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Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP
Watching:

Installing Apache HTTP Server 2.4 on Windows


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Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP

with David Gassner
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  1. 17m 35s
    1. Welcome UPDATED
      1m 9s
    2. Understanding Apache, MySQL, and PHP
      7m 12s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 7s
    4. What's new in this update UPDATED
      3m 35s
    5. Choosing a software stack
      4m 32s
  2. 30m 18s
    1. Installing Apache HTTP Server 2.4 on Windows
      6m 51s
    2. Installing PHP 5.5 on Windows
      4m 12s
    3. Starting Apache from the command line
      5m 24s
    4. Installing MySQL on Windows UPDATED
      7m 24s
    5. Installing phpMyAdmin on Windows
      6m 27s
  3. 44m 5s
    1. Activating Apache on Leopard and Snow Leopard
      3m 35s
    2. Activating Apache on Lion
      5m 9s
    3. Activating Apache on Mountain Lion and Mavericks
      4m 57s
    4. Configuring personal site folders on Mountain Lion and Mavericks UPDATED
      6m 59s
    5. Activating PHP on Mac OS X
      6m 12s
    6. Installing MySQL on Mac OS X
      3m 59s
    7. Setting the root user password
      2m 28s
    8. Installing phpMyAdmin on Mac OS X
      6m 16s
    9. Uninstalling MySQL on Mac OS X
      4m 30s
  4. 14m 35s
    1. Installing WampServer
      6m 25s
    2. Managing WampServer
      2m 2s
    3. Defining directory aliases through WampServer
      2m 55s
    4. Changing software versions with WampServer add-ons
      3m 13s
  5. 10m 58s
    1. Installing MAMP UPDATED
      4m 6s
    2. Configuring Apache and MySQL server ports UPDATED
      1m 57s
    3. Managing MAMP UPDATED
      4m 55s
  6. 29m 3s
    1. Installing XAMPP for Windows UPDATED
      10m 0s
    2. Managing XAMPP for Windows
      4m 4s
    3. Managing MySQL security through XAMPP for Windows
      2m 40s
    4. Installing XAMPP for Mac OS X UPDATED
      6m 14s
    5. Managing XAMPP for Mac OS X
      2m 27s
    6. Managing MySQL security through XAMPP
      3m 38s
  7. 13m 20s
    1. Installing BitNami for Windows
      6m 31s
    2. Installing BitNami for Mac OS X UPDATED
      6m 49s
  8. 18m 49s
    1. Handling port conflicts with Skype on Windows
      2m 37s
    2. Handling other port conflicts on Windows
      5m 19s
    3. Detecting and handling port conflicts on Mac OS X
      6m 26s
    4. Configuring Apache to work with IPv6 on Windows 8
      4m 27s
  9. 31s
    1. Goodbye
      31s

Video: Installing Apache HTTP Server 2.4 on Windows

The most recent version of the Apache HTTP server, as of the Before downloading and installing Apache you need to make sure that Once the files have been extracted, go to the C drive root.

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Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP
2h 59m Intermediate Jan 21, 2011 Updated Mar 28, 2014

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP with David Gassner describes how to install and configure Apache HTTP server, MySQL database server, and PHP, known as the AMP stack, on a local development computer. Chapters are devoted to multiple installation approaches: installing the components separately on both Windows and Mac (including coverage of Apache and PHP on Mac OS X 10.7 Lion and 10.8 Mountain Lion), installing the pre-packaged Apache and MySQL distributions in WampServer on Windows and MAMP on Mac, and installing the cross-platform XAMPP and Bitnami on both Mac and Windows. Exercise files are included with the course.

This course was updated on 07/06/2012.

