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AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training
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Choosing line weights


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AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training

with Jeff Bartels

Video: Choosing line weights

Since we are getting into the topic of plotting, it's important to take a minute and talk about Lineweights. Our Lineweight setting controls the thickness of the line work when it's printed on paper. In this lesson, we are going to learn how to set Lineweights. On my screen, I have a mechanical example, and this drawing is essentially finished, but before I print it, I would like to visit the Layer Properties Manager. Let's pan this over, and then I will open the Manager. And notice that all of the layers in this drawing are currently set to a Lineweight of default.
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  1. 2m 8s
    1. Welcome
      1m 29s
    2. Using the exercise files
      39s
  2. 23m 33s
    1. Understanding model space
      3m 44s
    2. Accessing AutoCAD's tools
      3m 2s
    3. Leveraging dockable palettes
      3m 1s
    4. Monitoring the Status bar
      1m 28s
    5. Understanding the anatomy of a command
      2m 14s
    6. Customizing AutoCAD's preferences
      3m 13s
    7. Accessing help
      3m 38s
    8. Saving a workspace
      3m 13s
  3. 19m 42s
    1. Opening an AutoCAD drawing
      3m 2s
    2. Understanding mouse functions
      2m 44s
    3. Zooming, panning, and regenning
      4m 24s
    4. Working in a multiple-document environment
      2m 39s
    5. Saving your work
      2m 29s
    6. Saving time with templates
      4m 24s
  4. 14m 35s
    1. Constructing lines
      2m 20s
    2. Locking angles with the Ortho and Polar modes
      4m 49s
    3. Drawing circles
      4m 10s
    4. Activating the Heads-Up Display
      3m 16s
  5. 14m 48s
    1. Defining a unit of measure
      6m 28s
    2. Constructing geometry using architectural measurements
      4m 6s
    3. Working with metric units
      4m 14s
  6. 23m 45s
    1. Understanding the Cartesian coordinate system
      4m 53s
    2. Locking to geometry using object snaps
      7m 42s
    3. Automating object snap selection
      7m 26s
    4. Using temporary tracking to find points in space
      3m 44s
  7. 19m 30s
    1. Drawing rectangles
      4m 56s
    2. Drawing polygons
      3m 4s
    3. Creating an ellipse
      5m 9s
    4. Organizing with hatch patterns
      6m 21s
  8. 29m 46s
    1. Making geometric changes using the property changer
      3m 38s
    2. Moving and copying elements
      4m 28s
    3. Rotating elements
      3m 48s
    4. Trimming and extending geometry
      5m 10s
    5. Creating offsets
      6m 16s
    6. Erasing elements
      2m 46s
    7. Undoing and redoing actions
      3m 40s
  9. 11m 52s
    1. Selecting objects using windows
      3m 46s
    2. Adding and removing from selections
      3m 43s
    3. Using keyboard shortcuts
      4m 23s
  10. 51m 12s
    1. Creating fillets
      3m 52s
    2. Creating chamfers
      3m 51s
    3. Copying objects into a rotated pattern
      4m 20s
    4. Copying objects into a rectangular pattern
      4m 58s
    5. Stretching elements
      4m 4s
    6. Creating mirrored copies
      2m 12s
    7. Scaling elements
      5m 0s
    8. Leveraging grips
      7m 20s
    9. Exploding elements
      5m 47s
    10. Joining elements together
      3m 44s
    11. Editing hatch patterns
      6m 4s
  11. 32m 19s
    1. Understanding layers
      2m 43s
    2. Creating and adjusting layers
      7m 20s
    3. Using layers to organize a drawing
      9m 17s
    4. Changing popular settings using the layer control
      3m 30s
    5. Understanding the BYLAYER property
      3m 37s
    6. Restoring previous layer states
      3m 42s
    7. Using existing geometry to set the current layer
      2m 10s
  12. 37m 43s
    1. Creating single-line text
      3m 11s
    2. Justifying text
      5m 18s
    3. Controlling appearance using text styles
      6m 10s
    4. Annotating with multi-line text
      5m 10s
    5. Editing text
      4m 32s
    6. Creating bulleted and numbered lists
      3m 29s
    7. Incorporating symbols
      5m 28s
    8. Correcting spelling errors
      4m 25s
  13. 28m 37s
    1. Creating general dimensions
      4m 13s
    2. Creating continuous and baseline dimensions
      2m 13s
    3. Controlling appearance using dimension styles
      4m 57s
    4. Modifying dimensions
      6m 6s
    5. Creating multileaders
      2m 53s
    6. Controlling appearance using multileader styles
      3m 23s
    7. Modifying multileaders
      4m 52s
  14. 25m 19s
    1. Inserting blocks
      4m 34s
    2. Creating blocks
      6m 41s
    3. Leveraging blocks
      5m 39s
    4. Redefining blocks
      3m 1s
    5. Building a block library
      5m 24s
  15. 13m 50s
    1. Querying a drawing using rollover tooltips
      2m 9s
    2. Taking measurements using the Distance command
      3m 2s
    3. Modifying properties using the Quick Properties tool
      4m 25s
    4. Automating calculations using the Quick Calculator feature
      4m 14s
  16. 36m 6s
    1. Creating quick plots
      6m 4s
    2. Selecting a pen table
      5m 48s
    3. Choosing line weights
      4m 32s
    4. Creating a layout, pt. 1: Choosing a paper size
      2m 42s
    5. Creating a layout, pt. 2: Inserting a title block
      2m 29s
    6. Creating a layout, pt. 3: Cutting viewports
      6m 9s
    7. Reusing layouts
      4m 3s
    8. Organizing layouts
      4m 19s
  17. 16m 49s
    1. Using the Annotative property to automatically size text
      4m 13s
    2. Using the Annotative property to automatically size dimensions
      4m 34s
    3. Using the Annotative property to automatically size multileaders
      3m 58s
    4. Changing the scale assigned to annotations
      4m 4s
  18. 6m 56s
    1. Saving drawings to other formats
      2m 27s
    2. Plotting to the Design Web format
      2m 15s
    3. Plotting to PDF
      1m 20s
    4. Sending drawings via email
      54s
  19. 22s
    1. Goodbye
      22s

