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Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP
Illustration by Don Barnett
Watching:

Installing MySQL on Mac OS X


From:

Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP

with David Gassner

Video: Installing MySQL on Mac OS X

Unlike the Apache web server and PHP, the mySQL database is not installed by default with Mac OS 10. So, if you want to use the database, you have to download and install it yourself. You can get the free community server edition of mySQL by going to www.mysql.com/downloads and click on mysql community server. Scroll down this screen and you'll see that there are a number of different installers for Mac OS X. There are different compression versions.
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  1. 17m 35s
    1. Welcome
      1m 9s
    2. Understanding Apache, MySQL, and PHP
      7m 12s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 7s
    4. What's new in this update
      3m 35s
    5. Choosing a software stack
      4m 32s
  2. 30m 18s
    1. Installing Apache HTTP Server 2.4 on Windows
      6m 51s
    2. Installing PHP 5.5 on Windows
      4m 12s
    3. Starting Apache from the command line
      5m 24s
    4. Installing MySQL on Windows
      7m 24s
    5. Installing phpMyAdmin on Windows
      6m 27s
  3. 44m 5s
    1. Activating Apache on Leopard and Snow Leopard
      3m 35s
    2. Activating Apache on Lion
      5m 9s
    3. Activating Apache on Mountain Lion and Mavericks
      4m 57s
    4. Configuring personal site folders on Mountain Lion and Mavericks
      6m 59s
    5. Activating PHP on Mac OS X
      6m 12s
    6. Installing MySQL on Mac OS X
      3m 59s
    7. Setting the root user password
      2m 28s
    8. Installing phpMyAdmin on Mac OS X
      6m 16s
    9. Uninstalling MySQL on Mac OS X
      4m 30s
  4. 14m 35s
    1. Installing WampServer
      6m 25s
    2. Managing WampServer
      2m 2s
    3. Defining directory aliases through WampServer
      2m 55s
    4. Changing software versions with WampServer add-ons
      3m 13s
  5. 10m 58s
    1. Installing MAMP
      4m 6s
    2. Configuring Apache and MySQL server ports
      1m 57s
    3. Managing MAMP
      4m 55s
  6. 29m 3s
    1. Installing XAMPP for Windows
      10m 0s
    2. Managing XAMPP for Windows
      4m 4s
    3. Managing MySQL security through XAMPP for Windows
      2m 40s
    4. Installing XAMPP for Mac OS X
      6m 14s
    5. Managing XAMPP for Mac OS X
      2m 27s
    6. Managing MySQL security through XAMPP
      3m 38s
  7. 13m 20s
    1. Installing BitNami for Windows
      6m 31s
    2. Installing BitNami for Mac OS X
      6m 49s
  8. 18m 49s
    1. Handling port conflicts with Skype on Windows
      2m 37s
    2. Handling other port conflicts on Windows
      5m 19s
    3. Detecting and handling port conflicts on Mac OS X
      6m 26s
    4. Configuring Apache to work with IPv6 on Windows 8
      4m 27s
  9. 31s
    1. Goodbye
      31s

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Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP
2h 59m Intermediate Jan 21, 2011 Updated Mar 28, 2014

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP with David Gassner describes how to install and configure Apache HTTP server, MySQL database server, and PHP, known as the AMP stack, on a local development computer. Chapters are devoted to multiple installation approaches: installing the components separately on both Windows and Mac (including coverage of Apache and PHP on Mac OS X 10.7 Lion and 10.8 Mountain Lion), installing the pre-packaged Apache and MySQL distributions in WampServer on Windows and MAMP on Mac, and installing the cross-platform XAMPP and Bitnami on both Mac and Windows. Exercise files are included with the course.

This course was updated on 07/06/2012.

Topics include:
  • Performing Apache, PHP, and MySQL as separate installs
  • Activating Apache and PHP on Leopard, Snow Leopard, and Lion
  • Setting the MySQL root user password
  • Installing WampServer
  • Changing software versions with WampServer add-ons
  • Installing MAMP
  • Configuring MAMP's Apache and MySQL server ports
  • Installing XAMPP for Windows and Mac
  • Managing MySQL security through XAMPP
  • Installing Bitnami for Windows and Mac
  • Detecting and handling port conflicts
  • Working with Apache and IPV6 in Windows 8
Subjects:
Developer Web Servers Databases
Software:
MySQL PHP HTTP Server Apache HTTP Server
Author:
David Gassner

Installing MySQL on Mac OS X

Unlike the Apache web server and PHP, the mySQL database is not installed by default with Mac OS 10. So, if you want to use the database, you have to download and install it yourself. You can get the free community server edition of mySQL by going to www.mysql.com/downloads and click on mysql community server. Scroll down this screen and you'll see that there are a number of different installers for Mac OS X. There are different compression versions.

There are tar archives and dmg archives. But there are also 32 and 64 bit versions of the database. You should install the version that matches your version of Mac OSX. Now, if you have a relatively new Mac with an Intel chip, You're almost certainly running 64-bit Mac, but if you want to make absolutely sure, here's a little trick. Go to Terminal and then type in the following command. Type it in exactly shown here. It is case sensitive.

ioreg–l–p, space, then IO device tree, then the pipe character, which is the character on the same key as the backslash. Then grep, space, and then finally, firmware dash ABI. You're executing a command that will tell you which version of Mac OS ten you're running. Press return. If the output includes the string EFI 64, then you're running 64 bit Mac.