Topics include:
  • Performing Apache, PHP, and MySQL as separate installs
  • Activating Apache and PHP on Leopard, Snow Leopard, and Lion
  • Setting the MySQL root user password
  • Installing WampServer
  • Changing software versions with WampServer add-ons
  • Installing MAMP
  • Configuring MAMP's Apache and MySQL server ports
  • Installing XAMPP for Windows and Mac
  • Managing MySQL security through XAMPP
  • Installing Bitnami for Windows and Mac
  • Detecting and handling port conflicts
  • Working with Apache and IPV6 in Windows 8
Subjects:
Developer Web Servers Databases
Software:
MySQL PHP HTTP Server Apache HTTP Server
Author:
David Gassner

Installing Apache HTTP Server 2.4 on Windows

The most recent version of the Apache HTTP server, as of the time of this recording, is version 2.4. And you can get binaries built from Microsoft Windows from this website: www.apachelounge.com/download/. On this page you'll see links for versions of Apache built with both Visual C++ 11 and Visual C++ 10. If you're working on Windows 7 or Windows 8, you should use the most recent version, VC11.

If you're working on Windows XP or Windows Vista, you'll need to use the earlier version. I'll focus on the most recent versions of everything. Before downloading and installing Apache you need to make sure that you have the right redistributable for C++ installed on your system. There's a link on this webpage to get to the right page on the Microsoft website and you can download the executable from here. When you click the download button use this version for X86, even if you're running 64-bit windows I'll be walking you through installing the 32-bit version of Apache and PHP, and I'll show you why in a later movie.

Check the option, click Next, and you'll be downloading the file. You'll also need the binary for Apache 2.4. Use whatever version is displayed on this screen. I'm using 2.4.6. And again, even if you're working with 64-bit Windows, choose the 32-bit version of Apache. I've already downloaded both of these files to my desktop, along with the right version of PHP that I'll show how to use in a later movie. Start by installing the Redistributable for C++.

When you double click to start the application, if you see these buttons labeled repair and uninstall, then you already have the Redistributable installed and you don't need to install it again. Just close the dialogue. But if you see an install button click it and follow the rest of the prompts to install C++. Along the way you might be prompted with user access control dialog and you might be asked to reboot your computer. Follow through all of those steps And then come back here.

And you're ready to install the Apache. The Apache binary is delivered as a zip archive file. It contains a folder named a Apache 2, 4, for Apache 2.4. Extract that folder and place it in your C drive root, in Windows explorer or file explorer, you can simply drag the folder on to your C drive and the photo will be extracted. Once the files have been extracted, go to the C drive root. You can keep that photo named the same as it was or you can rename it.

I'm going to rename it as simply Apache. If you rename it you'll need to make some changes in a configuration file. I'll open the Apache folder, and then go to the Conf folder for a configuration and I'll open the file httpd.conf. Depending on your computer's configuration, you might not see the file extension, but when you hover the cursor over the file, you should see the box appear, showing that it's a conf file. You can edit this file in any text editor.

I'll use Notepad. The configuration file contains a number of references to the installation folder. I'll press Ctrl+F for find, and type c:/apache24. Use a forward slash and not a backslash. Here's the first instance as part of the server route configuration. Now, again, there are many instances of this string. And you need to replace them all. So I'll get rid of the Find dialog. I'll click anywhere in the file to make sure nothing is selected.

I'll go to the Notepad Menu and choose Edit > Replace, and I'll search for c:/Apache24 and replace it with c:/Apache. And click Replace All. In Notepad, you don't see any indication of how many strings were found and replaced. But if you clicked Replace All, the operation is complete. You also need to make a change to a setting called Server Name. I'll press Ctrl+F and type in Server Name, and then I'll scroll down a little bit and find this setting.

It starts with a pound sign or hashmark. Which is a comment character. I'll remove that and then I'll change the value of ServerName to localhost. The default port is 80, and you don't have to add it in, but you can if you like. It looks like this. localhost:80. And now we're ready for our first test. I'll save my changes by pressing Ctrl+S, and close Notepad. And then I'll go to a command prompt. In Windows 8, you can get to a command prompt by moving the cursor to the lower left corner, right-clicking, and choosing Command Prompt or Command Prompt admin.

I'll choose just Command Prompt. In Windows 7, Windows Vista, and Windows XP, you can get to a command prompt by running an application called CMD. In the command prompt window, I'll change to the Apache folder And from there to the bin sub-folder. The bin folder contains a number of executables, including this critical one, httpd.exe. I'll run the server by typing httpd.exe.

When you press Enter, you might see a prompt for a firewall issue. If you see a firewall dialog box appear, click the appropriate button to accept this service. Now to test the server, go to a browser and type http://localhost and you should see this string of It works! . If you don't see that try refreshing the page by pressing Ctrl+R. Now I'll show you the file that's being displayed. In the Apache folder, there's a subfolder called htdocs.

