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Now let's take a deeper look at the interface elements and controls that you'll need to be familiar with in a Multitrack Session. I still have the Podcast Episode 1 Multitrack Session open. And in case if you haven't noticed yet, take a look at the controls for each track. The thing to bear in mind here is that each track has identical controls and options. So this isn't as complicated to use as it might look at first. Also if you're not seeing the same controls in your screen here, remember, you can use the scroll wheel on your mouse to increase or decrease the height of the tracks, to make sure your mouse is over one of the tracks when you scroll. If you don't have a scroll wheel, you can click and drag the border between the tracks to adjust one track's size or hold Shift while doing so to adjust them all simultaneously.
And remember, if you have a scroll wheel, if you want to scroll up and down in tracks themselves, place your cursor over the track area. Place your mouse over the clips area, not the tracks. Now sometimes it's more important to see more of your tracks all at once, so you might want to use the most narrow of setting, while other times you'll need to access all the options, so you want to adjust the sizing appropriately. So let's go through some of these controls here. First of all we have the M, S, R, and I buttons here. M stands for Mute, and clicking it completely silences the track. It's useful when you want to listen to all or most of all the other tracks.
In this case just mute the ones that you don't want to hear. For example, maybe you're hearing a weird noise like a background hum or a click; you could go through each of the tracks one by one to see which one is making the sound go away when you click the mute button. Notice that muting a track makes its clips go gray, which is a good thing because sometimes you'll forget that you muted a track and the clips being gray is easier to notice than this tiny M button being clicked. The S button stands for Solo, and it's the opposite of mute. Soloing a track mutes all the other tracks that aren't also soloed. This is a quick way to check out a single track, although like muting, you can also solo a multiple tracks.
But notice also that soloing a track turns all of the other tracks gray. As we've previously seen, R stands for Record. In order to record to a track, you have to click R to record enable it. You can also enable multiple tracks for recording, but you need hardware that supports Multitrack recording so you can select different inputs on each track. We'll talk about inputs a little bit later. And I is for the Monitor Input button, which we'll use if you need to be able to listen to the track you're recording to while you're recording it. And it's only available when the R button is enabled.
If I disable it, notice that the I goes gray. We've already seen how to rename tracks simply by clicking on the name, I won't do that right now. Now below that we have the Volume and Panning controls. Volume controls the overall level of the track, and you can drag it left and right to make the volume quieter or louder. That's what I did with the music bed here, I dragged it way down, so it wasn't louder than my vocal track. You also have the Pan tool available if you're working on a stereo file. This lets you to move the sounds towards the left or right channels. I'm going to solo up the music and just make it a little bit louder here, and I'll play a few seconds--well, a few seconds is all I have right now--but you should be able to hear the difference as I move the Pan from left to right.
It'll be especially noticeable if you're wearing headphones. (audio playing) Now if you hold down Shift, you'll be able to pan more quickly. Notice I had to drag all the way to the extreme left and right together all the way to the extreme left and right. But if I hold down Shift, it jumps very quickly. There's very little movement needed for that. Now at the Dead Center, or 0, your audio is equally balanced within both channels.
And probably the easiest way to get that center is just to select the text here and type 0. Now it doesn't matter whether the audio clip on the track you're adjusting is itself mono or stereo either. The Pan effects the tracks placement in the master mix. And because I set this up as a stereo file, I have Pan Controls for each track. On stereo tracks you'll also see this Sum to Mono button. I can say this is a stereo track because I have two waveforms. This vocal recording here is just a mono track so it doesn't have that Sum to Mono button. But what the Sum to Mono button does is that it lets you take a stereo track and play it back as a mono signal.
So I'll go ahead and play the music again, and I'll toggle this a few times and you should be able to hear the difference. (audio playing) So you should have been able to hear the difference between the mono and stereo version there. All right, so the items that appear under the Volume and Pan controls depend on what you have selected up here. Right now, I have Inputs/Outputs selected, and that gives me the controls for managing how sounds are getting into and out of the tracks.
Again, I might not see them all unless I expand the track I'm working on like this. So I think effects, gives me a smaller version of the Effects Rack which we learned how to use over here. Now when using effects on a track, you probably want to increase the height of the tracks. Just like in the Effects Rack, you can add up to 16 different effects per track. So the difference here is that the effects you add to a track affect only that track. When you use the Effects Rack in Multitrack mode, it affects the entire mix, meaning all of the tracks at once. If you want an effect that only affects the track, you do it over here, under Effects. Now we also have the Sense Controls and the EQ buttons here as well.
And we'll talk about those later. That's a run down of the controls you'll be working with in Multitrack. Now depending on how you like to work, you may find yourself spending more time in this view, or you may switch over to the Mixer View. They look very different but have pretty much the same controls, and we'll take a look at this Mixer View in the next movie.
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