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AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training
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Copying objects into a rectangular pattern


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AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training

with Jeff Bartels

Video: Copying objects into a rectangular pattern

The Array command can also be used to create copies that are arranged into columns and rows. In this lesson we are going to learn how to create a rectangular array. On my screen I have got some chairs. This chair on the left represents what I am starting with and these chairs on the right represent the array that I'd like to create. To copy my chair into rows and columns I am going to use the Array command. Array is located in the Modify panel of the Ribbon. I will click to launch the command and then I will make sure that my Array type is set to Rectangular.
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  1. 2m 8s
    1. Welcome
      1m 29s
    2. Using the exercise files
      39s
  2. 23m 33s
    1. Understanding model space
      3m 44s
    2. Accessing AutoCAD's tools
      3m 2s
    3. Leveraging dockable palettes
      3m 1s
    4. Monitoring the Status bar
      1m 28s
    5. Understanding the anatomy of a command
      2m 14s
    6. Customizing AutoCAD's preferences
      3m 13s
    7. Accessing help
      3m 38s
    8. Saving a workspace
      3m 13s
  3. 19m 42s
    1. Opening an AutoCAD drawing
      3m 2s
    2. Understanding mouse functions
      2m 44s
    3. Zooming, panning, and regenning
      4m 24s
    4. Working in a multiple-document environment
      2m 39s
    5. Saving your work
      2m 29s
    6. Saving time with templates
      4m 24s
  4. 14m 35s
    1. Constructing lines
      2m 20s
    2. Locking angles with the Ortho and Polar modes
      4m 49s
    3. Drawing circles
      4m 10s
    4. Activating the Heads-Up Display
      3m 16s
  5. 14m 48s
    1. Defining a unit of measure
      6m 28s
    2. Constructing geometry using architectural measurements
      4m 6s
    3. Working with metric units
      4m 14s
  6. 23m 45s
    1. Understanding the Cartesian coordinate system
      4m 53s
    2. Locking to geometry using object snaps
      7m 42s
    3. Automating object snap selection
      7m 26s
    4. Using temporary tracking to find points in space
      3m 44s
  7. 19m 30s
    1. Drawing rectangles
      4m 56s
    2. Drawing polygons
      3m 4s
    3. Creating an ellipse
      5m 9s
    4. Organizing with hatch patterns
      6m 21s
  8. 29m 46s
    1. Making geometric changes using the property changer
      3m 38s
    2. Moving and copying elements
      4m 28s
    3. Rotating elements
      3m 48s
    4. Trimming and extending geometry
      5m 10s
    5. Creating offsets
      6m 16s
    6. Erasing elements
      2m 46s
    7. Undoing and redoing actions
      3m 40s
  9. 11m 52s
    1. Selecting objects using windows
      3m 46s
    2. Adding and removing from selections
      3m 43s
    3. Using keyboard shortcuts
      4m 23s
  10. 51m 12s
    1. Creating fillets
      3m 52s
    2. Creating chamfers
      3m 51s
    3. Copying objects into a rotated pattern
      4m 20s
    4. Copying objects into a rectangular pattern
      4m 58s
    5. Stretching elements
      4m 4s
    6. Creating mirrored copies
      2m 12s
    7. Scaling elements
      5m 0s
    8. Leveraging grips
      7m 20s
    9. Exploding elements
      5m 47s
    10. Joining elements together
      3m 44s
    11. Editing hatch patterns
      6m 4s
  11. 32m 19s
    1. Understanding layers
      2m 43s
    2. Creating and adjusting layers
      7m 20s
    3. Using layers to organize a drawing
      9m 17s
    4. Changing popular settings using the layer control
      3m 30s
    5. Understanding the BYLAYER property
      3m 37s
    6. Restoring previous layer states
      3m 42s
    7. Using existing geometry to set the current layer
      2m 10s
  12. 37m 43s
    1. Creating single-line text
      3m 11s
    2. Justifying text
      5m 18s
    3. Controlling appearance using text styles
      6m 10s
    4. Annotating with multi-line text
      5m 10s
    5. Editing text
      4m 32s
    6. Creating bulleted and numbered lists
      3m 29s
    7. Incorporating symbols
      5m 28s
    8. Correcting spelling errors
      4m 25s
  13. 28m 37s
    1. Creating general dimensions
      4m 13s
    2. Creating continuous and baseline dimensions
      2m 13s
    3. Controlling appearance using dimension styles
      4m 57s
    4. Modifying dimensions
      6m 6s
    5. Creating multileaders
      2m 53s
    6. Controlling appearance using multileader styles
      3m 23s
    7. Modifying multileaders
      4m 52s
  14. 25m 19s
    1. Inserting blocks
      4m 34s
    2. Creating blocks
      6m 41s
    3. Leveraging blocks
      5m 39s
    4. Redefining blocks
      3m 1s
    5. Building a block library
      5m 24s
  15. 13m 50s
    1. Querying a drawing using rollover tooltips
      2m 9s
    2. Taking measurements using the Distance command
      3m 2s
    3. Modifying properties using the Quick Properties tool
      4m 25s
    4. Automating calculations using the Quick Calculator feature
      4m 14s
  16. 36m 6s
    1. Creating quick plots
      6m 4s
    2. Selecting a pen table
      5m 48s
    3. Choosing line weights
      4m 32s
    4. Creating a layout, pt. 1: Choosing a paper size
      2m 42s
    5. Creating a layout, pt. 2: Inserting a title block
      2m 29s
    6. Creating a layout, pt. 3: Cutting viewports
      6m 9s
    7. Reusing layouts
      4m 3s
    8. Organizing layouts
      4m 19s
  17. 16m 49s
    1. Using the Annotative property to automatically size text
      4m 13s
    2. Using the Annotative property to automatically size dimensions
      4m 34s
    3. Using the Annotative property to automatically size multileaders
      3m 58s
    4. Changing the scale assigned to annotations
      4m 4s
  18. 6m 56s
    1. Saving drawings to other formats
      2m 27s
    2. Plotting to the Design Web format
      2m 15s
    3. Plotting to PDF
      1m 20s
    4. Sending drawings via email
      54s
  19. 22s
    1. Goodbye
      22s

