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AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training
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Creating a layout, pt. 3: Cutting viewports


From:

AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training

with Jeff Bartels

Video: Creating a layout, pt. 3: Cutting viewports

Now that we have added a title block to our layout, we are ready to finalize our settings and create a Viewport, such that we can see our part and set it to a measurable scale. First of all, let's take a look at the geometry in this layout. Notice the geometry is displaying using the layer colors. Wouldn't it be nice if our layout displayed just like a plot preview? Let me show you how we can do that. I am going to right-click on the Layout name, and then I will select Page Setup Manager, and then I will select Modify. Now, we have already taken care of these plot settings ahead of time.
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  1. 2m 8s
    1. Welcome
      1m 29s
    2. Using the exercise files
      39s
  2. 23m 33s
    1. Understanding model space
      3m 44s
    2. Accessing AutoCAD's tools
      3m 2s
    3. Leveraging dockable palettes
      3m 1s
    4. Monitoring the Status bar
      1m 28s
    5. Understanding the anatomy of a command
      2m 14s
    6. Customizing AutoCAD's preferences
      3m 13s
    7. Accessing help
      3m 38s
    8. Saving a workspace
      3m 13s
  3. 19m 42s
    1. Opening an AutoCAD drawing
      3m 2s
    2. Understanding mouse functions
      2m 44s
    3. Zooming, panning, and regenning
      4m 24s
    4. Working in a multiple-document environment
      2m 39s
    5. Saving your work
      2m 29s
    6. Saving time with templates
      4m 24s
  4. 14m 35s
    1. Constructing lines
      2m 20s
    2. Locking angles with the Ortho and Polar modes
      4m 49s
    3. Drawing circles
      4m 10s
    4. Activating the Heads-Up Display
      3m 16s
  5. 14m 48s
    1. Defining a unit of measure
      6m 28s
    2. Constructing geometry using architectural measurements
      4m 6s
    3. Working with metric units
      4m 14s
  6. 23m 45s
    1. Understanding the Cartesian coordinate system
      4m 53s
    2. Locking to geometry using object snaps
      7m 42s
    3. Automating object snap selection
      7m 26s
    4. Using temporary tracking to find points in space
      3m 44s
  7. 19m 30s
    1. Drawing rectangles
      4m 56s
    2. Drawing polygons
      3m 4s
    3. Creating an ellipse
      5m 9s
    4. Organizing with hatch patterns
      6m 21s
  8. 29m 46s
    1. Making geometric changes using the property changer
      3m 38s
    2. Moving and copying elements
      4m 28s
    3. Rotating elements
      3m 48s
    4. Trimming and extending geometry
      5m 10s
    5. Creating offsets
      6m 16s
    6. Erasing elements
      2m 46s
    7. Undoing and redoing actions
      3m 40s
  9. 11m 52s
    1. Selecting objects using windows
      3m 46s
    2. Adding and removing from selections
      3m 43s
    3. Using keyboard shortcuts
      4m 23s
  10. 51m 12s
    1. Creating fillets
      3m 52s
    2. Creating chamfers
      3m 51s
    3. Copying objects into a rotated pattern
      4m 20s
    4. Copying objects into a rectangular pattern
      4m 58s
    5. Stretching elements
      4m 4s
    6. Creating mirrored copies
      2m 12s
    7. Scaling elements
      5m 0s
    8. Leveraging grips
      7m 20s
    9. Exploding elements
      5m 47s
    10. Joining elements together
      3m 44s
    11. Editing hatch patterns
      6m 4s
  11. 32m 19s
    1. Understanding layers
      2m 43s
    2. Creating and adjusting layers
      7m 20s
    3. Using layers to organize a drawing
      9m 17s
    4. Changing popular settings using the layer control
      3m 30s
    5. Understanding the BYLAYER property
      3m 37s
    6. Restoring previous layer states
      3m 42s
    7. Using existing geometry to set the current layer
      2m 10s
  12. 37m 43s
    1. Creating single-line text
      3m 11s
    2. Justifying text
      5m 18s
    3. Controlling appearance using text styles
      6m 10s
    4. Annotating with multi-line text
      5m 10s
    5. Editing text
      4m 32s
    6. Creating bulleted and numbered lists
      3m 29s
    7. Incorporating symbols
      5m 28s
    8. Correcting spelling errors
      4m 25s
  13. 28m 37s
    1. Creating general dimensions
      4m 13s
    2. Creating continuous and baseline dimensions
      2m 13s
    3. Controlling appearance using dimension styles
      4m 57s
    4. Modifying dimensions
      6m 6s
    5. Creating multileaders
      2m 53s
    6. Controlling appearance using multileader styles
      3m 23s
    7. Modifying multileaders
      4m 52s
  14. 25m 19s
    1. Inserting blocks
      4m 34s
    2. Creating blocks
      6m 41s
    3. Leveraging blocks
      5m 39s
    4. Redefining blocks
      3m 1s
    5. Building a block library
      5m 24s
  15. 13m 50s
    1. Querying a drawing using rollover tooltips
      2m 9s
    2. Taking measurements using the Distance command
      3m 2s
    3. Modifying properties using the Quick Properties tool
      4m 25s
    4. Automating calculations using the Quick Calculator feature
      4m 14s
  16. 36m 6s
    1. Creating quick plots
      6m 4s
    2. Selecting a pen table
      5m 48s
    3. Choosing line weights
      4m 32s
    4. Creating a layout, pt. 1: Choosing a paper size
      2m 42s
    5. Creating a layout, pt. 2: Inserting a title block
      2m 29s
    6. Creating a layout, pt. 3: Cutting viewports
      6m 9s
    7. Reusing layouts
      4m 3s
    8. Organizing layouts
      4m 19s
  17. 16m 49s
    1. Using the Annotative property to automatically size text
      4m 13s
    2. Using the Annotative property to automatically size dimensions
      4m 34s
    3. Using the Annotative property to automatically size multileaders
      3m 58s
    4. Changing the scale assigned to annotations
      4m 4s
  18. 6m 56s
    1. Saving drawings to other formats
      2m 27s
    2. Plotting to the Design Web format
      2m 15s
    3. Plotting to PDF
      1m 20s
    4. Sending drawings via email
      54s
  19. 22s
    1. Goodbye
      22s

