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Illustrator includes a lot of really fun Live Effects. And they are called Live Effects because you can edit them for ever, so let's look at some of them. I'm going to start with a simple one. I am going to click on this star, go to Effect > Distort & Transform and just the name is amusing, Pucker & Bloat. I can move the slider between Pucker and Bloat and I can make a flower and pretty much nothing flat. So remember I started out with a star and now I have what sort of looks like a little daisy. Click OK. Actually that shape hasn't changed.
If I go up to View and Outline, you'll see that it's really still that star. And what that means is that I can edit this over and over again. And here is a little tip, if I want to change the state of that Pucker or Bloat, I don't go back up to Effect, let's see what happens if I try that. Illustrator says, well, now this is going to sort of double up; are you sure you don't want to change this. Maybe you want to the Appearance panel instead, and I do. So I click Cancel. A little word of advice, when you go to edit an effect you don't go back to where you got it initially, you go over to your Appearance panel, which is a wonderful little thing that's often overlooked.
And there you can see Pucker & Bloat. So if I click on that entry, there is my Pucker & Bloat. Maybe I want to change it to Pucker instead. It's still the star underneath, but what if I want to edit it, what if I want to move one of those little lobes. I kind of can't do that with the effect itself, but if I want to turn this into literal vectors, I can go up to Object > Expand Appearance. The appearance of it is a Live Effect, it's sort of like a little costume it has on. So when I choose use Expand Appearance, now you can see, and I can prove when I go into Outline mode, it's now literally that shape.
So I've lost my flexibility that I have with the Live Effect, but now I have editability on a little finer basis, so I can pull out on little handles and modify this if I want to. I am going to go over to this little star here, and I'm going to apply what's called a Graphic Style. And the panel for that sucked right in behind the Appearance panel. So these are little combinations of attribute strokes and fills and gradients and glows and all sorts of fun stuff. Here we're using a pattern. But this isn't enough; we have to have more, right? So I go to the Graphic Styles panel menu and I can open up other Graphic Style libraries that are included with Illustrator.
And I am going to choose the Neon Effects because there is one I really like called Blue Neon. It looks just like Neon tubing, isn't that amazing. So how does this happen. If we look at the Appearance panel, look at all the stuff that's going on in there. So all of those little separate attributes, little bunches of little strokes; that's what constitutes that Neon Effect. So you can create your own Graphic Styles, just fiddle around with a shape till you like what you have, and you can save it as your own Graphic Style and use it over and over again.
There are some 3D effects in Illustrator. Now it's not a 3D program, but you can add dimensionality to a simple shape. So I'll start with this little cartoon balloon. Go to Effect > 3D > Extrude & Bevel, and of course my gigantic dialog covers up my shape and I can't tell what's going on until I click Preview. This little cube acts just sort of a trackball so that I can rotate the shape, and see it in different angles. I can change the depth of that extrusion. I can make it enormous.
This is a little bit fiddly trying to get your Extrude Depth. Here is what I like to do, rather than trying to use that pesky little slider, click in that Extrude Depth field and just use your arrow keys. I am just hitting the down arrow key on my keyboard. It's much easier to fine-tune that way. You can do interesting things like add little bevels on it, and I can even add different Lights. So I can click the New Light button. I can move that around and that adds a little more depth. When I click OK, there is my little shape. And again a little reminder, it's really still that original shape, little cartoon balloon. It just has that wonderful attribute added to it--that Live Effect.
For the big finish here I am going to select this shape and I'm going to apply the 3D > Revolve. You might think of Revolve as being sort of like using a lathe and what you've created is actually the cross-section. When I click Preview, you can see that it revolves into a vase. I have made a vase out of just a line, and as I rotate it, eventually I can pour the water out. Notice how slow this is. There is a lot of thinking going on to create this. I'm going to return to the Off-Axis Front, which is the default view here.
It's shiny, it sort of looks like a real-world vase, so this is very cool that Illustrator can give you dimensionality when you just start with a simple shape. And again all it is--is just that simple cross-section that you started with. Now you remember that I expanded this star down here. There's no reason to expand stuff unless you need to edit it. It doesn't save any time in the print process and you're going to lose some flexibility. So if you don't need to expand your appearance and turn it to literal vectors, don't. But I am going to expand my vase just so you can see how tough this would've been to draw if you'd had to build it from scratch.
I'm going to go Object > Expand Appearance, and then when I go into Outline mode, holy cow, aren't you glad you didn't draw that. So remember these Live Effects in the future, when you have a simple shape, but you want to make it a little bit more interesting, let Illustrator kind of do the work for you.
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