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AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training
6h 48m Beginner Jul 30, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Join Jeff Bartels as he covers the most important features of this industry-standard drafting and design application in AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training. This course begins with a tour of AutoCAD's interface and the tools used to create basic shapes. It then focuses on the methods used to modify and refine geometry while emphasizing accuracy and good habits to build a solid design foundation. The course covers using layers, line types, and colors to organize a drawing file and explains how to efficiently annotate a design and prepare it for final output. Throughout the title, Jeff shares industry techniques used in production and reinforces concepts using practical examples. Exercise files are included with the course.

Topics include:
  • Understanding model space
  • Working in a multiple-document environment
  • Organizing drawings using layers
  • Creating basic geometry
  • Configuring units for architectural, civil, or metric work
  • Incorporating blocks (symbols) into a working file
  • Maintaining accuracy with coordinates and snaps
  • Creating annotations that automatically size themselves
  • Moving and copying elements
  • Transferring data between drawings
  • Preparing standardized layouts with title blocks
  • Sharing drawings
Subjects:
CAD 2D Drawing 3D Drawing
Software:
AutoCAD
Author:
Jeff Bartels

Copying objects into a rectangular pattern

The Array command can also be used to create copies that are arranged into columns and rows. In this lesson we are going to learn how to create a rectangular array. On my screen I have got some chairs. This chair on the left represents what I am starting with and these chairs on the right represent the array that I'd like to create. To copy my chair into rows and columns I am going to use the Array command. Array is located in the Modify panel of the Ribbon. I will click to launch the command and then I will make sure that my Array type is set to Rectangular.

I will come down here and click Select Objects and then I will select the object I'd like to copy and right-click. Let me move this over a little bit, and how many rows do we want? The rows go left to right. In this case, I want 4 rows. So I am going to accept the default value. It looks like I need 3 columns. So I am going to change this to 3 and I will press Tab to accept this value. Notice as I make my changes we can see the preview update over here.

