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Adding scale bars, north arrows, and titles

From: Up and Running with ArcGIS

Video: Adding scale bars, north arrows, and titles

{QTtext}{width:960}{textColor:65280,65280,65280}{justify:center}{timescale:1000}{backColor:0,0,0}{plain}{font:Verdana}{size:20} Before we can call our map complete, there are We'll readjust its size and move it up into position. The next option I want to take a look at is under the Insert menu, Scale Text.

Adding scale bars, north arrows, and titles

How about this just ESRI North 70. Before we can call our map complete, there are some last minute additions that we need to consider making.

It's a pretty basic looking one. We'll go ahead and say OK, and it'll add that onto the map here. They can all be found under the Insert menu here in the menu bar. The first one I'll talk about is the Scale bar. Now it comes in pretty small, so I can use my Scale bars tell the reader the size of the area drag handles on the edges, to make it larger if I'd like. being mapped and allows them to make measurements across the page. And so, I can add a North there onto my map, Scale bars are useful for when you are in control of the output medium. and maybe I'll place it down here next to the legend. For instance, if this is going to We'll readjust its size and move it up into position. be displayed on the computer screen, you'll have There. no idea if somebody's on a giant 30 inch monitor or a smaller 17 inch screen. Unlike the north era though, every map absolutely needs a title. The nice thing about a Scale Bar is that it is a graphical representation of scale. So I'm going to go into the Insert menu and choose Title from here. It gets larger as the map gets larger and smaller as the map gets smaller. We'll get a dialog box asking me what I want the title to say. Let's go ahead and insert a Scale Bar into I'm going to call this Washington Dairy Farms. our map by selecting it from the Insert menu. Go ahead and say OK. Here we get a scale bar selector. And ArcMap adds that title onto our map. And there's a whole variety of scale bars that are already designed for us. If we want to make additional edits to it, We go through and pick one out that we like. just double click on it to bring up its properties. I'm going to choose this Alternating Scale Bar One. We can change its text in here. Go ahead and say OK, and ArcMap adds it into the map document. And you can see that storing the property inside of our document title property. Now we can drag and drop it wherever we want on our layout. We can just edit that text if we want to, but If I want to make additional edits to it, I could just double-click that's basically being stored in the map document as its title. on it and it will bring up the Alternating Scale Bar Properties here. We can also change its font size and position and we can We can set the number of divisions, which is where it alternates from black to go into this other size and position to accurately locate in our layout. white, and the number of subdivisions down here at the bottom end of the bar. We can also adjust what units we're displaying in. Go ahead and just say OK, and I'm going to move this into position. So, for instance, if I wanted to display this I'm going to leave it here at the top of the in kilometers, for instance, I just switch the menu here. page actually, and maybe I'll link that a little larger. Press Apply and it updates my scale bar over here. So I'll just double-click on it, go into Text, and change its font size by going to Change Symbol, and then changing the size box here to maybe 24. We have some other tabs up here where we Go ahead and say OK, Apply. can go through and adjust the numbers or the markers, the formatting of the text, whether there is a data Okay. frame around it and it's size and position as well. And there's a much larger title here and I'll place that at the top of the page. Let me go ahead and go back to Scale and Units. So now we can call this map complete. I'm going to change this back to miles. It's important to remember all these little finishing touches. And we'll go ahead and say Apply and OK to get it back to miles. The scale indicators. You'll also notice as you resize the Scale bar, that it updates. The north arrows. So now it's showing divisions of 50 miles and it goes up to 200 miles. The titles and so on. And if I make it smaller, the scale bar updates That really round out the layout. to divisions of 25 miles and it ends at 100 miles. So I can make it whatever size I want. So, let me go ahead and place that right there on the map. The next option I want to take a look at is under the Insert menu, Scale Text. The Scale Text option is great when you know exactly what the output size will be. For instance, if you know absolutely that this map will be printed at a 24 by 36 poster, or some other fixed size. Since the finished size is fixed, you can accurately say that this map is at a scale of 5 miles to an inch, for instance. Or 1 inch equals 200 kilometers. Obviously, if this map were printed smaller than intended though, then the statement would no longer be valid. Let's go ahead and add some scale text to our map, and I'll select it from the Insert menu here. Again, I have a bunch of varieties of how I want that to display, for instance, I can do down and say, okay, I wanted to say, 1 inch equals some number of miles, go ahead and say OK, and that will place it on my map. I can go ahead and place this wherever I'd like as well. Next up is a north arrow. Let's go back to the Insert menu and take a look at our north arrow options. North arrows help orient the reader and they come in a wide range of styles to choose from. Now, not all maps require a north arrow, since the vast majority of maps follow a north is up convention, and it's often just assumed that north is up even without an arrow on the page. In fact, some projections can't have a north arrow, since north isn't the same direction across the page due to the distortions of the earth's surface. That said, if you do want to include a north arrow, all we need to do is go through this North Arrow Selector and pick a style that matches the style of our map, and you can see that some of them are pretty ornate. I'm going to go through here, and let's find one that I like. How about this just ESRI North 70.

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Up and Running with ArcGIS

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