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Foundations of Audio: Delay and Modulation
Illustration by John Hersey

Foundations of Audio: Delay and Modulation

with Alex U. Case

Video: Welcome

Hey, I'm Alex Case and welcome to Foundations of Audio: Delay and Modulation! In this course, we'll look at the most common delay and modulation effects, including echo, slapback echo, double tracking, chorus, flanger, and comb filter effects. You may not have heard of all of these effects by name, but I'm certain you've heard all of these effects in the music you listen to. I'll start by covering the fundamentals of delay, including the devices that make it and how they make it. Then I'll break down the common controls of the delay effect, showing you how to set the delay time, level, and feedback parameters.
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  1. 4m 58s
    1. Welcome
      1m 40s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      50s
    3. How to use the exercise files
      54s
    4. Using the "Get In the Mix" Pro Tools session files
      1m 34s
  2. 25m 46s
    1. What is delay?
      2m 7s
    2. Creating delay effects overview
      1m 41s
    3. Delay time, level, and feedback parameters
      3m 0s
    4. Utilizing a low-pass filter and polarity reverse
      3m 7s
    5. Setting up an effects loop for delay
      1m 6s
    6. Setting up an effects loop in a DAW
      5m 40s
    7. Setting the delay time by tempo
      5m 40s
    8. Setting the delay time by ear
      3m 25s
  3. 31m 29s
    1. Overview of short, medium, and long delays
      3m 49s
    2. Long delays
      3m 17s
    3. Get in the Mix: Using long delay on key lyrics
      7m 2s
    4. Get in the Mix: Establishing groove with long delays
      8m 42s
    5. Get in the Mix: Creating slap-back echo with long delays
      6m 6s
    6. Advanced tape-delay effects
      2m 33s
  4. 49m 48s
    1. LFO
      2m 39s
    2. Get in the Mix: Modulation rate and depth
      7m 32s
    3. Get in the Mix: Modulation shape
      7m 43s
    4. Delay effects examples in various plug-ins
      3m 52s
    5. Medium delays
      3m 52s
    6. Get in the Mix: Chorus
      5m 54s
    7. Get in the Mix: Double tracking
      6m 23s
    8. Get in the Mix: Spreaders and thickeners
      11m 53s
  5. 16m 31s
    1. Constructive and destructive interference
      2m 16s
    2. Short delays
      1m 6s
    3. Get in the Mix: Creating a comb filter and a flange effect
      5m 34s
    4. Get in the Mix: Flanger and phaser effects
      7m 35s
  6. 19m 11s
    1. Using delays in a real-world mix
      16m 59s
    2. Course summary and goodbye
      2m 12s

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Foundations of Audio: Delay and Modulation
2h 27m Appropriate for all Jan 18, 2012 Updated Jan 31, 2014

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In this installment of Foundations of Audio, author Alex U. Case explains the fundamentals of delay and modulation effects and how to apply these effects, technically and creatively, to improve the sound of a mix. The course covers adjusting individual parameters such as delay time, level, and feedback; working with long delays to create echoes, enhance groove, and add support; using delay modulation for chorus and doubling effects; and dialing-in spectral effects from delay, such as flanging. This course also includes Get in the Mix (GITM) sessions for both Avid Pro Tools and Apple Logic Pro. Exercise files are also included with the course.

Topics include:
  • Adjusting the delay time, level, and feedback parameters
  • Utilizing a low-pass filter and polarity reverse
  • Setting up an effects loop
  • Setting the delay time by tempo or by ear
  • Understanding the distinct uses of short, medium, and long delays
  • Adjusting modulation rate, depth, and shape
  • Adding double tracking and spreader effects
  • Manipulating tone with constructive or destructive interference
  • Creating a comb filter and flange effect
Subjects:
Audio + Music Mixing Music Production Audio Foundations Audio Effects
Software:
Logic Pro Pro Tools
Author:
Alex U. Case

Welcome

Hey, I'm Alex Case and welcome to Foundations of Audio: Delay and Modulation! In this course, we'll look at the most common delay and modulation effects, including echo, slapback echo, double tracking, chorus, flanger, and comb filter effects. You may not have heard of all of these effects by name, but I'm certain you've heard all of these effects in the music you listen to. I'll start by covering the fundamentals of delay, including the devices that make it and how they make it. Then I'll break down the common controls of the delay effect, showing you how to set the delay time, level, and feedback parameters.

I'll demonstrate how to utilize long delay times for specific effects such as delaying single words -- (music playing) -- creating groove delays on guitar tracks, and making use of slapback echo. I'll then explain how to utilize modulation rate, depth, and shape to create chorus, double tracking, and spreader effects. I'll then cover techniques for making use of constructive and destructive interference to create effects that manipulate tone such as flanger and comb filter effects.

Lastly, I'll integrate all of this and discuss how to use several types of delay in one full mix. (music playing) Throughout the course, I'll also provide you with guided exercise content in the form of Get in the Mix demonstration sessions that you can open up in your own digital audio workstation. Now let's get started with Foundations of Audio: Delay and Modulation.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Foundations of Audio: Delay and Modulation.


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Q: This course was updated on 01/31/2014. What changed?
A: The Get in the Mix videos have been updated to the most recent version of Pro Tools. Also, the course now includes free Get in the Mix sessions for two more DAWs: Logic Pro X and Pro Tool.
 
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