Now, how far apart are the rows and columns? I can see my Row offset is 42 inches. That is a center to center distance, not necessarily the walking space in between these chairs. So I will change my Row offset to 42 inches. Could I also enter 3 foot 6 inches? Yes, I could. That will also work. In fact, when I click in the Column offset you will see AutoCAD will make that change for me. My column offset is going to be 36 inches or 3 feet.

I will press Tab to accept that value and at this point I will move down and click Preview to take a look at my array. Now, if I like this, I can right-click to accept it. If not, I can press the Escape key to adjust my settings. Since I have built this array from dimensions, I know this is perfect. So I am going to right-click to accept it. Now that we understand the workflow behind the rectangular array, let's try and use the tool in a practical example. On my screen I have a design for a bookshelf and I would like the shelves in this bookshelf to be adjustable.

To accomplish this I am going to drill some holes in the inside of these faces. I will then be placing 3/8 inch dowels into these holes to hold up the shelves and I'd like to create a pattern of holes such that I can adjust the shelves in 3 inch increments. Now, I have got a finished example of what I am looking for right here. Let's see if we can replicate this rectangular array on this unfinished board. The first thing I am going to do is place the hole in the lower left corner. To do that, I will use my Offset command.

My Offset distance is going to be 3 inches and I will offset this edge to the inside and I will press Escape. Now, I am going to offset this lower edge up, 12 inches. So I will press the Spacebar to go back into the Offset command. I will type 12 inches and I will offset this line up and then I will hit Escape. Now, I will launch the Circle command and I will place the circle to the intersection right here and this circle has a diameter of 3/8th of an inch.

So I am going to right-click and select Diameter from the menu. I will type 3/8 inch and I will hit Enter. Now this hole is quite small. To make this a little easier to see I am going to eliminate my sketch geometry. I will do that by launching the eRase command, I will select both of these lines and I will hit Enter. Alright, let's complete the rest of the copies using a rectangular array. I will launch the Array command. This is going to be a rectangular array. I will click Select Objects and I will select my circle and right-click.

Let's move this over a little bit. Now how many rows do I want? There are 13 sets of holes. So I am going to have 13 rows, I have 2 columns. Let's take a look at Row offset, how far are the rows apart? We can see that right here, 3 inches. I will enter my row offsets. Finally, how far are my columns apart? We can see that value right here. I will set my Column offset to 10 inches.

Now that I am finished, I will click Preview. That looks perfect. If I like this I can right-click to accept it or I could always press my Escape key if I wanted to explore other options. What if I wanted my shelves to be adjustable at every 2 inch increments? Let's click Preview. We can see the difference. I am going to put things back the way they were. I will press Escape and I will change this back to 3 and I will click OK to accept it. As you can see a rectangular array is yet another way to create copies of your entities.

It's the perfect tool to use when your copies are arranged in columns and rows.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training.


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Q: Despite following the tutorials, I am having trouble in AutoCAD Architecture 2011. I cannot copy basic line drawings of simple architecture from one file to another. I tile two AutoCAD documents open simultaneously and click on a geometry, let go, click again and hold and try to drag to the second document, but to no avail. What could be causing the problem?
A: There are a few possible solutions. At the command line, type "PICKFIRST" and press Enter. Make sure this variable is set to 1. If the value is set to 0 instead of 1, this would result in the problem described. Having PICKFIRST set to 1 (normally the default setting for "vanilla" AutoCAD) allows you to select an object first, and then launch an editing command (like Move or Rotate or Erase). Thus, you can work in both directions. Launch the Editing command first and then select objects, or visa versa. 
If PICKFIRST is not the issue, the problem might be something native to AutoCAD for Architecture, as there are some differences between that version and plain AutoCAD. Don't forget, you can also move geometry from one drawing to another by using Copy/Paste. Simply select your geometry and right-click, select copy, then click in your other drawing, right-click, and select Paste. Note that the Copy/Paste options are also available on the Home tab of the Ribbon. Copy/Paste should work regardless of your PICKFIRST setting.
 
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