Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

EQs

From: Digital Audio Principles

Video: EQs

All right, so let's start by taking a look at the EQ plug-in family. And this allows you to affect equalization, or cut and boost different frequencies of a sound. Now there's basically two kinds of EQs out there. There's a graphic EQ and a parametric EQ. I want to start by looking at a graphic EQ. And to do this we'll actually use iTunes, which comes with a nice big visual graphic EQ attached with. As you can see, it gives you different frequencies along a frequency range, and we can drag these faders up and down to add or cut that frequency.

EQs

All right, so let's start by taking a look at the EQ plug-in family. And this allows you to affect equalization, or cut and boost different frequencies of a sound. Now there's basically two kinds of EQs out there. There's a graphic EQ and a parametric EQ. I want to start by looking at a graphic EQ. And to do this we'll actually use iTunes, which comes with a nice big visual graphic EQ attached with. As you can see, it gives you different frequencies along a frequency range, and we can drag these faders up and down to add or cut that frequency.

And in the center we're having no effect; the sound is just flowing through. This comes with some nice fixed curves built into it. There's flat, and then based on what you want to use, you can change all these to get different sounds. So let's go ahead and feed this a little bit of music and just take a listen to what happens when we play with equalization. I'm going to fade this down and then bring it up, so that we are okay in the volume. (drums playing) So we have got our EQ on, and I can go through and drag and swap different EQs to get a different sound.

Down here we have the low-end EQs on the left, the lower frequencies. So I can take the bass way out and crank up the Treble. (drums playing) That's kind of nasty right there. Yeah. So this is equalization. I'll go back and set that to flat, and here are some nice curves. You can see you can get quite a bit of different tonality out of this. (drums playing) So now it sounds like classical. Not bad.

I always like to do a smiley face. So now we'll go back to flat setting here and we will pause the music. Now the thing to notice about the graphic EQ, and kind of what we'll notice makes it different from the parametric EQ, is that you're working with fixed frequencies here. I can slide the 32Hz frequency down 12 DB or up 12 DB. And that's about it. I can't move 40Hz if I want to. I have to go to 64 or 32. So these fixed intervals, or the different frequencies that you can work with, is really the primary characteristic of a graphic EQ.

Next, we'll open up a parametric EQ, and we'll see that we can actually pick any frequency we want to work with. Let's check one out, and for that we'll go in to Pro Tools. Okay, so here we are in our Pro Tools session. We have got some tracks loaded. I want to go ahead and load up an EQ on one of these tracks, and I think I'm going to go and work with the snare track for this. This is from a session we did a while ago. Let's pick a three-band parametric EQ.

So first let's just take a look at this and see how it differs from the graphic EQ. We have frequency across the bottom and the amount we can boost or cut to left, the DB. Well then we have kind of these three different notches or points that we can grab. Right now, they're all in a flat situation. You can see when I click on them, they come on. I can drag these up and down on these frequencies, but I can drag them anywhere in the frequency. See, the frequency here changes for this one point, and that's nice, that continuous frequency selection, that ability to pick any frequency and not be restricted by the frequencies that the graphic EQ works with.

The other thing that's different, as you'll notice, it's not just up or down, but there is actually kind of this arc that represents how we're affecting the frequencies around the center point. That's referred to as the bandwidth or the queue. So if I had to adjust the queue and make it bigger, the bigger the number, the narrower the bandwidth. That's the trick with queue. So if I just want to hear at 88Hz. If I just want to really boost 88Hz, I can go in and make that queue really tight. If I want to boost lots of frequencies around 88hZ, so I bring them all up together to get kind of a more rounded bass, I can make the queue smaller.

This queue will go down to 0, I guess, or 1. Pretty small here. It's .5. So that's the big difference between the parametric EQ. Let's feed a little signal and just play with this a little bit to get an idea of what we can do with it. I'm going to turn that off. I want to turn them all off so that we don't get blown out by those when we play our track. All right, so we're going to listen to the snare beat here. I'll queue it up a little bit. Just the snare track, nothing too exciting.

But I can use a parametric EQ to go in and really pinpoint certain frequencies. And it's great when working with EQ to kind of, I call this search and destroy method, where you find the sounds that you don't like, or the tonal character of a certain sound, then you actually cut it. So I didn't--you notice right here (drums playing) it takes on kind of a boxy sound there. Pretty thunky. So I'm actually going to cut that a little bit.

I'm going to come over here on the high end and increase the brightness a little bit. Let's see. (drums playing) Then if I want a little bit of thump, I can throw that in there, but really --you want snares to have some bottom, but they don't really occupy that much low end. So you don't want to crank it way up. So the other thing I can do is pick different filter shapes for these. Now you'll have to learn kind of the difference between low shelf and high shelf and low pass. They are pretty simple. I encourage you to just take some time with it, and you'll see. But luckily we can go ahead and adjust these and visually see what they do.

That's a shelf. A shelf means that from the point beyond the point, if it's a low shelf, everything to the left is affected equally. So we're turning everything down by 12. Now if you want to switch to a high pass, aka a low cut, we're actually cutting off frequencies here. I'm going to move that over. See, I can slide this up, and we're just killing all that low end we're seeing. Goodnight Irene, we don't want to hear you.

