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Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP
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Starting Apache from the command line


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Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP

with David Gassner

Video: Starting Apache from the command line

Regardless of how you install the Apache HTTP server, whether from a Windows binary installer or from a ZIP file, you can start and stop Apache from the command line. If you've installed using the Windows binary installer, first go to the Control Panel, and go to the Services panel. I'll go to the Control Panel and type Services, and choose View Local Services. And I'll make sure that I don't have an Apache service already installed. Now I'll go to a command prompt.
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  1. 17m 35s
    1. Welcome UPDATED
      1m 9s
    2. Understanding Apache, MySQL, and PHP
      7m 12s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 7s
    4. What's new in this update UPDATED
      3m 35s
    5. Choosing a software stack
      4m 32s
  2. 30m 18s
    1. Installing Apache HTTP Server 2.4 on Windows
      6m 51s
    2. Installing PHP 5.5 on Windows
      4m 12s
    3. Starting Apache from the command line
      5m 24s
    4. Installing MySQL on Windows UPDATED
      7m 24s
    5. Installing phpMyAdmin on Windows
      6m 27s
  3. 44m 5s
    1. Activating Apache on Leopard and Snow Leopard
      3m 35s
    2. Activating Apache on Lion
      5m 9s
    3. Activating Apache on Mountain Lion and Mavericks
      4m 57s
    4. Configuring personal site folders on Mountain Lion and Mavericks UPDATED
      6m 59s
    5. Activating PHP on Mac OS X
      6m 12s
    6. Installing MySQL on Mac OS X
      3m 59s
    7. Setting the root user password
      2m 28s
    8. Installing phpMyAdmin on Mac OS X
      6m 16s
    9. Uninstalling MySQL on Mac OS X
      4m 30s
  4. 14m 35s
    1. Installing WampServer
      6m 25s
    2. Managing WampServer
      2m 2s
    3. Defining directory aliases through WampServer
      2m 55s
    4. Changing software versions with WampServer add-ons
      3m 13s
  5. 10m 58s
    1. Installing MAMP UPDATED
      4m 6s
    2. Configuring Apache and MySQL server ports UPDATED
      1m 57s
    3. Managing MAMP UPDATED
      4m 55s
  6. 29m 3s
    1. Installing XAMPP for Windows UPDATED
      10m 0s
    2. Managing XAMPP for Windows
      4m 4s
    3. Managing MySQL security through XAMPP for Windows
      2m 40s
    4. Installing XAMPP for Mac OS X UPDATED
      6m 14s
    5. Managing XAMPP for Mac OS X
      2m 27s
    6. Managing MySQL security through XAMPP
      3m 38s
  7. 13m 20s
    1. Installing BitNami for Windows
      6m 31s
    2. Installing BitNami for Mac OS X UPDATED
      6m 49s
  8. 18m 49s
    1. Handling port conflicts with Skype on Windows
      2m 37s
    2. Handling other port conflicts on Windows
      5m 19s
    3. Detecting and handling port conflicts on Mac OS X
      6m 26s
    4. Configuring Apache to work with IPv6 on Windows 8
      4m 27s
  9. 31s
    1. Goodbye
      31s

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Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP
2h 59m Intermediate Jan 21, 2011 Updated Mar 28, 2014

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP with David Gassner describes how to install and configure Apache HTTP server, MySQL database server, and PHP, known as the AMP stack, on a local development computer. Chapters are devoted to multiple installation approaches: installing the components separately on both Windows and Mac (including coverage of Apache and PHP on Mac OS X 10.7 Lion and 10.8 Mountain Lion), installing the pre-packaged Apache and MySQL distributions in WampServer on Windows and MAMP on Mac, and installing the cross-platform XAMPP and Bitnami on both Mac and Windows. Exercise files are included with the course.

This course was updated on 07/06/2012.

