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Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP
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Installing XAMPP for Mac OS X


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Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP

with David Gassner

Video: Installing XAMPP for Mac OS X

The XAMPP software stack for Mac OS 10, includes the Down at the bottom, in the XAMPP for Apple section, you'll see that as of the time On the installer itself though, you can I'll go to Terminal, and I'll type sudo apachectl stop.
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  1. 17m 35s
    1. Welcome UPDATED
      1m 9s
    2. Understanding Apache, MySQL, and PHP
      7m 12s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 7s
    4. What's new in this update UPDATED
      3m 35s
    5. Choosing a software stack
      4m 32s
  2. 30m 18s
    1. Installing Apache HTTP Server 2.4 on Windows
      6m 51s
    2. Installing PHP 5.5 on Windows
      4m 12s
    3. Starting Apache from the command line
      5m 24s
    4. Installing MySQL on Windows UPDATED
      7m 24s
    5. Installing phpMyAdmin on Windows
      6m 27s
  3. 44m 5s
    1. Activating Apache on Leopard and Snow Leopard
      3m 35s
    2. Activating Apache on Lion
      5m 9s
    3. Activating Apache on Mountain Lion and Mavericks
      4m 57s
    4. Configuring personal site folders on Mountain Lion and Mavericks UPDATED
      6m 59s
    5. Activating PHP on Mac OS X
      6m 12s
    6. Installing MySQL on Mac OS X
      3m 59s
    7. Setting the root user password
      2m 28s
    8. Installing phpMyAdmin on Mac OS X
      6m 16s
    9. Uninstalling MySQL on Mac OS X
      4m 30s
  4. 14m 35s
    1. Installing WampServer
      6m 25s
    2. Managing WampServer
      2m 2s
    3. Defining directory aliases through WampServer
      2m 55s
    4. Changing software versions with WampServer add-ons
      3m 13s
  5. 10m 58s
    1. Installing MAMP UPDATED
      4m 6s
    2. Configuring Apache and MySQL server ports UPDATED
      1m 57s
    3. Managing MAMP UPDATED
      4m 55s
  6. 29m 3s
    1. Installing XAMPP for Windows UPDATED
      10m 0s
    2. Managing XAMPP for Windows
      4m 4s
    3. Managing MySQL security through XAMPP for Windows
      2m 40s
    4. Installing XAMPP for Mac OS X UPDATED
      6m 14s
    5. Managing XAMPP for Mac OS X
      2m 27s
    6. Managing MySQL security through XAMPP
      3m 38s
  7. 13m 20s
    1. Installing BitNami for Windows
      6m 31s
    2. Installing BitNami for Mac OS X UPDATED
      6m 49s
  8. 18m 49s
    1. Handling port conflicts with Skype on Windows
      2m 37s
    2. Handling other port conflicts on Windows
      5m 19s
    3. Detecting and handling port conflicts on Mac OS X
      6m 26s
    4. Configuring Apache to work with IPv6 on Windows 8
      4m 27s
  9. 31s
    1. Goodbye
      31s

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Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP
2h 59m Intermediate Jan 21, 2011 Updated Mar 28, 2014

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP with David Gassner describes how to install and configure Apache HTTP server, MySQL database server, and PHP, known as the AMP stack, on a local development computer. Chapters are devoted to multiple installation approaches: installing the components separately on both Windows and Mac (including coverage of Apache and PHP on Mac OS X 10.7 Lion and 10.8 Mountain Lion), installing the pre-packaged Apache and MySQL distributions in WampServer on Windows and MAMP on Mac, and installing the cross-platform XAMPP and Bitnami on both Mac and Windows. Exercise files are included with the course.

This course was updated on 07/06/2012.

