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Starting Apache from the command line

From: Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP

Video: Starting Apache from the command line

Regardless of how you install the Apache HTTP server, whether from a Windows binary installer or from a ZIP file, you can start and stop Apache from the command line. If you've installed using the Windows binary installer, first go to the Control Panel, and go to the Services panel. I'll go to the Control Panel and type Services, and choose View Local Services. And I'll make sure that I don't have an Apache service already installed. Now I'll go to a command prompt.

Starting Apache from the command line

Regardless of how you install the Apache HTTP server, whether from a Windows binary installer or from a ZIP file, you can start and stop Apache from the command line. If you've installed using the Windows binary installer, first go to the Control Panel, and go to the Services panel. I'll go to the Control Panel and type Services, and choose View Local Services. And I'll make sure that I don't have an Apache service already installed. Now I'll go to a command prompt.

On Windows 8, I can go to the lower left corner, right click, and choose Command prompt. And if you're working on Windows 7, start the CMD application. Next, I'll switch to the Apache bin folder, this is where all the commands are stored. And I'll be using this one, httpd.exe. I'll start the server by running the command. When I run the command in this way, the command doesn't complete, it's running as an application.

Not as a service. Then I'll switch over to a browser and test, by entering localhost and pressing enter. And I see the html page with the text "It works!". I'll switch back to the command prompt, and to stop the server I'll press Ctrl+C. When the directory prompt comes back, The server has stopped. I'll come back to the browser and refresh by pressing control r and I get back an error saying that I can't get to the server now. To make it even easier to start this server from the command line, you can add the location of the HTTPD application to the environment variable path.

The system path contains names of directories that contain applications, and I'll show you how to add the Apache bin folder to this listing. Once again, I'll go to the Control Panel. In the Control Panel, I'll type environment, and I'll get to this item under system. Edit the system environment variables. I'll click to choose it, and then down here I'll click on Environment Variables. You can either set a variable for the current user or for the system, and that will affect all users.

I'll scroll down a bit and find the path, and now edit it. I'll move the cursor to end of the listing and I'll add a semi colon to the list of existing folders. Then I'll type in the name of the folder that contains my APache applications. C:\apache\bin. I'll click OK, and click OK again, and click okay one more time, and close the Control Panel. Now I'm going to close the existing command prompt window and open another one.

Now I'll try running the server by typing httpd from any folder. Just as before the command doesn't complete, and the http server should now be running. I'll come back to the browser, click the Refresh button, and I get a good response. It's working. Finally, I'll describe how to install the Apache http server as a service from the command line. I'll press Ctrl+C to stop the server, and now I'll type the following. httppd, then a space, then dash k, and another space, and install.

The first time you do this, you might see this message, indicating that access is denied, and you're being asked to log in as an administrator. To do that, I'll close that command prompt window, go back to the lower-left corner in Windows 8. And this time, I'll choose Command Prompt Admin. If you follow that step, and you see a user account control dialogue, click yes. This time I land in the Windows system 32 folder, and that's fine, and I'm going to expand the size of this font so it's a little easier to see what I'm doing.

(SOUND) And I get back the message indicating that the http server has been installed. Now, I'll go to the Services console. I'll once again go to the Control Panel, and type Services, and click View Local Services, and here's my Apache server. It's been added as a Windows service. I'll click the Start button to start the server. I'm back to the browser and refresh, and the HTML page is returned.

I'll come back to the services console and stop. I'll come back to the browser and refresh again. And I'm told that the server isn't running. Finally, I'll show how to uninstall the service. Once again I'll start in the Command prompt, running as an administrator. And I'll type httpd -k uninstall, and I get the message back that the service has been removed successfully. I'll come back to the Services console and press F5 to refresh, and I see that the service is no longer there.

So those are some of the things you can do to manage Apache from the command line. You can start and stop it, you can add the Apache bin folder to your path variable to make it easy to stop and start from anywhere on your file system, and you can add and remove it as a Windows service.

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This video is part of

Image for Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP
Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP

39 video lessons · 44326 viewers

David Gassner
Author

 
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  1. 17m 35s
    1. Welcome
      1m 9s
    2. Understanding Apache, MySQL, and PHP
      7m 12s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 7s
    4. What's new in this update
      3m 35s
    5. Choosing a software stack
      4m 32s
  2. 30m 18s
    1. Installing Apache HTTP Server 2.4 on Windows
      6m 51s
    2. Installing PHP 5.5 on Windows
      4m 12s
    3. Starting Apache from the command line
      5m 24s
    4. Installing MySQL on Windows
      7m 24s
    5. Installing phpMyAdmin on Windows
      6m 27s
  3. 44m 5s
    1. Activating Apache on Leopard and Snow Leopard
      3m 35s
    2. Activating Apache on Lion
      5m 9s
    3. Activating Apache on Mountain Lion and Mavericks
      4m 57s
    4. Configuring personal site folders on Mountain Lion and Mavericks
      6m 59s
    5. Activating PHP on Mac OS X
      6m 12s
    6. Installing MySQL on Mac OS X
      3m 59s
    7. Setting the root user password
      2m 28s
    8. Installing phpMyAdmin on Mac OS X
      6m 16s
    9. Uninstalling MySQL on Mac OS X
      4m 30s
  4. 14m 35s
    1. Installing WampServer
      6m 25s
    2. Managing WampServer
      2m 2s
    3. Defining directory aliases through WampServer
      2m 55s
    4. Changing software versions with WampServer add-ons
      3m 13s
  5. 10m 58s
    1. Installing MAMP
      4m 6s
    2. Configuring Apache and MySQL server ports
      1m 57s
    3. Managing MAMP
      4m 55s
  6. 29m 3s
    1. Installing XAMPP for Windows
      10m 0s
    2. Managing XAMPP for Windows
      4m 4s
    3. Managing MySQL security through XAMPP for Windows
      2m 40s
    4. Installing XAMPP for Mac OS X
      6m 14s
    5. Managing XAMPP for Mac OS X
      2m 27s
    6. Managing MySQL security through XAMPP
      3m 38s
  7. 13m 20s
    1. Installing BitNami for Windows
      6m 31s
    2. Installing BitNami for Mac OS X
      6m 49s
  8. 18m 49s
    1. Handling port conflicts with Skype on Windows
      2m 37s
    2. Handling other port conflicts on Windows
      5m 19s
    3. Detecting and handling port conflicts on Mac OS X
      6m 26s
    4. Configuring Apache to work with IPv6 on Windows 8
      4m 27s
  9. 31s
    1. Goodbye
      31s

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