4m 19s
  17. 16m 49s
    1. Using the Annotative property to automatically size text
      4m 13s
    2. Using the Annotative property to automatically size dimensions
      4m 34s
    3. Using the Annotative property to automatically size multileaders
      3m 58s
    4. Changing the scale assigned to annotations
      4m 4s
  18. 6m 56s
    1. Saving drawings to other formats
      2m 27s
    2. Plotting to the Design Web format
      2m 15s
    3. Plotting to PDF
      1m 20s
    4. Sending drawings via email
      54s
  19. 22s
    1. Goodbye
      22s

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