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AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training
6h 48m Beginner Jul 30, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Join Jeff Bartels as he covers the most important features of this industry-standard drafting and design application in AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training. This course begins with a tour of AutoCAD's interface and the tools used to create basic shapes. It then focuses on the methods used to modify and refine geometry while emphasizing accuracy and good habits to build a solid design foundation. The course covers using layers, line types, and colors to organize a drawing file and explains how to efficiently annotate a design and prepare it for final output. Throughout the title, Jeff shares industry techniques used in production and reinforces concepts using practical examples. Exercise files are included with the course.

Topics include:
  • Understanding model space
  • Working in a multiple-document environment
  • Organizing drawings using layers
  • Creating basic geometry
  • Configuring units for architectural, civil, or metric work
  • Incorporating blocks (symbols) into a working file
  • Maintaining accuracy with coordinates and snaps
  • Creating annotations that automatically size themselves
  • Moving and copying elements
  • Transferring data between drawings
  • Preparing standardized layouts with title blocks
  • Sharing drawings
Subjects:
CAD 2D Drawing 3D Drawing
Software:
AutoCAD
Author:
Jeff Bartels

Creating a layout, pt. 3: Cutting viewports

Now that we have added a title block to our layout, we are ready to finalize our settings and create a Viewport, such that we can see our part and set it to a measurable scale. First of all, let's take a look at the geometry in this layout. Notice the geometry is displaying using the layer colors. Wouldn't it be nice if our layout displayed just like a plot preview? Let me show you how we can do that. I am going to right-click on the Layout name, and then I will select Page Setup Manager, and then I will select Modify. Now, we have already taken care of these plot settings ahead of time.

Let's take a look at the plot style table. I will open up this menu and I will select the monochrome pens, and notice that since I am using a layout, I have the option of displaying the plot styles. I will turn this feature on, I'll click OK, and close. Now, my geometry is displaying using the colors in the plot style table. We can take this concept even one step further. Maybe I would like to see my Lineweights as well. I can do that by adjusting a Mode setting in the Status Bar. I am going to come down and click this toggle.

this controls the display of the Lineweights. When I turn this on, we can see the Lineweights in the drawing, and now I am truly able to work in a plot preview style mode. At this point you may be asking yourself, where is our part in relation to this Layout tab? Let's take a look. I am going to come down to the lower left and I will click the Model tab, this returns me to Model Space, where my part geometry is located. Notice Model Space looks a little different now, because our Lineweight toggle is turned on. If you find the display of the Lineweights to be a problem, you can always turn them back off.

The Lineweights will plot just fine whether this toggle is turned on or not. I am going to leave mine on and then I will return to the Layout tab. Layouts sit on top of Model Space. So if I want to see my part, I need to cut a hole in this layout. This hole is called a Viewport, and if I am going to create a Viewport, I need to put it on a layer of its own. So I am going to open up the Layer Properties Manager and I'll click the New icon. I will call my layer Viewport, and then I will click the green check to set this layer Current, and I will return to the drawing.

