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Join Jeff Bartels as he covers the most important features of this industry-standard drafting and design application in AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training. This course begins with a tour of AutoCAD's interface and the tools used to create basic shapes. It then focuses on the methods used to modify and refine geometry while emphasizing accuracy and good habits to build a solid design foundation. The course covers using layers, line types, and colors to organize a drawing file and explains how to efficiently annotate a design and prepare it for final output. Throughout the title, Jeff shares industry techniques used in production and reinforces concepts using practical examples. Exercise files are included with the course.
Each discipline of drafting has its own unique symbology. Sometimes we need to incorporate these special symbols into our text. In this lesson, we're going to learn how to use these extra characters that we don't typically see on our keyboard. On my screen I have a surveying example. This is a drawing of a plot of survey. It's essentially a dimensioned property boundary. On the right, I have a finished example and on the left, I have an unfinished version. Let's see if we can finish this drawing. First of all, I'm going to zoom-in on this label. Notice this symbol right here.
This is a degree symbol. This line was drawn at an angle of 30 ?20'29" in a north-east direction. Let's zoom-out a little. Let's see if we can label this property line using the same text and symbol. I'll start by launching the Multiline Text tool. Then I'll specify my first corner. I'm going to select the midpoint of this line. Now I'd like my text to be aligned to this segment. So I'm going to right-click and select Rotation.
Then I'll select the endpoint of this line. As you can see my column is now aligned to that entity. I'm going to do one more thing. I'll right-click and select Justify. I'd like this text to be middle-center justified. Finally, I'll click to define the width of my column. Take a look at this. Even though, my text is rotated, the editor is displaying horizontal on the screen. Any time AutoCAD thinks the rotation angle is too steep. it will automatically rotate the editor to make the text easier to read.
I will now enter my label, north 30. Now I need to enter the Degrees symbol. Take a look at the Text Editor on the Ribbon. Right here, I've got a large Symbol icon. This is where I can find all of the special characters. I'll click to open this up. Let's take a look at these top three first. These are the ones that you'll use most often. Up here, I have a Degrees symbol, Plus/Minus and a Diameter. I'll select Degrees. You can see that symbol is incorporated into my text. Now I can finish this up, 20'29" East.
This line has distance of 168.79'. When I'm finished, I'll click on screen. Now my rotation is good, but my position is not. Let me click to select this text. Notice I get a grip at my justification point. That's the middle-center justification that I selected. I'll click to select this grip. I'd like to place this to the midpoint of this line. When I'm finished, I'll press Escape. Let's pan this up a little bit. I'd like to take care of this arc label next. Let's get a little closer. Take a look at this symbol. This is a delta.
This measurement represents the included angle of this arc. If you were to draw a line from this endpoint to the center of the arc to this endpoint, the angle of those two lines would measure 38?56'33". I'm going to back up, and we'll pan over and we'll create this label. I'll launch the Multiline Text tool. I'll click on then screen. Then I'll click again to define my column. This arc has a length of 80' and radius of 120.01'.
Now I need that Delta symbol. I'm going to move up and open the Symbol menu. This time let's take a look at the symbols beneath this horizontal line. This list represents industry specific symbols. These are standard symbols that are used by architects, civil and mechanical engineers, and surveyors. I'm going to select the Delta symbol. Then I'll continue working on my label. Now I need the Degree symbol. Let's go back. We'll open the menu and I'll select Degrees, 56'33".
Let's make this look a little bit closer to the example. I'll select the label, I'll this grip, and I'll move it over just a little bit. Now I would like to add one more symbol to this drawing. I'd like to create a Copyright symbol. To do that I'll launch the Multiline Text tool. I'll click and define my column width. I'll go back to the Symbol menu. Unfortunately, the Copyright symbol doesn't show up in this list. If I want something in addition to what I see here, I'll come down and select Other. This brings up the Character Map. Let me mention that my current text style is using the Aerial font.
This Character Map allows me to select any of the characters associated with that font or if I open up this flyout, any other font on my machine for that matter. I'm going to click-and-hold on this slider. Let me drag this down. You can see the Character list is quite extensive. We have a lot of choices. I'm going to drag this back to the top. Let me also mention that these characters are a little bit small. If you click to select a character, AutoCAD will blow it up. So it's little bit easier to see. The Copyright symbol is right here. I'll select this. Then I'll click the Select button.
This moves the character down into the Characters to copy area. From here I'll click the Copy button. This copies the character to my window's clipboard. I'll click the X to close the Character Map. Then I'll paste the symbol into the editor by pressing Ctrl+V. Now as a courtesy, AutoCAD has given me carriage return. I'm going to click to place my cursor right after this symbol. I'll type Copyright 2010. While AutoCAD will probably never have all of the symbols that we could possibly need, they have gone a long way to provide us with many of the industry standard symbols that we use on a regular basis.
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