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Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP
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Choosing a software stack


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Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP

with David Gassner

Video: Choosing a software stack

In this course, I'm describing how to install a variety of AMP Stack software packages, but as a software developer, you only need one AMP Stack. So, one of the common questions, is how do I choose? Do I go with the individual components that are available for Windows and OS 10 or do I choose one of the prepackaged bundles; such as Wamp Server for Windows, MAMPP for OS 10 or XAMP or Bitnami, which are available for both operating systems. Here are some of the questions you can ask.
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  1. 17m 35s
    1. Welcome UPDATED
      1m 9s
    2. Understanding Apache, MySQL, and PHP
      7m 12s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 7s
    4. What's new in this update UPDATED
      3m 35s
    5. Choosing a software stack
      4m 32s
  2. 30m 18s
    1. Installing Apache HTTP Server 2.4 on Windows
      6m 51s
    2. Installing PHP 5.5 on Windows
      4m 12s
    3. Starting Apache from the command line
      5m 24s
    4. Installing MySQL on Windows UPDATED
      7m 24s
    5. Installing phpMyAdmin on Windows
      6m 27s
  3. 44m 5s
    1. Activating Apache on Leopard and Snow Leopard
      3m 35s
    2. Activating Apache on Lion
      5m 9s
    3. Activating Apache on Mountain Lion and Mavericks
      4m 57s
    4. Configuring personal site folders on Mountain Lion and Mavericks UPDATED
      6m 59s
    5. Activating PHP on Mac OS X
      6m 12s
    6. Installing MySQL on Mac OS X
      3m 59s
    7. Setting the root user password
      2m 28s
    8. Installing phpMyAdmin on Mac OS X
      6m 16s
    9. Uninstalling MySQL on Mac OS X
      4m 30s
  4. 14m 35s
    1. Installing WampServer
      6m 25s
    2. Managing WampServer
      2m 2s
    3. Defining directory aliases through WampServer
      2m 55s
    4. Changing software versions with WampServer add-ons
      3m 13s
  5. 10m 58s
    1. Installing MAMP UPDATED
      4m 6s
    2. Configuring Apache and MySQL server ports UPDATED
      1m 57s
    3. Managing MAMP UPDATED
      4m 55s
  6. 29m 3s
    1. Installing XAMPP for Windows UPDATED
      10m 0s
    2. Managing XAMPP for Windows
      4m 4s
    3. Managing MySQL security through XAMPP for Windows
      2m 40s
    4. Installing XAMPP for Mac OS X UPDATED
      6m 14s
    5. Managing XAMPP for Mac OS X
      2m 27s
    6. Managing MySQL security through XAMPP
      3m 38s
  7. 13m 20s
    1. Installing BitNami for Windows
      6m 31s
    2. Installing BitNami for Mac OS X UPDATED
      6m 49s
  8. 18m 49s
    1. Handling port conflicts with Skype on Windows
      2m 37s
    2. Handling other port conflicts on Windows
      5m 19s
    3. Detecting and handling port conflicts on Mac OS X
      6m 26s
    4. Configuring Apache to work with IPv6 on Windows 8
      4m 27s
  9. 31s
    1. Goodbye
      31s

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Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP
2h 59m Intermediate Jan 21, 2011 Updated Mar 28, 2014

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP with David Gassner describes how to install and configure Apache HTTP server, MySQL database server, and PHP, known as the AMP stack, on a local development computer. Chapters are devoted to multiple installation approaches: installing the components separately on both Windows and Mac (including coverage of Apache and PHP on Mac OS X 10.7 Lion and 10.8 Mountain Lion), installing the pre-packaged Apache and MySQL distributions in WampServer on Windows and MAMP on Mac, and installing the cross-platform XAMPP and Bitnami on both Mac and Windows. Exercise files are included with the course.

This course was updated on 07/06/2012.

Topics include:
  • Performing Apache, PHP, and MySQL as separate installs
  • Activating Apache and PHP on Leopard, Snow Leopard, and Lion
  • Setting the MySQL root user password
  • Installing WampServer
  • Changing software versions with WampServer add-ons
  • Installing MAMP
  • Configuring MAMP's Apache and MySQL server ports
  • Installing XAMPP for Windows and Mac
  • Managing MySQL security through XAMPP
  • Installing Bitnami for Windows and Mac
  • Detecting and handling port conflicts
  • Working with Apache and IPV6 in Windows 8
Subjects:
Developer Web Servers Databases
Software:
MySQL PHP HTTP Server Apache HTTP Server
Author:
David Gassner

Choosing a software stack

In this course, I'm describing how to install a variety of AMP Stack software packages, but as a software developer, you only need one AMP Stack. So, one of the common questions, is how do I choose? Do I go with the individual components that are available for Windows and OS 10 or do I choose one of the prepackaged bundles; such as Wamp Server for Windows, MAMPP for OS 10 or XAMP or Bitnami, which are available for both operating systems. Here are some of the questions you can ask.

First, if you want complete control over your installation, you might choose to go with the individual components. On Windows, you'll need to get each individual component from the appropriate vendor. You'll the Apache HTTP server from Apache, MySQL from MySQL, and PHP from PHP. And you'll be responsible for all the installation and configuration. On Mac OS X, you can use the included Apache HTTP server and PHP.

They're included in your OS X installation but have to be activated, and I'll show you how to do that in this course. You'll still need to get MySQL from mysql.com. But if you choose this route, you'll be responsible for all the configuration and integration between these products. It's a great way to make sure that you're using the default configuration, and not choosing something that's already been integrated by a third party. For others, the priority will be a fast installation, getting up and running with an AMP stack as quickly as possible.

