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Whether one is producing music, podcasts, game sounds, or film sound effects, Digital Audio Principles provides the tips and techniques that will make the project a success. Author Dave Schroeder explains the basics of digital audio production techniques and covers the essential hardware and software. He also discusses sound theory, frequency response, the range of human hearing, and dynamic range.
In this chapter we're going to talk about microphones, which in my opinion, are really nothing short of magic. You think about it. What they do is they take sound out in the air, they take these changes and pressure, ultimately stuff like wind and turn it into electrical voltages. This allows us to record it, to capture it, to play it back, to manipulate it. Everything we do with digital audio and even analog audio, pretty much starts with the microphones. They're like the magic transducer that take the sounds of the world around us, and let us work with it, everything from stuff like the human voice, to musical instruments, to recordings, sporting events things like that.
It's all microphones. Every time you talk on the phone, there is a microphone working for you. So they're pretty amazing. If you're going to work with digital audio or audio, you really want to know as much as you can about microphones, because they'll definitely come into play at some point. If you're going to work with digital audio, you definitely want to know about microphones, because it's pretty inevitable that you'll deal with them and have to make decisions about them, which ones to use, at what time, for what application. So learning about some of the different aspects of how microphones work, and some of the characteristics they have is really useful.
So in this chapter, I'm going to introduce you to a lot of concepts related to microphones. I know that if you're aware of these, it'll help you in your end goal while you're trying to produce audio lives. We'll talk about the different kinds of elements, or the three types of microphones. We'll talk about different pickup patterns. Things like frequency response. We'll look at the various body styles of microphones, some of the accessories. We'll talk about picking the right mike for the right job, and also kind of learning about microphone placement. It is actually when you start to work with microphones, there is a lot to think about, and a lot to consider.
So it's good to kind of get a basic understanding of some things, and then learn some of the jargon, and concepts around them as well. So in the next section we're going to talk about the elements or ultimately kind of the type of microphone.
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