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Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP with David Gassner describes how to install and configure Apache HTTP server, MySQL database server, and PHP, known as the AMP stack, on a local development computer. Chapters are devoted to multiple installation approaches: installing the components separately on both Windows and Mac (including coverage of Apache and PHP on Mac OS X 10.7 Lion and 10.8 Mountain Lion), installing the pre-packaged Apache and MySQL distributions in WampServer on Windows and MAMP on Mac, and installing the cross-platform XAMPP and Bitnami on both Mac and Windows. Exercise files are included with the course.
This course was updated on 07/06/2012.
Bitnami maintains an Apache, MySQL and PHP stack for Mac OS 10 called MAMP stack. It's available from Bitnami.com/stack/MAMP. There are two ways to install this stack. You can get it directly from the Mac App Store. And this is a very simple installation. When you install in this way, you'll always be using Apache on port 8080, not the standard port 80.
If you want the full stack, you should download the installer from this webpage. By default, you'll still be running on port 8080, but I'm going to show you a technique that will let you install with the standard port 80 instead. Also, one of the advantages of this software stack, is that the initial installation lets you install standard PHP frameworks, such as Zen framework Symphony, Code Igniter and more. I've downloaded the DMG file to my desktop and I'm going to double-click to mount the volume.
The volume includes a standard installation process. I'm not going to start it from here. If I do it this way, I'll be working with non-root privileges, and that will result in running Apache on port 8080. In order to run on port 80, I need to start the installer from terminal. To make that a little bit easier, I'll click and drag the installer to my desktop. Then I'll open up terminal. In terminal, I'll change to my desktop folder, with tilde slash desktop.
And then I'll use the sudo command. That's super user do. And then I'll drill down into the contents of the Bitnami AMP application folder. I'll start by typing bit. And I'll press Tab. And terminal will autocomplete the package folder name. Now I'll go downa couple more levels, to Contents/MacOS and then I'll type ins, and press Tab, and then add .sh.
Now here's what I'm doing. I'm running the install builder script as the super user, and that will allow me to bind to port 80. I'll press Return, and type my administrative password, and that will launch the installer application. If you previously worked through the XAMPP installation, this is going to look very familiar. The XAMPP installation and the Bitnami installation share a lot of features. You'll see that the management console looks almost identical, but one of the big differences is that the Bitnami installation lets you install these frameworks.
You don't have to go get separate modules. I'm not going to be using any of these frameworks, so I'm going to uncheck them. That will make the installation go a lot faster. But I'll be sure to include PHP My Admin. At the next screen, I'll select what folder I want to install to and I'll accept the default. I'll click Next again, and I'll type in the root password I want to use. In my mysql database. It has to be at least six characters long. I'll type it twice and click Next again.
On this screen I'll uncheck this option. It would just result in showing me a web page about Bitnami's cloud hosting services. I'll click Next again. And Next again and that launches the installation. It'll take a few minutes to unpack all of the files and then install the entire stack. But once the installation is complete, you'll be ready to do your development and testing on your local system using the Bitnami software stack. When you see this screen the installation is complete.
I'll use the option to launch the MAMP stack selected and click finish, and that will start the servers and launch the management console. The first thing you'll see is the web browser, and if you look at the URL, you should see it displayed without any port information. And that's a confirmation that the installation of Apache, listening on port 80, worked correctly. The management console application is named Manager-OSX. Just like XAMPP, it includes the three tabs labeled Welcome, Manage Servers, and Application log.
On the Manage Servers tab, you can start and stop your servers. And you can try to configure them from here, but you might find it tough to change the ports from this screen. Notice that I'm listening on standard ports because I installed as superuser. You can get to phpMyAdmin from the management console by clicking this button. And you'll get to the login screen. Type in the username which is always root and then the password which you selected during the installation. That should take you to the phpMyAdmin Web Application, where you can create and manage your databases.
You can also get to phpMyAdmin from the MAMP Stack home page. Click on the Applications tab and then click Access. The management console has a button that will take you to the Application folder. This opens the folder where the MAMP stack is installed. This is where you'll find the manager dash OS X application, that's the management console, and the uninstall script. If you installed as superuser, you might find that the uninstall script doesn't work, but you can safely uninstall MAMP Stack by simply dragging the entire folder to the trash.
The Apache 2 folder contains the HT Docs folder. This is your documents home folder. And this is where you should put your HTML image and other web assets. So that's a look at getting started with the Bitnami stack. Again, one of the advantage of this particular AM stack is that it makes it very easy to install popular PHP frameworks at the same time as installing the standard Apache stack. There are also versions of this stack that already have standard web applications included such as WordPress, Drupal, and Joomla and you can find all those on the Bitnami website.
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