Topics include:
  • Performing Apache, PHP, and MySQL as separate installs
  • Activating Apache and PHP on Leopard, Snow Leopard, and Lion
  • Setting the MySQL root user password
  • Installing WampServer
  • Changing software versions with WampServer add-ons
  • Installing MAMP
  • Configuring MAMP's Apache and MySQL server ports
  • Installing XAMPP for Windows and Mac
  • Managing MySQL security through XAMPP
  • Installing Bitnami for Windows and Mac
  • Detecting and handling port conflicts
  • Working with Apache and IPV6 in Windows 8
Subjects:
Developer Web Servers Databases
Software:
MySQL PHP HTTP Server Apache HTTP Server
Author:
David Gassner

Installing XAMPP for Mac OS X

The XAMPP software stack for Mac OS 10, includes the Apache, MySQL, and PHP components, but also includes an FTP server. One of the advantages of this particular software distribution, is that you can get additional modules from BiNnami, and easily install popular web applications; such as WordPress, Drouple and Junelaw. You can download the XAMPP software from www.apachefriends.org.

On the homepage, you'll see a link for XAMPP for Apple and that will always download the most recent version. But you can find additional versions by clicking the download link at the top of the page. Down at the bottom, in the XAMPP for Apple section, you'll see that as of the time of this recording, there were two versions available: one that includes PHP 5.4, and one with PHP 5.5. I've downloaded the most recent version to my desktop.

It's a DMG file, so I'll double-click it to open the DMG and mount the volume. Then I'll double-click the installer application. The first time you run the installer application, you might see this internet security notification. And if you do, just click open. Then, I'll type in my administrative password, and that launches the installer. Notice the BitNami splash screen that goes by and the BitNami graphic on the first screen of the installer.

The relationship between XAMPP and BitNami works like this. The core XAMPP stack that includes Apache, PHP, and MySQL is maintained by the Apache friends organization, but BitNami maintains those additional modules. From the first screen, click Next. And then click Next again. And Next again. On this screen, you can click the link to go to the webpage that describes that relationship between BitNami and XAMPP.

On the installer itself though, you can uncheck this option and continue with the installation. I'll click Next, and that will begin the installation. But before I do that, I'll make sure that I don't have any other copies of Apache currently running. I'll go to Terminal, and I'll type sudo apachectl stop. I'll type my administrative password again, and if I see the message error unloading, that means the built in version of Apache, that's included with OS X isn't running.

And I won't have conflicts between that version of Apache and the XAMPP version. Also check to make sure that you don't have anything like MAMP installed. I'll go back to the installer and click Next. And now the installation begins. It will take a few minutes to unpack the files and copy them into the application's folder. When the installation is complete, you'll be ready to use Apache MySQL and PHP immediately. When you get to this screen, XAMPP has been installed. If you leave the option checked, you'll launch XAMPP immediately when you click the Finish button, and you should see this screen appear in a browser.

Notice in the URL, in the web browser, that my computer name is displayed. I am going to change this to localhost to show that you can address the XAMPP server, either through the computer name, through local host, or through 127.0.0.1, and then I'll click on English for the language I want to use. Now also on the background, this application will have opened. This is the XAMPP management console. There are three tabs across the top, Labeled Welcome, Manage Servers and Application Log.

Notice on the Manage Servers tab that Apache has started but MySQL hasn't. So the next step is to start up MySQL. I'll click on it and I'll click Start. It will take a few moments for my SQL to start up and just wait a moment until you see that the status changes to running. Then to confirm that everything is working, I'll minimize the management console and then on the menu I'll click phpMyAdmin. To open up the MySQL Management Application.

You'll see that the default installation contains a number of databases. The standard ones that appear in all the installations of MySQL such as MySQL itself and a number of others. and you can use the test database to run tests on your server. I'll show you just two more things about the installation. First of all, in the Applications folder, I'll scroll down to the bottom and open the XAMPF folder. Within the XAMPP folder, there is a link to the htdocs folder.

This is where you can put all of your standard web files. There is also an uninstall script, and you can use that script to uninstall if you don't need it anymore. And you'll find other useful folders, such as the Bin folder and the XAMPP Files folder. Under ZAMP files, there is an Apache 2 folder, which as a cuff or configuration folder and this is the HTTP configuration file. There is a PHP folder and a PHP MyAdmin folder.

