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Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP
Illustration by Don Barnett

Installing BitNami for Mac OS X


Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP

with David Gassner

Video: Installing BitNami for Mac OS X

Bitnami maintains an Apache, MySQL and PHP stack for Mac OS 10 called MAMP stack. Then I'll open up terminal.
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  1. 17m 35s
    1. Welcome
      1m 9s
    2. Understanding Apache, MySQL, and PHP
      7m 12s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 7s
    4. What's new in this update
      3m 35s
    5. Choosing a software stack
      4m 32s
  2. 30m 18s
    1. Installing Apache HTTP Server 2.4 on Windows
      6m 51s
    2. Installing PHP 5.5 on Windows
      4m 12s
    3. Starting Apache from the command line
      5m 24s
    4. Installing MySQL on Windows
      7m 24s
    5. Installing phpMyAdmin on Windows
      6m 27s
  3. 44m 5s
    1. Activating Apache on Leopard and Snow Leopard
      3m 35s
    2. Activating Apache on Lion
      5m 9s
    3. Activating Apache on Mountain Lion and Mavericks
      4m 57s
    4. Configuring personal site folders on Mountain Lion and Mavericks
      6m 59s
    5. Activating PHP on Mac OS X
      6m 12s
    6. Installing MySQL on Mac OS X
      3m 59s
    7. Setting the root user password
      2m 28s
    8. Installing phpMyAdmin on Mac OS X
      6m 16s
    9. Uninstalling MySQL on Mac OS X
      4m 30s
  4. 14m 35s
    1. Installing WampServer
      6m 25s
    2. Managing WampServer
      2m 2s
    3. Defining directory aliases through WampServer
      2m 55s
    4. Changing software versions with WampServer add-ons
      3m 13s
  5. 10m 58s
    1. Installing MAMP
      4m 6s
    2. Configuring Apache and MySQL server ports
      1m 57s
    3. Managing MAMP
      4m 55s
  6. 29m 3s
    1. Installing XAMPP for Windows
      10m 0s
    2. Managing XAMPP for Windows
      4m 4s
    3. Managing MySQL security through XAMPP for Windows
      2m 40s
    4. Installing XAMPP for Mac OS X
      6m 14s
    5. Managing XAMPP for Mac OS X
      2m 27s
    6. Managing MySQL security through XAMPP
      3m 38s
  7. 13m 20s
    1. Installing BitNami for Windows
      6m 31s
    2. Installing BitNami for Mac OS X
      6m 49s
  8. 18m 49s
    1. Handling port conflicts with Skype on Windows
      2m 37s
    2. Handling other port conflicts on Windows
      5m 19s
    3. Detecting and handling port conflicts on Mac OS X
      6m 26s
    4. Configuring Apache to work with IPv6 on Windows 8
      4m 27s
  9. 31s
    1. Goodbye

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Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP
2h 59m Intermediate Jan 21, 2011 Updated Mar 28, 2014

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP with David Gassner describes how to install and configure Apache HTTP server, MySQL database server, and PHP, known as the AMP stack, on a local development computer. Chapters are devoted to multiple installation approaches: installing the components separately on both Windows and Mac (including coverage of Apache and PHP on Mac OS X 10.7 Lion and 10.8 Mountain Lion), installing the pre-packaged Apache and MySQL distributions in WampServer on Windows and MAMP on Mac, and installing the cross-platform XAMPP and Bitnami on both Mac and Windows. Exercise files are included with the course.

This course was updated on 07/06/2012.