Topics include:
  • Performing Apache, PHP, and MySQL as separate installs
  • Activating Apache and PHP on Leopard, Snow Leopard, and Lion
  • Setting the MySQL root user password
  • Installing WampServer
  • Changing software versions with WampServer add-ons
  • Installing MAMP
  • Configuring MAMP's Apache and MySQL server ports
  • Installing XAMPP for Windows and Mac
  • Managing MySQL security through XAMPP
  • Installing Bitnami for Windows and Mac
  • Detecting and handling port conflicts
  • Working with Apache and IPV6 in Windows 8
Subjects:
Developer Web Servers Databases
Software:
MySQL PHP HTTP Server Apache HTTP Server
Author:
David Gassner

Starting Apache from the command line

Regardless of how you install the Apache HTTP server, whether from a Windows binary installer or from a ZIP file, you can start and stop Apache from the command line. If you've installed using the Windows binary installer, first go to the Control Panel, and go to the Services panel. I'll go to the Control Panel and type Services, and choose View Local Services. And I'll make sure that I don't have an Apache service already installed. Now I'll go to a command prompt.

On Windows 8, I can go to the lower left corner, right click, and choose Command prompt. And if you're working on Windows 7, start the CMD application. Next, I'll switch to the Apache bin folder, this is where all the commands are stored. And I'll be using this one, httpd.exe. I'll start the server by running the command. When I run the command in this way, the command doesn't complete, it's running as an application.

Not as a service. Then I'll switch over to a browser and test, by entering localhost and pressing enter. And I see the html page with the text "It works!". I'll switch back to the command prompt, and to stop the server I'll press Ctrl+C. When the directory prompt comes back, The server has stopped. I'll come back to the browser and refresh by pressing control r and I get back an error saying that I can't get to the server now. To make it even easier to start this server from the command line, you can add the location of the HTTPD application to the environment variable path.

The system path contains names of directories that contain applications, and I'll show you how to add the Apache bin folder to this listing. Once again, I'll go to the Control Panel. In the Control Panel, I'll type environment, and I'll get to this item under system. Edit the system environment variables. I'll click to choose it, and then down here I'll click on Environment Variables. You can either set a variable for the current user or for the system, and that will affect all users.

I'll scroll down a bit and find the path, and now edit it. I'll move the cursor to end of the listing and I'll add a semi colon to the list of existing folders. Then I'll type in the name of the folder that contains my APache applications. C:\apache\bin. I'll click OK, and click OK again, and click okay one more time, and close the Control Panel. Now I'm going to close the existing command prompt window and open another one.

Now I'll try running the server by typing httpd from any folder. Just as before the command doesn't complete, and the http server should now be running. I'll come back to the browser, click the Refresh button, and I get a good response. It's working. Finally, I'll describe how to install the Apache http server as a service from the command line. I'll press Ctrl+C to stop the server, and now I'll type the following. httppd, then a space, then dash k, and another space, and install.

The first time you do this, you might see this message, indicating that access is denied, and you're being asked to log in as an administrator. To do that, I'll close that command prompt window, go back to the lower-left corner in Windows 8. And this time, I'll choose Command Prompt Admin. If you follow that step, and you see a user account control dialogue, click yes. This time I land in the Windows system 32 folder, and that's fine, and I'm going to expand the size of this font so it's a little easier to see what I'm doing.

(SOUND) And I get back the message indicating that the http server has been installed. Now, I'll go to the Services console. I'll once again go to the Control Panel, and type Services, and click View Local Services, and here's my Apache server. It's been added as a Windows service. I'll click the Start button to start the server. I'm back to the browser and refresh, and the HTML page is returned.

I'll come back to the services console and stop. I'll come back to the browser and refresh again. And I'm told that the server isn't running. Finally, I'll show how to uninstall the service. Once again I'll start in the Command prompt, running as an administrator. And I'll type httpd -k uninstall, and I get the message back that the service has been removed successfully. I'll come back to the Services console and press F5 to refresh, and I see that the service is no longer there.