So that's the XAMPP installation for Mac OS X. If you need to restart the management console later on, you can double-click Manager-OSX. The XAMPP software stack for Mac OS X includes everything you need to get started developing and testing your PHP web applications.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP.


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Q: I followed the procedure in the "Installing XAMP for Windows" video, but 1) I got no text file popup after install, and 2) the Admin button does not bring up phpMyAdmin page. Nothing happens even though the Running button is green.

A: The text window not popping up after the installation is just a difference in the installation flow; it shouldn't cause any functional problems.

The issue around phpMyAdmin not opening correctly from the Xampp Control Panel has come up before. There is a bug in the newest version of Xampp for Windows (version 1.7.4) that affects the Control Panel. After starting the Control Panel, and then starting both Apache and MySQL, clicking the MySQL Admin button doesn't open the browser to the phpMyAdmin as expected. However, both MySQL and phpMyAdmin are working correctly.

Follow these steps instead:
  1. Click the Admin button next to Apache to open the Xampp home page in the browser.
  2. Click phpMyAdmin under the Tools section of the menu on the left side of the page.
phpMyAdmin should open correctly. From that point, you should be able to manage your database.
Q: I'm using TextWrangler on the Mac to uncomment the following line in the httpd.conf file, as shown in the video "Activating PHP with the included Apache server" in Chapter 2:

LoadModule php5_module libexec/apache2/libphp5.so

When I try to save the changes, I get the message "Error code: -5000". What's going wrong?
A: This is a common issue with the latest version of TextWrangler. Here's another way of editing the file with a command line editor named Pico that's included in Mac OS X. Remember, most text editors don't give you the ability to edit files as the "root user", and you need those rights to edit the httpd.conf file.

Unlike TextWrangler, Pico doesn't accept mouse input, so you have to do everything with the keyboard:
  1. Open Terminal from /Applications/Utilities/Terminal.
  2. Type sudo pico /private/etc/apache2/httpd.conf.
  3. Type your password and press Return.
  4. Press Ctrl+W for 'Where is'.
  5. Type 'php' and press Return. You should find the commented-out line with php5_module
  6. Delete the '#' at the beginning of the line.
  7. Press Ctrl+X for 'Exit'.
  8. Press Y for 'Yes'.
  9. Press Return to save and exit
We recommend also using Pico to edit the php.ini file.
Q: After downloading XAMPP I was unable to start Apache from the control panel. MySQL started fine. When I click the Start button next to Apache it looks like it starts and then stops. Here is the output:

Busy
Apache Started (Port 80)

The MySQL button says "running" with a stop button; the Apache button still? says start no matter how many time I click it.
A: This usually means that another program is using Port 80 (the port that Apache needs). Port 80 is used for any web server, so you either have another web server running or you're running something else (usually Skype) that is using Port 80.

If you're running Skype (and this is really common), you need to configure it to use a different port. If it's not Skype, it may be that you're running another web server or IIS (Microsoft Internet Information Server, the web server that comes with Windows), which you'll need to quit.
Q: This course was updated on 07/06/2012. What changed?
A: A few of the WampServer movies were updated to reflect the new user interface. We also added movies on installing Bitnami, an open source stack solution, and troubleshooting Apache to work with IPV6 on Windows 8.
Q: This course was updated on 01/09/2012. What changed?
A: Two new movies were added to Chapter 2, "Installing Separate Components on Mac OS X," to reflect the changes in the latest version of Mac OS X, Mountain Lion (version 10.8). These movies cover activating Apache and configuring personal site folders in Mountain Lion.
Q: This course was updated on 8/23/2013. What changed?
A: We added new software download locations and coverage of Apache HTTP Server 2.4 on Windows, as well as information on managing Apache from the command prompt, editing hidden config files with the nano editor, and installing the new version of Bitnami on Windows and Mac OS X.
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