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Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP with David Gassner describes how to install and configure Apache HTTP server, MySQL database server, and PHP, known as the AMP stack, on a local development computer. Chapters are devoted to multiple installation approaches: installing the components separately on both Windows and Mac (including coverage of Apache and PHP on Mac OS X 10.7 Lion and 10.8 Mountain Lion), installing the pre-packaged Apache and MySQL distributions in WampServer on Windows and MAMP on Mac, and installing the cross-platform XAMPP and Bitnami on both Mac and Windows. Exercise files are included with the course.
This course was updated on 07/06/2012.
The most recent version of the Apache HTTP server, as of the time of this recording, is version 2.4. And you can get binaries built from Microsoft Windows from this website: www.apachelounge.com/download/. On this page you'll see links for versions of Apache built with both Visual C++ 11 and Visual C++ 10. If you're working on Windows 7 or Windows 8, you should use the most recent version, VC11.
If you're working on Windows XP or Windows Vista, you'll need to use the earlier version. I'll focus on the most recent versions of everything. Before downloading and installing Apache you need to make sure that you have the right redistributable for C++ installed on your system. There's a link on this webpage to get to the right page on the Microsoft website and you can download the executable from here. When you click the download button use this version for X86, even if you're running 64-bit windows I'll be walking you through installing the 32-bit version of Apache and PHP, and I'll show you why in a later movie.
Check the option, click Next, and you'll be downloading the file. You'll also need the binary for Apache 2.4. Use whatever version is displayed on this screen. I'm using 2.4.6. And again, even if you're working with 64-bit Windows, choose the 32-bit version of Apache. I've already downloaded both of these files to my desktop, along with the right version of PHP that I'll show how to use in a later movie. Start by installing the Redistributable for C++.
When you double click to start the application, if you see these buttons labeled repair and uninstall, then you already have the Redistributable installed and you don't need to install it again. Just close the dialogue. But if you see an install button click it and follow the rest of the prompts to install C++. Along the way you might be prompted with user access control dialog and you might be asked to reboot your computer. Follow through all of those steps And then come back here.
And you're ready to install the Apache. The Apache binary is delivered as a zip archive file. It contains a folder named a Apache 2, 4, for Apache 2.4. Extract that folder and place it in your C drive root, in Windows explorer or file explorer, you can simply drag the folder on to your C drive and the photo will be extracted. Once the files have been extracted, go to the C drive root. You can keep that photo named the same as it was or you can rename it.
I'm going to rename it as simply Apache. If you rename it you'll need to make some changes in a configuration file. I'll open the Apache folder, and then go to the Conf folder for a configuration and I'll open the file httpd.conf. Depending on your computer's configuration, you might not see the file extension, but when you hover the cursor over the file, you should see the box appear, showing that it's a conf file. You can edit this file in any text editor.
I'll use Notepad. The configuration file contains a number of references to the installation folder. I'll press Ctrl+F for find, and type c:/apache24. Use a forward slash and not a backslash. Here's the first instance as part of the server route configuration. Now, again, there are many instances of this string. And you need to replace them all. So I'll get rid of the Find dialog. I'll click anywhere in the file to make sure nothing is selected.
I'll go to the Notepad Menu and choose Edit > Replace, and I'll search for c:/Apache24 and replace it with c:/Apache. And click Replace All. In Notepad, you don't see any indication of how many strings were found and replaced. But if you clicked Replace All, the operation is complete. You also need to make a change to a setting called Server Name. I'll press Ctrl+F and type in Server Name, and then I'll scroll down a little bit and find this setting.
It starts with a pound sign or hashmark. Which is a comment character. I'll remove that and then I'll change the value of ServerName to localhost. The default port is 80, and you don't have to add it in, but you can if you like. It looks like this. localhost:80. And now we're ready for our first test. I'll save my changes by pressing Ctrl+S, and close Notepad. And then I'll go to a command prompt. In Windows 8, you can get to a command prompt by moving the cursor to the lower left corner, right-clicking, and choosing Command Prompt or Command Prompt admin.
I'll choose just Command Prompt. In Windows 7, Windows Vista, and Windows XP, you can get to a command prompt by running an application called CMD. In the command prompt window, I'll change to the Apache folder And from there to the bin sub-folder. The bin folder contains a number of executables, including this critical one, httpd.exe. I'll run the server by typing httpd.exe.
When you press Enter, you might see a prompt for a firewall issue. If you see a firewall dialog box appear, click the appropriate button to accept this service. Now to test the server, go to a browser and type http://localhost and you should see this string of It works! . If you don't see that try refreshing the page by pressing Ctrl+R. Now I'll show you the file that's being displayed. In the Apache folder, there's a subfolder called htdocs.
This is your document root folder in a default Apache installation. And this file, index.html, is the file that's displayed by default when you navigate to local host in the browser. When you open it up in a text editor, you'll see that it's a very simple HTML page with an HTML tag, a body tag, an H1 tag, and the string it works. So if you've gotten this far, and you can see that page in the browser, your Apache HTTP server installation is working.
And you're ready to go to the next step, adding PHP.
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