So those are some of the things you can do to manage Apache from the command line. You can start and stop it, you can add the Apache bin folder to your path variable to make it easy to stop and start from anywhere on your file system, and you can add and remove it as a Windows service.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP.


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Q: I followed the procedure in the "Installing XAMP for Windows" video, but 1) I got no text file popup after install, and 2) the Admin button does not bring up phpMyAdmin page. Nothing happens even though the Running button is green.

A: The text window not popping up after the installation is just a difference in the installation flow; it shouldn't cause any functional problems.

The issue around phpMyAdmin not opening correctly from the Xampp Control Panel has come up before. There is a bug in the newest version of Xampp for Windows (version 1.7.4) that affects the Control Panel. After starting the Control Panel, and then starting both Apache and MySQL, clicking the MySQL Admin button doesn't open the browser to the phpMyAdmin as expected. However, both MySQL and phpMyAdmin are working correctly.

Follow these steps instead:
  1. Click the Admin button next to Apache to open the Xampp home page in the browser.
  2. Click phpMyAdmin under the Tools section of the menu on the left side of the page.
phpMyAdmin should open correctly. From that point, you should be able to manage your database.
Q: I'm using TextWrangler on the Mac to uncomment the following line in the httpd.conf file, as shown in the video "Activating PHP with the included Apache server" in Chapter 2:

LoadModule php5_module libexec/apache2/libphp5.so

When I try to save the changes, I get the message "Error code: -5000". What's going wrong?
A: This is a common issue with the latest version of TextWrangler. Here's another way of editing the file with a command line editor named Pico that's included in Mac OS X. Remember, most text editors don't give you the ability to edit files as the "root user", and you need those rights to edit the httpd.conf file.

Unlike TextWrangler, Pico doesn't accept mouse input, so you have to do everything with the keyboard:
  1. Open Terminal from /Applications/Utilities/Terminal.
  2. Type sudo pico /private/etc/apache2/httpd.conf.
  3. Type your password and press Return.
  4. Press Ctrl+W for 'Where is'.
  5. Type 'php' and press Return. You should find the commented-out line with php5_module
  6. Delete the '#' at the beginning of the line.
  7. Press Ctrl+X for 'Exit'.
  8. Press Y for 'Yes'.
  9. Press Return to save and exit
We recommend also using Pico to edit the php.ini file.
Q: After downloading XAMPP I was unable to start Apache from the control panel. MySQL started fine. When I click the Start button next to Apache it looks like it starts and then stops. Here is the output:

Busy
Apache Started (Port 80)

The MySQL button says "running" with a stop button; the Apache button still? says start no matter how many time I click it.
A: This usually means that another program is using Port 80 (the port that Apache needs). Port 80 is used for any web server, so you either have another web server running or you're running something else (usually Skype) that is using Port 80.

If you're running Skype (and this is really common), you need to configure it to use a different port. If it's not Skype, it may be that you're running another web server or IIS (Microsoft Internet Information Server, the web server that comes with Windows), which you'll need to quit.
Q: This course was updated on 07/06/2012. What changed?
A: A few of the WampServer movies were updated to reflect the new user interface. We also added movies on installing Bitnami, an open source stack solution, and troubleshooting Apache to work with IPV6 on Windows 8.
Q: This course was updated on 01/09/2012. What changed?
A: Two new movies were added to Chapter 2, "Installing Separate Components on Mac OS X," to reflect the changes in the latest version of Mac OS X, Mountain Lion (version 10.8). These movies cover activating Apache and configuring personal site folders in Mountain Lion.
Q: This course was updated on 8/23/2013. What changed?
A: We added new software download locations and coverage of Apache HTTP Server 2.4 on Windows, as well as information on managing Apache from the command prompt, editing hidden config files with the nano editor, and installing the new version of Bitnami on Windows and Mac OS X.
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