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In AutoCAD 2011: Tips, Tricks, and Industry Secrets, Jeff Bartels shows AutoCAD users how to become more efficient power users, reducing the amount of time it takes to accomplish a task, increasing profit margins, and strengthening marketplace competitiveness. The course covers everything from shortcuts used in geometry creation, to program customization, to real world solutions to common problems. Interface customization, block and reference management skills, and express tool usage are also covered. Exercise files are included with the course.
One of the easiest ways to describe a design is by using a Legend. Legends provide a visual explanation of everything that's seen on a printed sheet. The difficult part about creating a legend is matching the size of the objects between model space and your layout. In this lesson we'll learn a quick way to create legends using the Change Space tool. On my screen, I have a drawing of a proposed landscape berm and all the plants that you see are being represented using blocks. let's take a look at the layout that's been set up for this drawing.
I have set up an 8.5x11 inch title block, if I double-click in the viewport, you can see I'm displaying my geometry at a scale of 1 inch equals 3 feet, let's double-click to jump out, and at this point I'm creating a legend to describe the various plantings. Now I've got one more plant to add, so I'm going to double-click in the viewport again and I will select one of these blocks. It looks like the block is called blackberry lily, so I'll press Escape and then I'll double-click to jump out.
Now here's the typical problem we run into when creating a legend. I'm going to click Insert, and then I'll select the blackberry lily block. I'll click OK and then I'll click to place this on the layout, and as you can see it's coming in a true size which is much larger than what I need on the paper. I could insert this at a smaller scale, but that would involve doing some math and I'd have to do it for every block that I use for the legend. Let's delete this.
Instead I'm going to simply pull one of the blocks through the Viewport onto my layout. To do that I'll double-click to get in the Viewport, I will then launch my Copy command and I'll copy one of these symbols over to the side to use for my legend. I will then open the Modify panel and I'll launch the Change Space command. Change Space allows me to move objects back and forth through a viewport. I will then select my block and press Enter and that's it. The block was moved onto the layout, it's now perfectly sized and I can drag this over and use it for my legend.
I'll grab the grip and I'll drag it right down here. As long as I'm at it, I'll launch the Copy command and I'll copy one of these text items down as well and we will label this. You know Change Space also works great if you'd like to match a hatch scale used in model space. As an example, let's create a legend item that identifies this mulch.
Once again I'll double-click to jump in the viewport, I'll launch my Copy command, and I will create a copy of this hatch pattern over to the side, such that I can use it for my legend. Next I'll launch the Change Space command, I'll select the hatch and I'll press Enter. This moves the hatch through the viewport onto my layout. Now I'll launch the Hatch command and I'll click inside this rectangle to define my boundary, and then I'll immediately come up and click Match Properties and I'll select the Hatch Pattern that I moved.
Finally I'll press Enter to accept the hatch and I don't need this pattern anymore, so I'll select it and I'll press Delete to remove it from the drawing. And I'm left with a perfectly scaled representation of the hatch that I'm using in model space. The Change Space command just might become one of your favorite tools. It definitely takes the math out of have legend creation, and it's the fastest way to move geometry back and forth between your Layouts and Model space.
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