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AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training
6h 48m Beginner Jul 30, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Join Jeff Bartels as he covers the most important features of this industry-standard drafting and design application in AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training. This course begins with a tour of AutoCAD's interface and the tools used to create basic shapes. It then focuses on the methods used to modify and refine geometry while emphasizing accuracy and good habits to build a solid design foundation. The course covers using layers, line types, and colors to organize a drawing file and explains how to efficiently annotate a design and prepare it for final output. Throughout the title, Jeff shares industry techniques used in production and reinforces concepts using practical examples. Exercise files are included with the course.

Topics include:
  • Understanding model space
  • Working in a multiple-document environment
  • Organizing drawings using layers
  • Creating basic geometry
  • Configuring units for architectural, civil, or metric work
  • Incorporating blocks (symbols) into a working file
  • Maintaining accuracy with coordinates and snaps
  • Creating annotations that automatically size themselves
  • Moving and copying elements
  • Transferring data between drawings
  • Preparing standardized layouts with title blocks
  • Sharing drawings
Subjects:
CAD 2D Drawing 3D Drawing
Software:
AutoCAD
Author:
Jeff Bartels

Choosing line weights

Since we are getting into the topic of plotting, it's important to take a minute and talk about Lineweights. Our Lineweight setting controls the thickness of the line work when it's printed on paper. In this lesson, we are going to learn how to set Lineweights. On my screen, I have a mechanical example, and this drawing is essentially finished, but before I print it, I would like to visit the Layer Properties Manager. Let's pan this over, and then I will open the Manager. And notice that all of the layers in this drawing are currently set to a Lineweight of default.

That means when I print this drawing, all of the lines are going to have the same thickness. Now, typically we use Lineweights to emphasize the important parts of our drawing. For instance, I would the geometry of my part to plot using a heavier Lineweight than my dimensions. And I would like my dimensions to plot using a heavier Lineweight than my center lines. So let's change some of these weights. To do that, I will reopen the Manager, and I will come down and select one of these Lineweight settings, and using this dialog box, I can select from any of these other thicknesses.