I'm running 64 bit Mac OS X, so I'm going to use this version of the database server. Mac OS X version 10.6, x86, 64 bit, DMG archive. If you're running an older version of Mac OS X such as Leopard, use the appropriate version of MySQL. Now, I've already downloaded this DMG file to my desktop, and I'll run through the installation. I'll double-click the DMG file to open it, and I'll find three installers, one for the database One for an item that will go into the system preferences pane, and one for something called the MySQL startup item.

I'm going to install the first two. I'll start with the database. I double-click the dmg file, and click Continue. I'll click Continue again. I'll review the license agreement, and if I agree with its terms, I'll click Continue, and then Agree. I'll click Continue and click Install. If prompted for a password, type your administrative password in. It takes just a few minutes to write the files to your disc and execute a few simple configurations.

After the installation is complete, close the application and go back to your virtual disk. Next, I'll install the item for the system preferences. I'll double-click. And then at the prompt, I'll choose Install for all users of this computer, and then click Install. When prompted, I once again type in my administrator password. This adds an item to the system preferences pane that will let you easily start and stop your MySQL server.

I'll click the Start button. Once again, type in my password. And, after a few moments, MySQL server is running. If I later want to stop the server, I just click the button again. To get back to this panel, go to the System Preferences item on the Apple menu. And you'll find MySQL in the Other section of the System preferences. So that's a look at how to determine which version of MySQL. You should install, how to get and install the software from MySQL, and then how to use the System preferences pane to stop and start the server.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP.


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Q: I followed the procedure in the "Installing XAMP for Windows" video, but 1) I got no text file popup after install, and 2) the Admin button does not bring up phpMyAdmin page. Nothing happens even though the Running button is green.

A: The text window not popping up after the installation is just a difference in the installation flow; it shouldn't cause any functional problems.

The issue around phpMyAdmin not opening correctly from the Xampp Control Panel has come up before. There is a bug in the newest version of Xampp for Windows (version 1.7.4) that affects the Control Panel. After starting the Control Panel, and then starting both Apache and MySQL, clicking the MySQL Admin button doesn't open the browser to the phpMyAdmin as expected. However, both MySQL and phpMyAdmin are working correctly.

Follow these steps instead:
  1. Click the Admin button next to Apache to open the Xampp home page in the browser.
  2. Click phpMyAdmin under the Tools section of the menu on the left side of the page.
phpMyAdmin should open correctly. From that point, you should be able to manage your database.
Q: I'm using TextWrangler on the Mac to uncomment the following line in the httpd.conf file, as shown in the video "Activating PHP with the included Apache server" in Chapter 2:

LoadModule php5_module libexec/apache2/libphp5.so

When I try to save the changes, I get the message "Error code: -5000". What's going wrong?
A: This is a common issue with the latest version of TextWrangler. Here's another way of editing the file with a command line editor named Pico that's included in Mac OS X. Remember, most text editors don't give you the ability to edit files as the "root user", and you need those rights to edit the httpd.conf file.

Unlike TextWrangler, Pico doesn't accept mouse input, so you have to do everything with the keyboard:
  1. Open Terminal from /Applications/Utilities/Terminal.
  2. Type sudo pico /private/etc/apache2/httpd.conf.
  3. Type your password and press Return.
  4. Press Ctrl+W for 'Where is'.
  5. Type 'php' and press Return. You should find the commented-out line with php5_module
  6. Delete the '#' at the beginning of the line.
  7. Press Ctrl+X for 'Exit'.
  8. Press Y for 'Yes'.
  9. Press Return to save and exit
We recommend also using Pico to edit the php.ini file.
Q: After downloading XAMPP I was unable to start Apache from the control panel. MySQL started fine. When I click the Start button next to Apache it looks like it starts and then stops. Here is the output:

Busy
Apache Started (Port 80)

The MySQL button says "running" with a stop button; the Apache button still? says start no matter how many time I click it.
A: This usually means that another program is using Port 80 (the port that Apache needs). Port 80 is used for any web server, so you either have another web server running or you're running something else (usually Skype) that is using Port 80.

If you're running Skype (and this is really common), you need to configure it to use a different port. If it's not Skype, it may be that you're running another web server or IIS (Microsoft Internet Information Server, the web server that comes with Windows), which you'll need to quit.
Q: This course was updated on 07/06/2012. What changed?
A: A few of the WampServer movies were updated to reflect the new user interface. We also added movies on installing Bitnami, an open source stack solution, and troubleshooting Apache to work with IPV6 on Windows 8.
Q: This course was updated on 01/09/2012. What changed?
A: Two new movies were added to Chapter 2, "Installing Separate Components on Mac OS X," to reflect the changes in the latest version of Mac OS X, Mountain Lion (version 10.8). These movies cover activating Apache and configuring personal site folders in Mountain Lion.
Q: This course was updated on 8/23/2013. What changed?
A: We added new software download locations and coverage of Apache HTTP Server 2.4 on Windows, as well as information on managing Apache from the command prompt, editing hidden config files with the nano editor, and installing the new version of Bitnami on Windows and Mac OS X.
 
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