iPad Music Production: Auria
Illustration by John Hersey

Understanding the master channel


From:

iPad Music Production: Auria

with Garrick Chow

Video: Understanding the master channel

So we've seen that the process of mixing can involve many different tools and techniques and that the goal is to produce the most pleasing and professional sounding combination of all the tracks as you can. And the final stop in the mixing process is the Master Channel found at the very far right of the Mix window. This is where everything ends up. Everything you have done to the individual tracks, from setting their levels to panning, to any effects you have applied, they are all routed and summed to the master track. The same goes for any subgroups you've created. Basically, any sound you work with goes to the master track, and looking at the master channel, there really isn't too much to see here. We have a fader which controls the master level of your project.

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Watch the Online Video Course iPad Music Production: Auria
2h 41m Beginner Feb 28, 2013 Updated Jul 19, 2013

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Auria is the first major digital audio workstation designed specifically for the Apple iPad, and in this course, author and professional musician Garrick Chow demonstrates how to use its recording, editing, and mixing tools to create great-sounding music. First, Garrick reviews the hardware you'll need to start capturing audio, from microphones to cables and input devices. He then demonstrates how to record anything from a single audio track to a complete multitrack capture of a live band performance, or import audio from other iPad apps with Audiobus. He also shows you how to edit your tracks by adding splits and trims, apply effects, and use automation to create a final mix. Plus, learn to take snapshots so you can save your mix in different states along the way. Last, Garrick reviews the options for exporting your project from Auria in several formats to share it with the world.

This course will be updated regularly as new features are added to Auria, so check back often. Working with a different app? Check out other installments in this series, including iPad Music Production: GarageBand and iPad Music Production: AmpliTube.

Topics include:
  • Creating a new project
  • Importing audio
  • Using external audio inputs
  • Recording tracks
  • Using Auto-Punch
  • Overdubbing a track
  • Trimming regions and adding fades
  • Using auxiliaries
  • Using automation
  • Creating snapshots
  • Exporting your project
Subject:
Audio + Music
Software:
Auria
Author:
Garrick Chow

Understanding the master channel

So we've seen that the process of mixing can involve many different tools and techniques and that the goal is to produce the most pleasing and professional sounding combination of all the tracks as you can. And the final stop in the mixing process is the Master Channel found at the very far right of the Mix window. This is where everything ends up. Everything you have done to the individual tracks, from setting their levels to panning, to any effects you have applied, they are all routed and summed to the master track. The same goes for any subgroups you've created. Basically, any sound you work with goes to the master track, and looking at the master channel, there really isn't too much to see here. We have a fader which controls the master level of your project.

(music playing) There is a Meter button, which displays a detailed master channel meter. The meter displays both peak and RMS info, with RMS on the outside meters and peak in the middle. (music playing) This can give you a much more accurate view of the levels you're hitting in your mix. Also in the master channel we have the auxiliary FX styles which we saw how to use earlier.

We have Automation buttons, so like the other tracks you can automate move on the master track. And we have an FX button, which opens the PSP MasterStrip. This way you can apply effects to your final mix. Now frequently you want to apply some overall EQ or compression to your mix as a whole, and this is where you'll do that. You also have access to four inserts again, so if you want, you can apply Reverb or other Effects to the entire mix. So the basic idea with the Master Channel is to set the project's overall levels. This basically means to make sure the mix is loud enough but not clipping.

You can use the Meter to make sure the last parts of the project aren't going over 0dB. Let me just rewind a little bit here. (music playing) Now you probably saw as I brought the fader up, the clip indicator lights appeared, indicating that I brought that fader up too high, so I had to pull it back a little bit.

Now if your RMX is the last step in your process for this particular song, for instance, if you plan to export and share directly from here, try to get the level as close to 0dB as you can without going over and clipping. You may need to use additional compression on the master channel to get there. Ideally, the levels you set with the individual track faders to get you pretty close to that point with the master fader at 0, but you can nudge it up or down a little bit to finesse the levels. Now we haven't gotten into the specific details of mixing here, but be sure to check out a course like Audio Mixing Bootcamp for a much closer and detailed look at the mixing process where you'll learn valuable skills that can be applied not only to Auria but to any digital audio editing workstation.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about iPad Music Production: Auria .


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Q: This course was updated on 7/19/2013. What changed?
A: We added new videos, and re-recorded some other ones, to reflect changes to Auria, including time stretching and the ability to take snapshots of your mixes. We also included information on how to deal with anticipated updates to Auria and make sure our training is always up to date.
 
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