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Of almost any instrument, the bass is probably the most dynamically uncontrolled, that's why it sometimes a good idea to place a limiter on it when recording. In this video I'll show you just how to do that. The limiter will help control the peaks that can happen either because of the way that player is playing, or because of the instrument. Here is how to set it up. Insert a compressor into the signal chain either on an insert in the console, or preamp, or place between the preamp and DAW input. Set the attack control to its slowest setting and the release control to its fastest.
Then set the ratio to about ten to one and raise the threshold until there is a few dB is limiting on the piece of the signal. (music playing) Decrease the attack time until the audio just begins to sound dull, then back it off a bit.
This means that the limiter will catch more of the peaks and the amount of limiting will increase. (music playing) Increase the release time so that it breathes with the pulse of the song, which should be somewhere around the midway point.
A limiter with the release time set too fast can cause the sound to pump, which is usually an undesirable effect. Don't go beyond five or six dB, because adding too much limiting at this point can change the sound. (music playing) This can't be undone later, so remember that less is more.
The correct amount of limiting is when every note is equal and level. Finally, set the output control of the limiter. So, that the record level is about -10 dB on the channel meters. (music playing) That's how to insert a limiter into the signal chain of the bass to control its dynamics.
Set the attack control to its slowest setting and the release time to its fastest. Then set the ratio to about ten to one, and then raise the threshold until the meter reads about -2 dB. Decrease the attack time until the audio just begins to sound dull then back it off a bit. Remember not to decrease the attack time too much where the sound of the bass will loose definition, and that less is more since you can always add additional limiting when you mix.
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