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I am going to take a peek, now, into a memory card for my digital camera, because I want to show you how digital cameras save information to a memory card. It's very helpful for understanding what's going on. I have a memory card here in a card reader, and I just opened it up. And you may have a number of folders here; you may just have one folder when you do this. But one folder you should always see, if you have pictures on your memory card, is the DCIM folder, and that stands for Digital Camera Images. Thus the IM, first two letters: images, right there. And this is a standard; all cameras adhere to this, because that way the software that's on your computer knows where to look for the photos. And as you may guess, the photos are inside of here.
There may be other folders. In this case, the images are inside my 100CANON folder. And I may have a 101CANON folder, and a 102CANON folder depending on how I have my camera set up, especially if I've taken a whole bunch of photos. In this case we don't have very many, so we just have the one folder. I am going to open that up, and here you see a bunch of different files. Now I'm going to go to a different view right now. Let's go to the List View, and we can get a little better look at things.
So I have shot RAW files, and I have shot JPEGs, and I have shot a movie, and I want to show you how they are listed here. Now the RAW files tend to have a unique extension. That's because they are proprietary. Each camera manufacturer has their own secret sauce for the RAW file, so Canon is CR2, Nikon is NEF, Olympus is ORF, and it goes on and on. But a lot of times when you look over here at Kind on your computer, and this would be Mac or PC, it will also have a description.
In this case you can see, oh, Canon Camera Raw file, and that's the CR2. That's right here. Now JPEGs will almost always have the extension .jpg. Sometimes, in very rare cases, you might see J, P, E, G. But that's rare. Most of the time you are just going to see J, P, G for JPEG. And then movies, because most of our cameras do shoot movie files now, will be listed with some sort of movie extension.
In this case .mov but there are others .mpeg or .mpg. It just depends. Again, when in doubt go over to Kind, and you'll see some sort of description. So these are all lumped together here in our DCIM folder. Now one thing that you may have noticed is that I have a similar file extension with two different types of files, and that's because I shot RAW plus JPEG. That is a camera setting that allows you to record both a RAW file and a JPEG file at the same time.
So these are both identical shots, except one is in the RAW format, and the other is in the JPEG format. So if you see that same file number with different extensions, you know that you have RAW plus JPEG on. So it's fairly simple. Again, all you have to do is go to your DCIM folder and inside of it somewhere, depending on your set up, you will have all of your files listed according to the type of formats that you used when you captured the images.
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