In my experience, these are the fastest installers on each operating system. On Windows, I recommend WampServer. It includes PHP MyAdmin, the web application you use to manage your MySQL databases, and the AMP stack itself, and little else. For OSX, I recommend MAMP. Again, it includes phpMyAdmin and very little else, but both of these packages install quickly and easily and will help you get up and running as fast as possible. For other developers, the priority might be including more software in the installation.

And in that case, I recommend Bitnami, for both Windows and Mac. The Bitnami server includes both phpMyAdmin, as do all of these AMP stacks, but also includes optional MVC frameworks, such as the Zen framework, CakePHP and many others. For some developers, wrestling with a patchy MySQL ports is a priority. Products like WampServer and Xampp install with the standard ports automatically. Port 80 for Apache, and port 3306 for MySQL.

But other AMP stacks install with other ports. This is mostly an issue on OS X. For example, MAMP starts with non-standard ports, but it's easy to reconfigure. And I'll show you how to do that during the course. The Bitnami OS X stack, on the other hand, sets the port at 8080 for Apache unless you install it as a root user. So again, if this is your priority, using standard ports, look at WampServer, XAMPP on Windows or Mac, and Bitnami on Windows.

Before you install any of these AMP stacks, remember this critical thing on any particular computer that's running server software each port can be used by only one application at a time, so you can only have one copy of the Apache HTTP server listening on port 80. You could have one copy listening on port 80 and another one on 8080, that's fine. But if you try to run two copies of Apache at the same time, listening on the same port, the second one will fail to start.

And it's sometimes hard to diagnose this. I include some troubleshooting tips around this problem, for both Windows and Mac, toward the end of the course. To be on the safe side, before you install an AMP stack, uninstall or completely deactivate all the other AMP stacks on your computer, and make sure nothing is listening on port 80 or port 3306. And again, I have some tips later in the course that describe how to do that. If you're working with Apache MySQL and PHP, there are many ways to get started with a local installation.

So, you can either watch this entire course, and make a choice at the end. Or if you already know which AMP stack you want to use, you can jump to that chapter, and watch just those movies. Either way, I hope this course helps you get started installing your own local AMP stack.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP.


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Q: I followed the procedure in the "Installing XAMP for Windows" video, but 1) I got no text file popup after install, and 2) the Admin button does not bring up phpMyAdmin page. Nothing happens even though the Running button is green.

A: The text window not popping up after the installation is just a difference in the installation flow; it shouldn't cause any functional problems.

The issue around phpMyAdmin not opening correctly from the Xampp Control Panel has come up before. There is a bug in the newest version of Xampp for Windows (version 1.7.4) that affects the Control Panel. After starting the Control Panel, and then starting both Apache and MySQL, clicking the MySQL Admin button doesn't open the browser to the phpMyAdmin as expected. However, both MySQL and phpMyAdmin are working correctly.

Follow these steps instead:
  1. Click the Admin button next to Apache to open the Xampp home page in the browser.
  2. Click phpMyAdmin under the Tools section of the menu on the left side of the page.
phpMyAdmin should open correctly. From that point, you should be able to manage your database.
Q: I'm using TextWrangler on the Mac to uncomment the following line in the httpd.conf file, as shown in the video "Activating PHP with the included Apache server" in Chapter 2:

LoadModule php5_module libexec/apache2/libphp5.so

When I try to save the changes, I get the message "Error code: -5000". What's going wrong?
A: This is a common issue with the latest version of TextWrangler. Here's another way of editing the file with a command line editor named Pico that's included in Mac OS X. Remember, most text editors don't give you the ability to edit files as the "root user", and you need those rights to edit the httpd.conf file.

Unlike TextWrangler, Pico doesn't accept mouse input, so you have to do everything with the keyboard:
  1. Open Terminal from /Applications/Utilities/Terminal.
  2. Type sudo pico /private/etc/apache2/httpd.conf.
  3. Type your password and press Return.
  4. Press Ctrl+W for 'Where is'.
  5. Type 'php' and press Return. You should find the commented-out line with php5_module
  6. Delete the '#' at the beginning of the line.
  7. Press Ctrl+X for 'Exit'.
  8. Press Y for 'Yes'.
  9. Press Return to save and exit
We recommend also using Pico to edit the php.ini file.
Q: After downloading XAMPP I was unable to start Apache from the control panel. MySQL started fine. When I click the Start button next to Apache it looks like it starts and then stops. Here is the output:

Busy
Apache Started (Port 80)

The MySQL button says "running" with a stop button; the Apache button still? says start no matter how many time I click it.
A: This usually means that another program is using Port 80 (the port that Apache needs). Port 80 is used for any web server, so you either have another web server running or you're running something else (usually Skype) that is using Port 80.

If you're running Skype (and this is really common), you need to configure it to use a different port. If it's not Skype, it may be that you're running another web server or IIS (Microsoft Internet Information Server, the web server that comes with Windows), which you'll need to quit.
Q: This course was updated on 07/06/2012. What changed?
A: A few of the WampServer movies were updated to reflect the new user interface. We also added movies on installing Bitnami, an open source stack solution, and troubleshooting Apache to work with IPV6 on Windows 8.
Q: This course was updated on 01/09/2012. What changed?
A: Two new movies were added to Chapter 2, "Installing Separate Components on Mac OS X," to reflect the changes in the latest version of Mac OS X, Mountain Lion (version 10.8). These movies cover activating Apache and configuring personal site folders in Mountain Lion.
Q: This course was updated on 8/23/2013. What changed?
A: We added new software download locations and coverage of Apache HTTP Server 2.4 on Windows, as well as information on managing Apache from the command prompt, editing hidden config files with the nano editor, and installing the new version of Bitnami on Windows and Mac OS X.
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