To create the Viewport, I will click the View tab, and the tool I am looking for is down here in the Viewports Panel. Now, launching this command is essentially three clicks. I am going to click New, then Single, and then OK. Now, I will pick two points to define the rectangular shape of my Viewport. I am going to select the endpoint here and the endpoint here. Notice we can now see the part through this Viewport. A Viewport is a lot like a window into Model Space.

Watch this, if my cursor is inside the Viewport and I double click, AutoCAD gives me access to Model Space through the window. From here, I can pan, zoom. I can even work through this Viewport. It's a lot like reaching your hand through a window. In fact, we'll adjust the plotted scale of this geometry by adjusting the zoom factor. Now, I don't have to do that manually, instead, once I am in the Viewport, I am going to come down to the Viewport Scale Menu and I can set the Scale from here. Notice that I have several of the standard engineering and mechanical Scales at the top of the menu and I have several architectural Scales down here at the bottom.

Let's see if this drawing will fit in the Viewport at a Scale of 1:1. It looks like that will work nicely. I am going to pan this over and center it a little better in the Viewport. Once you finalize your Viewport, it's a good idea to come down and click this padlock to lock it. Otherwise, if you accidentally roll your scroll wheel, you will change the scale of the Viewport. You might think that you could roll the wheel back to fix this, unfortunately, it never works. The only way to correct the Scale is to come back to the Viewport Scale Menu and reselect the Scale from this list.

Now that I have set my Scale, I am going to come down and click this padlock to lock it, and from now on, if I pan or zoom in the Viewport, AutoCAD is going to pan and zoom the entire layout. If I would like to jump out of the Viewport, I am going to move my cursor outside the Viewport boundary and I will double click. Now my cursor is back on the Layout tab and I have access to all of the layout geometry and objects. I would like to do one more thing in keeping with my plot preview analogy. I would like to turn off this grid.

This grid is coming from Model Space and it really doesn't benefit me that much on the Layout tab, so I would like to turn it off. To do that, I will double click to jump into the Viewport, and then I'll come down to the Status Bar and I will click the Grid toggle to turn it off, and it will be turned off in this Viewport only. When I am finished, I'll double click outside the Viewport boundary to jump out. Now, remember when I created my Viewport, I put it on a layer of its own. You may be wondering why that's necessary? Let's take a look. I am going to go to the Home tab, and if I turn off the Viewport Layer, notice that the rectangle disappears and I don't have to worry about this Viewport showing up on my plots.

That's why it's a good idea to put it on a layer of its own. Now, I would like to do one more thing, I would like to rename this layout. Layout1 is kind of generic. To change the name, I will double click on it and I will call this Final Design, and I'll press Enter. When the time comes to plot this layout, remember that all of the plot settings have been taken care of ahead of time. All I have to do to send this to my printer is click Plot, and OK. And since I am plotting this to a PDF, I have to give it a file name.

I am saving this to my Desktop, and I will call the file final design, and I will click Save. On my screen is an example of the final plot. Layouts are the most powerful way of creating plots in AutoCAD. Their benefits even go beyond the Viewports, plot preview, and naming features that we have seen here. If we can incorporate layouts into our workflow, we have taken the first step towards using even more powerful features, like Sheet Sets, Page Setups, and Publishing.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training.


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Q: Despite following the tutorials, I am having trouble in AutoCAD Architecture 2011. I cannot copy basic line drawings of simple architecture from one file to another. I tile two AutoCAD documents open simultaneously and click on a geometry, let go, click again and hold and try to drag to the second document, but to no avail. What could be causing the problem?
A: There are a few possible solutions. At the command line, type "PICKFIRST" and press Enter. Make sure this variable is set to 1. If the value is set to 0 instead of 1, this would result in the problem described. Having PICKFIRST set to 1 (normally the default setting for "vanilla" AutoCAD) allows you to select an object first, and then launch an editing command (like Move or Rotate or Erase). Thus, you can work in both directions. Launch the Editing command first and then select objects, or visa versa. 
If PICKFIRST is not the issue, the problem might be something native to AutoCAD for Architecture, as there are some differences between that version and plain AutoCAD. Don't forget, you can also move geometry from one drawing to another by using Copy/Paste. Simply select your geometry and right-click, select copy, then click in your other drawing, right-click, and select Paste. Note that the Copy/Paste options are also available on the Home tab of the Ribbon. Copy/Paste should work regardless of your PICKFIRST setting.
 
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