This is your document root folder in a default Apache installation. And this file, index.html, is the file that's displayed by default when you navigate to local host in the browser. When you open it up in a text editor, you'll see that it's a very simple HTML page with an HTML tag, a body tag, an H1 tag, and the string it works. So if you've gotten this far, and you can see that page in the browser, your Apache HTTP server installation is working.

And you're ready to go to the next step, adding PHP.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP.


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Q: I followed the procedure in the "Installing XAMP for Windows" video, but 1) I got no text file popup after install, and 2) the Admin button does not bring up phpMyAdmin page. Nothing happens even though the Running button is green.

A: The text window not popping up after the installation is just a difference in the installation flow; it shouldn't cause any functional problems.

The issue around phpMyAdmin not opening correctly from the Xampp Control Panel has come up before. There is a bug in the newest version of Xampp for Windows (version 1.7.4) that affects the Control Panel. After starting the Control Panel, and then starting both Apache and MySQL, clicking the MySQL Admin button doesn't open the browser to the phpMyAdmin as expected. However, both MySQL and phpMyAdmin are working correctly.

Follow these steps instead:
  1. Click the Admin button next to Apache to open the Xampp home page in the browser.
  2. Click phpMyAdmin under the Tools section of the menu on the left side of the page.
phpMyAdmin should open correctly. From that point, you should be able to manage your database.
Q: I'm using TextWrangler on the Mac to uncomment the following line in the httpd.conf file, as shown in the video "Activating PHP with the included Apache server" in Chapter 2:

LoadModule php5_module libexec/apache2/libphp5.so

When I try to save the changes, I get the message "Error code: -5000". What's going wrong?
A: This is a common issue with the latest version of TextWrangler. Here's another way of editing the file with a command line editor named Pico that's included in Mac OS X. Remember, most text editors don't give you the ability to edit files as the "root user", and you need those rights to edit the httpd.conf file.

Unlike TextWrangler, Pico doesn't accept mouse input, so you have to do everything with the keyboard:
  1. Open Terminal from /Applications/Utilities/Terminal.
  2. Type sudo pico /private/etc/apache2/httpd.conf.
  3. Type your password and press Return.
  4. Press Ctrl+W for 'Where is'.
  5. Type 'php' and press Return. You should find the commented-out line with php5_module
  6. Delete the '#' at the beginning of the line.
  7. Press Ctrl+X for 'Exit'.
  8. Press Y for 'Yes'.
  9. Press Return to save and exit
We recommend also using Pico to edit the php.ini file.
Q: After downloading XAMPP I was unable to start Apache from the control panel. MySQL started fine. When I click the Start button next to Apache it looks like it starts and then stops. Here is the output:

Busy
Apache Started (Port 80)

The MySQL button says "running" with a stop button; the Apache button still? says start no matter how many time I click it.
A: This usually means that another program is using Port 80 (the port that Apache needs). Port 80 is used for any web server, so you either have another web server running or you're running something else (usually Skype) that is using Port 80.

If you're running Skype (and this is really common), you need to configure it to use a different port. If it's not Skype, it may be that you're running another web server or IIS (Microsoft Internet Information Server, the web server that comes with Windows), which you'll need to quit.
Q: This course was updated on 07/06/2012. What changed?
A: A few of the WampServer movies were updated to reflect the new user interface. We also added movies on installing Bitnami, an open source stack solution, and troubleshooting Apache to work with IPV6 on Windows 8.
Q: This course was updated on 01/09/2012. What changed?
A: Two new movies were added to Chapter 2, "Installing Separate Components on Mac OS X," to reflect the changes in the latest version of Mac OS X, Mountain Lion (version 10.8). These movies cover activating Apache and configuring personal site folders in Mountain Lion.
Q: This course was updated on 8/23/2013. What changed?
A: We added new software download locations and coverage of Apache HTTP Server 2.4 on Windows, as well as information on managing Apache from the command prompt, editing hidden config files with the nano editor, and installing the new version of Bitnami on Windows and Mac OS X.
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