Topics include:
  • Performing Apache, PHP, and MySQL as separate installs
  • Activating Apache and PHP on Leopard, Snow Leopard, and Lion
  • Setting the MySQL root user password
  • Installing WampServer
  • Changing software versions with WampServer add-ons
  • Installing MAMP
  • Configuring MAMP's Apache and MySQL server ports
  • Installing XAMPP for Windows and Mac
  • Managing MySQL security through XAMPP
  • Installing Bitnami for Windows and Mac
  • Detecting and handling port conflicts
  • Working with Apache and IPV6 in Windows 8
Developer Web Servers Databases
MySQL PHP HTTP Server Apache HTTP Server
David Gassner

Installing BitNami for Mac OS X

Bitnami maintains an Apache, MySQL and PHP stack for Mac OS 10 called MAMP stack. It's available from There are two ways to install this stack. You can get it directly from the Mac App Store. And this is a very simple installation. When you install in this way, you'll always be using Apache on port 8080, not the standard port 80.

If you want the full stack, you should download the installer from this webpage. By default, you'll still be running on port 8080, but I'm going to show you a technique that will let you install with the standard port 80 instead. Also, one of the advantages of this software stack, is that the initial installation lets you install standard PHP frameworks, such as Zen framework Symphony, Code Igniter and more. I've downloaded the DMG file to my desktop and I'm going to double-click to mount the volume.

The volume includes a standard installation process. I'm not going to start it from here. If I do it this way, I'll be working with non-root privileges, and that will result in running Apache on port 8080. In order to run on port 80, I need to start the installer from terminal. To make that a little bit easier, I'll click and drag the installer to my desktop. Then I'll open up terminal. In terminal, I'll change to my desktop folder, with tilde slash desktop.

And then I'll use the sudo command. That's super user do. And then I'll drill down into the contents of the Bitnami AMP application folder. I'll start by typing bit. And I'll press Tab. And terminal will autocomplete the package folder name. Now I'll go downa couple more levels, to Contents/MacOS and then I'll type ins, and press Tab, and then add .sh.

Now here's what I'm doing. I'm running the install builder script as the super user, and that will allow me to bind to port 80. I'll press Return, and type my administrative password, and that will launch the installer application. If you previously worked through the XAMPP installation, this is going to look very familiar. The XAMPP installation and the Bitnami installation share a lot of features. You'll see that the management console looks almost identical, but one of the big differences is that the Bitnami installation lets you install these frameworks.

You don't have to go get separate modules. I'm not going to be using any of these frameworks, so I'm going to uncheck them. That will make the installation go a lot faster. But I'll be sure to include PHP My Admin. At the next screen, I'll select what folder I want to install to and I'll accept the default. I'll click Next again, and I'll type in the root password I want to use. In my mysql database. It has to be at least six characters long. I'll type it twice and click Next again.

On this screen I'll uncheck this option. It would just result in showing me a web page about Bitnami's cloud hosting services. I'll click Next again. And Next again and that launches the installation. It'll take a few minutes to unpack all of the files and then install the entire stack. But once the installation is complete, you'll be ready to do your development and testing on your local system using the Bitnami software stack. When you see this screen the installation is complete.

I'll use the option to launch the MAMP stack selected and click finish, and that will start the servers and launch the management console. The first thing you'll see is the web browser, and if you look at the URL, you should see it displayed without any port information. And that's a confirmation that the installation of Apache, listening on port 80, worked correctly. The management console application is named Manager-OSX. Just like XAMPP, it includes the three tabs labeled Welcome, Manage Servers, and Application log.

On the Manage Servers tab, you can start and stop your servers. And you can try to configure them from here, but you might find it tough to change the ports from this screen. Notice that I'm listening on standard ports because I installed as superuser. You can get to phpMyAdmin from the management console by clicking this button. And you'll get to the login screen. Type in the username which is always root and then the password which you selected during the installation. That should take you to the phpMyAdmin Web Application, where you can create and manage your databases.

You can also get to phpMyAdmin from the MAMP Stack home page. Click on the Applications tab and then click Access. The management console has a button that will take you to the Application folder. This opens the folder where the MAMP stack is installed. This is where you'll find the manager dash OS X application, that's the management console, and the uninstall script. If you installed as superuser, you might find that the uninstall script doesn't work, but you can safely uninstall MAMP Stack by simply dragging the entire folder to the trash.