So that's the advantage of a parametric EQ over a graphic EQ. You can pinpoint frequencies a lot more, work with them a little bit more specifically. EQ is a really indispensable plug-in and DSP tool. So I really encourage that you to get to know all the different features and options that your EQ plug-in has. Being able to work with EQ effectively can have a huge effect on the sound and quality of your projects.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Digital Audio Principles
Digital Audio Principles

110 video lessons · 26921 viewers

Dave Schroeder
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 50s
    1. Welcome
      50s
  2. 39m 10s
    1. What is sound?
      4m 15s
    2. Hertz and frequency response
      5m 34s
    3. Phase
      2m 39s
    4. Capturing audio
      3m 39s
    5. Sample rate
      6m 16s
    6. Bit depth
      9m 47s
    7. The waveform
      5m 3s
    8. Audio file formats
      1m 57s
  3. 7m 25s
    1. What is a digital audio workstation?
      2m 59s
    2. Typical DAW signal flow
      4m 26s
  4. 50m 33s
    1. What microphones do
      1m 57s
    2. Element types
      5m 0s
    3. Pickup patterns
      6m 51s
    4. Axis
      2m 52s
    5. Frequency response and the proximity effect
      5m 10s
    6. Phase issues
      1m 41s
    7. Microphone types
      8m 44s
    8. Miking vocals
      5m 39s
    9. Miking amplifiers
      2m 17s
    10. Miking drums
      10m 22s
  5. 16m 39s
    1. Cables and connectors overview
      2m 42s
    2. Balanced and unbalanced cables
      3m 19s
    3. Common cable types
      7m 13s
    4. Cable tips
      3m 25s
  6. 12m 16s
    1. What is an I/O device?
      1m 41s
    2. Analog to digital conversion
      3m 10s
    3. Tour of an audio interface
      4m 49s
    4. Interface considerations
      2m 36s
  7. 21m 5s
    1. What is a preamp?
      3m 21s
    2. Input levels
      5m 29s
    3. Padding
      2m 18s
    4. Phantom power
      2m 37s
    5. Phase reverse
      3m 4s
    6. Preamp demo
      4m 16s
  8. 12m 56s
    1. What is a mixer?
      5m 55s
    2. Input section
      1m 17s
    3. Channel strips
      3m 16s
    4. Master section
      2m 28s
  9. 18m 21s
    1. What is monitoring?
      2m 11s
    2. Speakers
      4m 47s
    3. Room considerations
      5m 43s
    4. Headphone types
      3m 50s
    5. Monitoring levels
      1m 50s
  10. 15m 23s
    1. What role do computers play?
      1m 36s
    2. Performance issues
      4m 11s
    3. Hard drives
      4m 38s
    4. Mechanical noise
      2m 10s
    5. Authorization
      2m 48s
  11. 6m 54s
    1. Planning for recording
      54s
    2. Doing a system check
      1m 26s
    3. Planning your inputs
      1m 42s
    4. The recording environment
      2m 52s
  12. 25m 52s
    1. Types of digital audio software
      38s
    2. Multi-track recorders/sequencers
      4m 56s
    3. Two-track recorders/waveform editors
      4m 55s
    4. Loop-based music production software
      5m 44s
    5. Plug-ins
      6m 56s
    6. Other varieties
      2m 43s
  13. 18m 59s
    1. Common components
      46s
    2. The transport
      2m 4s
    3. The toolbar
      3m 19s
    4. The Edit/Arrange window
      4m 42s
    5. The mixer
      5m 8s
    6. The file list
      3m 0s
  14. 19m 17s
    1. Setting up a session
      3m 30s
    2. Assigning inputs and getting signals
      3m 19s
    3. Input modes
      3m 28s
    4. Overdubbing and punching
      5m 14s
    5. Bouncing down
      3m 46s
  15. 19m 42s
    1. What is editing?
      1m 21s
    2. Waveforms
      2m 53s
    3. Making silent cuts and trims
      7m 1s
    4. Fades and automation
      8m 27s
  16. 1h 23m
    1. What are plug-ins?
      3m 0s
    2. Using plug-ins
      6m 11s
    3. EQs
      7m 4s
    4. Dynamics pt. 1: Compressors, limiters, expanders, and gates
      5m 40s
    5. Dynamics pt 2: Applying dynamic effects
      7m 2s
    6. Pitch shifting
      6m 14s
    7. Reverb
      9m 28s
    8. Echo and delay
      6m 23s
    9. Modulation effects: Phaser, flanger, and chorus
      9m 39s
    10. Sound tools pt. 1: About, gain, normalize
      7m 39s
    11. Sound tools pt. 2: Reverse and time compression/expansion
      6m 29s
    12. Sound tools pt. 3: Noise reducers, dither
      8m 11s
  17. 23m 43s
    1. What is MIDI?
      3m 6s
    2. Keyboard controllers
      1m 23s
    3. Computer-based virtual instruments
      1m 6s
    4. Control surfaces
      1m 6s
    5. Recording and editing MIDI
      12m 4s
    6. Virtual instruments
      4m 58s
  18. 27m 29s
    1. What is mixing?
      1m 54s
    2. Some common objectives
      3m 4s
    3. Some useful techniques
      5m 59s
    4. A quick mixing demo
      16m 32s
  19. 18m 48s
    1. What is mastering?
      2m 24s
    2. Sonic maximization
      9m 43s
    3. Final preparations and exporting
      6m 41s
  20. 13m 34s
    1. What is audio compression?
      2m 16s
    2. Popular formats
      2m 9s
    3. Bit rate, sample rate, and channels
      5m 42s
    4. Other adjustments and considerations
      3m 27s
  21. 15m 6s
    1. Essential gear
      7m 36s
    2. Voice recording setups
      1m 43s
    3. The voice production process
      5m 47s
  22. 10m 4s
    1. Analog vs. digital
      2m 48s
    2. Tube vs. solid state
      5m 6s
    3. The continual upgrade
      2m 10s
  23. 18s
    1. Goodbye
      18s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Digital Audio Principles.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.