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Creating the BulletManager class

From: Building Flash Games with Starling

Video: Creating the BulletManager class

So we now have a bullet game object. But there's going to be a lot of bullets that are going to be flying around, so in order to keep track of them and to handle the updating and destroying we're going to create a BulletManager class, and this is the first of a series of manager classes that we're going to be creating to manage different objects. So I'm going to right-click on my main source folder and create a new ActionScript Class, and I'm going to create a package for these manager classes and I'm going to call it managers, and then I'm going to create a new BulletManager class, and this doesn't have any Superclass or interfaces involved.

Creating the BulletManager class

So we now have a bullet game object. But there's going to be a lot of bullets that are going to be flying around, so in order to keep track of them and to handle the updating and destroying we're going to create a BulletManager class, and this is the first of a series of manager classes that we're going to be creating to manage different objects. So I'm going to right-click on my main source folder and create a new ActionScript Class, and I'm going to create a package for these manager classes and I'm going to call it managers, and then I'm going to create a new BulletManager class, and this doesn't have any Superclass or interfaces involved.

So I'll click Finish, and now I'm going to stub out this manager class. So the first thing I'm going to do when I create a BulletManager is to send in a reference to our main play state, so I need an argument here to catch it. I'm going to call it play, and this is going to be of type Play. So let's create an instance variable to store that, so this.play = play; and create it as an instance variable at the top. What I'm going to need to create is an array, and this array is essentially going to keep track of all of the active bullets that are currently in my game.

And what I'm going to do is to be able to loop through that array and update all of the positions of the active bullets. So I'm going to come onto here and create a new variable called bullets, and that's going to be equal to a new Array. Now ActionScript 3 does have a vector class, which is essentially a typed array, but the thing is, currently at least in the current public Flash player, it's actually faster sometimes to use arrays, particularly when you're going to mobile, so for our case right here we're just going to use a regular array.

Now I'm going to create that bullets array as an instance variable at the top. So now I'm going to need to create a series of methods that I'm going to want to call. So the first thing I'm going to want is a public function called update, and this is going to be called from our play state. So on every frame we're going to call this bulletmanager.update. So let's say public function update, and again this is going to do things like updating the position of all of our bullets, determining when we need to fire a bullet and also when we need to destroy a bullet.

So with that update method created, the next thing I'm going to do is to create a function called fire, and this is a function that's going to be called from our update method which is essentially going to fire a new bullet. So this can be private, so private function fire, it's not going to return anything. Now the next thing we're going to want to create is a method which allows us to destroy a bullet. So let's say in our collision detection which we'll get to later, it turns out that a bullet has hit an alien.

Well in that case we want to destroy the bullet, we want to remove it from the screen, we want to remove it from our bullets:Array and when we actually get to looking at object pools, we are going to want to return that to the object pool, so it's available for the next time. So we're going to create this as a public function destroyBullet, and to this we're actually going to be passing in a bullet object which we want to destroy. So I'm going to catch it with an argument called b, and this is going to be of type Bullet, we're going to fill in these methods later.

And the last function I'm going to want to create is a destroy function, which we're going to be able to call from our play state, so when it comes time to switch to the game over state, we're going to be able to call this destroy method and make sure we clean up after ourselves and remove all of these things from memory. So we're going to create a public function called destroy, and we're going to be creating other managers, so for instance, we're going to be creating an Alien Manager we're also going to be creating a CollisionManager, and they are all going to take this same basic approach, and that they're all going to have an update method which we can call from our play state.

We're going to be able to also clean up and destroy the manager and all of its accompanying objects when we want to change to the game over state.

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This video is part of

Image for Building Flash Games with Starling
Building Flash Games with Starling

46 video lessons · 9419 viewers

Lee Brimelow
Author

 
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  1. 2m 9s
    1. Welcome
      45s
    2. Using the exercise files
      36s
    3. What you should know
      48s
  2. 10m 21s
    1. Checking out the finished product
      1m 10s
    2. Downloading the Starling framework
      4m 13s
    3. Installing Flash Builder
      1m 44s
    4. Installing additional tools
      1m 30s
    5. Overview of the Starling framework
      1m 44s
  3. 13m 0s
    1. Creating the Flash Builder project
      2m 40s
    2. Setting up your Starling scene
      6m 7s
    3. Creating the main game class
      4m 13s
  4. 13m 52s
    1. Creating the IState interface
      2m 14s
    2. Creating the three game states
      3m 50s
    3. Building the state machine
      7m 48s
  5. 22m 14s
    1. Creating a static assets class
      2m 3s
    2. Adding images and creating textures
      3m 24s
    3. Creating sprite sheets with TexturePacker
      6m 26s
    4. Creating the main texture atlas
      3m 29s
    5. Creating and importing bitmap fonts
      6m 52s
  6. 14m 16s
    1. Creating the Background class
      5m 55s
    2. Adding the logo
      2m 58s
    3. Adding the play button
      3m 4s
    4. Implementing the destroy method
      2m 19s
  7. 56m 47s
    1. Adding the background
      1m 3s
    2. Creating the Hero class
      6m 14s
    3. Creating the Bullet class
      1m 44s
    4. Creating the BulletManager class
      4m 23s
    5. Using the StarlingPool class
      9m 24s
    6. Firing bullets with the mouse
      7m 24s
    7. Creating the Alien movie clip
      1m 58s
    8. Creating the AlienManager class
      8m 12s
    9. Overview of collision-detection options
      3m 10s
    10. Creating the CollisionManager class
      10m 51s
    11. Implementing the destroy method
      2m 24s
  8. 7m 59s
    1. Adding the background
      1m 10s
    2. Creating the "Game Over" text
      2m 43s
    3. Adding the Try Again button
      4m 6s
  9. 20m 5s
    1. Exploring particle-creation tools
      4m 52s
    2. Adding the smoke texture
      5m 3s
    3. Creating the Explosion class
      2m 6s
    4. Creating the ExplosionManager class
      8m 4s
  10. 11m 5s
    1. Creating sound effects with cfxr
      3m 5s
    2. Adding the sound effects
      3m 42s
    3. Creating the Score class
      4m 18s
  11. 6m 1s
    1. Starling optimization tips
      4m 8s
    2. Helpful Starling resources
      1m 53s

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