The Apache 2 folder contains the HT Docs folder. This is your documents home folder. And this is where you should put your HTML image and other web assets. So that's a look at getting started with the Bitnami stack. Again, one of the advantage of this particular AM stack is that it makes it very easy to install popular PHP frameworks at the same time as installing the standard Apache stack. There are also versions of this stack that already have standard web applications included such as WordPress, Drupal, and Joomla and you can find all those on the Bitnami website.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP.

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Q: I followed the procedure in the "Installing XAMP for Windows" video, but 1) I got no text file popup after install, and 2) the Admin button does not bring up phpMyAdmin page. Nothing happens even though the Running button is green.

A: The text window not popping up after the installation is just a difference in the installation flow; it shouldn't cause any functional problems.

The issue around phpMyAdmin not opening correctly from the Xampp Control Panel has come up before. There is a bug in the newest version of Xampp for Windows (version 1.7.4) that affects the Control Panel. After starting the Control Panel, and then starting both Apache and MySQL, clicking the MySQL Admin button doesn't open the browser to the phpMyAdmin as expected. However, both MySQL and phpMyAdmin are working correctly.

Follow these steps instead:
  1. Click the Admin button next to Apache to open the Xampp home page in the browser.
  2. Click phpMyAdmin under the Tools section of the menu on the left side of the page.
phpMyAdmin should open correctly. From that point, you should be able to manage your database.
Q: I'm using TextWrangler on the Mac to uncomment the following line in the httpd.conf file, as shown in the video "Activating PHP with the included Apache server" in Chapter 2:

LoadModule php5_module libexec/apache2/

When I try to save the changes, I get the message "Error code: -5000". What's going wrong?
A: This is a common issue with the latest version of TextWrangler. Here's another way of editing the file with a command line editor named Pico that's included in Mac OS X. Remember, most text editors don't give you the ability to edit files as the "root user", and you need those rights to edit the httpd.conf file.

Unlike TextWrangler, Pico doesn't accept mouse input, so you have to do everything with the keyboard:
  1. Open Terminal from /Applications/Utilities/Terminal.
  2. Type sudo pico /private/etc/apache2/httpd.conf.
  3. Type your password and press Return.
  4. Press Ctrl+W for 'Where is'.
  5. Type 'php' and press Return. You should find the commented-out line with php5_module
  6. Delete the '#' at the beginning of the line.
  7. Press Ctrl+X for 'Exit'.
  8. Press Y for 'Yes'.
  9. Press Return to save and exit
We recommend also using Pico to edit the php.ini file.
Q: After downloading XAMPP I was unable to start Apache from the control panel. MySQL started fine. When I click the Start button next to Apache it looks like it starts and then stops. Here is the output:

Apache Started (Port 80)

The MySQL button says "running" with a stop button; the Apache button still? says start no matter how many time I click it.
A: This usually means that another program is using Port 80 (the port that Apache needs). Port 80 is used for any web server, so you either have another web server running or you're running something else (usually Skype) that is using Port 80.

If you're running Skype (and this is really common), you need to configure it to use a different port. If it's not Skype, it may be that you're running another web server or IIS (Microsoft Internet Information Server, the web server that comes with Windows), which you'll need to quit.
Q: This course was updated on 07/06/2012. What changed?
A: A few of the WampServer movies were updated to reflect the new user interface. We also added movies on installing Bitnami, an open source stack solution, and troubleshooting Apache to work with IPV6 on Windows 8.
Q: This course was updated on 01/09/2012. What changed?
A: Two new movies were added to Chapter 2, "Installing Separate Components on Mac OS X," to reflect the changes in the latest version of Mac OS X, Mountain Lion (version 10.8). These movies cover activating Apache and configuring personal site folders in Mountain Lion.
Q: This course was updated on 8/23/2013. What changed?
A: We added new software download locations and coverage of Apache HTTP Server 2.4 on Windows, as well as information on managing Apache from the command prompt, editing hidden config files with the nano editor, and installing the new version of Bitnami on Windows and Mac OS X.
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