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On many songs, the vocal can be very dynamic and needs to be controlled in order to keep from overloading somewhere in the signal chain. In this video, I am going to for show you how to use a limiter to keep that vocal under control. The reason why we are inserting a limiter during tracking is mostly to avoid overload and not for the sound that it imparts, that's better done during the mix down stage. So feel free to skip this section if you feel uncomfortable with it. Remember that if you're using a plug-in, it might cause a delay between what the vocalists singing, and when she's hearing it in the phones.
The first thing to do is insert a hardware compressor into the signal chain either on an insert in the consular preamp or placed between the preamp and DAW input. Set the attack control to its lowest setting and the release control to its fastest, then set the ratio at about 10 to 1 and raise the Threshold and tell there is a few dB of limiting on the vocal peaks. If the vocal has a lot of dynamics, decrease the attack time making it faster, this means that it will catch more of the peaks and the amount of limiting will increase. Don't go beyond 5 or 6 dB because adding too much limiting at this point can change the sound of the vocal this can't be undone later, so remember that less is more.
Finally, increase the release time to about half way to keep the vocal strong and steady. (music playing) A limiter with the release time set too fast can cause a sound to pump which is very undesirable on a vocal.
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