Now, here is my problem, I don't know the thickness of the default Lineweight, so how do I know if I am picking something heavier or thinner than what I already have? Second of all, this drawing was set to be Decimal Inches, and AutoCAD is showing me these Lineweights using Millimeters. I am going to click Cancel and let's see if we can get some answers to these questions. I am going to visit the Options dialog box. I will right-click and select Options from the menu. Then I will set the User Preferences tab Current, and I will come down and click the Lineweight Settings button.

This is where we can get our answers. Notice that AutoCAD is defaulting to Millimeters for the Lineweights. If I want, I can select Inches to see the Inches equivalents of these weights. Now, Millimeters has always been the default measurement, so I am going to set this back the way it was. And notice that the default Lineweight measures 0.25 Millimeters. If I wanted to, I could open this flyout and select a different default measurement. I am going to leave this setting alone, for right now at least we know what the default width is.

Since I haven't made any changes, I am going to click Cancel and then Cancel to close these dialog boxes. Let's reopen the Layer Properties Manager, and I am going to start by setting a printed Lineweight for my part geometry. Now, my geometry is on three different layers, so I am going to select the trigger layer, then I will hold my Ctrl key and select the controller layer and then the buttons layer. By holding Ctrl, I'm able to select more than one layer at a time. Then I will come down to the Lineweight Setting and click, and I am going to give my part geometry a plotted line thickness of .6 Millimeters, and I will click OK.

Now, I would like the dimensions to plot a little bit thinner than the part, so I will select the dimensions layer and I will give this a Lineweight of .20. Finally, I would like my center lines to be a little thinner than the dimensions, so I will select that layer and I will give this a Lineweight of .13 millimeters. I am not concerned about the Lineweight of the Defpoints layer, because that layer won't plot anyway. And I am not concerned about the Lineweight for layer 0, there is no geometry on that layer.

I am going to move off of the palette and let it collapse. And I will center this geometry. And to see the Lineweights in action, let's take a look at a Plot Preview. I will launch the Plot command, then I will select my Printer, I am going to use the DWG To PDF virtual printer. I am going to go with and 8. 50 x 11.00 Inch size sheet. I will define my plottable area using a Window. I will click to the upper left, and then I will come down and click to the lower right.

I would like to center my plot on the paper and then I will turn off the Fit to paper setting, and let's see if this will fit on the sheet at a scale of 1:1. It looks like that will work nicely. As you can see, I am using the monochrome pens. Let's come down and click Preview. Notice that you can see the Lineweights as they will appear on the final plot. Creative use of Lineweights is a great way to create visual interest and draw attention to specific areas of your drawing.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about AutoCAD 2011 Essential Training.


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Q: Despite following the tutorials, I am having trouble in AutoCAD Architecture 2011. I cannot copy basic line drawings of simple architecture from one file to another. I tile two AutoCAD documents open simultaneously and click on a geometry, let go, click again and hold and try to drag to the second document, but to no avail. What could be causing the problem?
A: There are a few possible solutions. At the command line, type "PICKFIRST" and press Enter. Make sure this variable is set to 1. If the value is set to 0 instead of 1, this would result in the problem described. Having PICKFIRST set to 1 (normally the default setting for "vanilla" AutoCAD) allows you to select an object first, and then launch an editing command (like Move or Rotate or Erase). Thus, you can work in both directions. Launch the Editing command first and then select objects, or visa versa. 
If PICKFIRST is not the issue, the problem might be something native to AutoCAD for Architecture, as there are some differences between that version and plain AutoCAD. Don't forget, you can also move geometry from one drawing to another by using Copy/Paste. Simply select your geometry and right-click, select copy, then click in your other drawing, right-click, and select Paste. Note that the Copy/Paste options are also available on the Home tab of the Ribbon. Copy/Paste should work regardless of your PICKFIRST setting.
 
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