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Using fades to mask audio pops and clicks

From: Ableton Live 9 Essential Training

Video: Using fades to mask audio pops and clicks

Editing audio can often result in unwanted pops and clicks at the start and end points of audio clips. Let's take a look at how you can use fades in Ableton Live to mask or mute those problems. So, fades in Live are real time and they're done using automation envelopes. We can see them by going to the automation chooser here just below the track name and clicking on that. I notice that fades is available in that list. As we can see I've got regular looking fades here. And that's because these were auto-created because of our preference. So lets go up to the Live menu, that would be the Options menu on our PC.

Using fades to mask audio pops and clicks

Editing audio can often result in unwanted pops and clicks at the start and end points of audio clips. Let's take a look at how you can use fades in Ableton Live to mask or mute those problems. So, fades in Live are real time and they're done using automation envelopes. We can see them by going to the automation chooser here just below the track name and clicking on that. I notice that fades is available in that list. As we can see I've got regular looking fades here. And that's because these were auto-created because of our preference. So lets go up to the Live menu, that would be the Options menu on our PC.

And lets choose Preferences. And then choose your Record Word Launch tab. And under Warp fades area you'll see that there is an option for Create fades on clip edges, now on mine it's currently off. And that a good thing because if you want to delete fades it actually has to be off. In most cases, I'm going to work with the auto fades and I'm going to leave this on. But just so I can demonstrate how we can add Custom fades. I'm going to leave that off and let's go back out into our window here and I'm going to zoom in on the tail end of this last clip there on the OmniBase track.

And we can see that we've got a fade here and there are two handles on that. The top handle allows me to control the length. And the middle handle or bottom handle here allows me to choose the curve or the shape of that fade. Now, if I click the Top chooser there and hit my Delete key, I can actually delete that fade. Now, if I want to add a fade-out to that clip, all I need to do is make a selection across the end of that fade. And I notice that I'm being constrained by the grid, so I'm actually going to right-click on this and I'm going to turn the grid Off. So that I can make a selection that's not constrained by the grid and make my custom fade exactly the length that I want it to be. So, now that I have a selection, I'll go up to the Create menu and I'll choose Create Fade Out, which is the bottom option on that menu. And notice that it didn't make the fade the entire length of my selection, but it made it from the end of that clip to the end of my selection. So, it left off this part that was out side of the clip. But you actually have to drag across the clip edge so that it know that you want to do that fade.

So, I'm going to zoom back out a little bit. And you can make a fade in on a clip the same way that we did that fade out. But in this case what I want to do is I want to go ahead and I want to make a cross fade between these last two OmniBased clips. So I'll make a selection, and this time I'm going to right-click Inside My Selection, and I'm going to choose Create Crossfade. If you were looking, you'll notice that it's the same command which would be option, Cmd+F on a Mac or Alt+Ctrl+F on a PC.

I'll go ahead and choose that option, and it made the cross fade. But I want you to notice that it actually shifted over, and actually put it at the beginning of that last clip. Now I did that because there aren't any handles or extra audio after the end of the outgoing clip or before the incoming clip. So let me undo that, I'm just going to move my cursor over into the middle of this last clip and I'm going to separate that. So lets go Edit and Split is the actual command, that's Cmd+E on a mac or Ctrl+E on a PC. And so I've just split that clip into two pieces.

And now I can go ahead and make that cross fade because there's actually audio before the beginning of this clip and I can show you that by just dragging it out. And there's audio after the end of this clip because I can drag that out to the whole clip. So I'll make that selection. Now I'll use the key command which is option Cmd+F or Alt+Ctrl+F on a PC. And it made that cross fade and I put it exactly where my selection was. So, in some cases, reduced audio quality is a desired effect.

But with today's Audio Editing tools, pops and clicks at the end of clips that are the result of poor or hurried audio editing are inexcusable. So don't forget to add fades to your audio clips.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Ableton Live 9 Essential Training
Ableton Live 9 Essential Training

80 video lessons · 11461 viewers

Rick Schmunk
Author

 
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  1. 2m 36s
    1. Welcome
      1m 6s
    2. Using the exercise files
      43s
    3. What you need to know
      47s
  2. 7m 44s
    1. What is a digital audio workstation?
      4m 13s
    2. Choosing the right gear and setting up a system
      3m 31s
  3. 11m 8s
    1. Setting up audio preferences
      4m 0s
    2. Setting up MIDI preferences
      2m 44s
    3. Optimizing performance
      4m 24s
  4. 38m 55s
    1. Nonlinear sequencing with Session view
      3m 42s
    2. Understanding the Session view window
      5m 8s
    3. Exploring the Live browser
      5m 49s
    4. Loading and playing clips
      4m 35s
    5. Moving and copying clips
      2m 55s
    6. Working with clip properties
      8m 17s
    7. Working with scenes
      8m 29s
  5. 24m 15s
    1. Using the browser
      4m 56s
    2. Searching for and auditioning clips and devices
      4m 19s
    3. Working with Live sets and projects
      4m 16s
    4. Managing files in Live
      3m 12s
    5. Exporting clips and devices
      7m 32s
  6. 33m 0s
    1. What is a software instrument?
      6m 29s
    2. Preparing to record MIDI
      5m 0s
    3. Recording and overdubbing MIDI
      4m 47s
    4. Using a computer keyboard to enter MIDI
      5m 26s
    5. Utilizing the pencil to enter MIDI notes
      5m 45s
    6. Taking advantage of third-party and multi-output MIDI devices
      5m 33s
  7. 33m 22s
    1. Navigating and zooming in the MIDI Editor
      5m 29s
    2. Configuring the MIDI Editor grid
      5m 2s
    3. Selecting and quantizing MIDI
      5m 3s
    4. Quantizing with grooves
      7m 23s
    5. Editing pitch and note duration
      6m 1s
    6. Editing MIDI velocities
      4m 24s
  8. 10m 10s
    1. Preparing to record audio
      5m 43s
    2. Recording audio
      4m 27s
  9. 34m 22s
    1. Understanding Arrangement view
      4m 10s
    2. Zooming in and out and playing in Arrangement view
      4m 46s
    3. Recording in Arrangement view
      4m 4s
    4. Recording from Session view to Arrangement view
      5m 22s
    5. Adding and using locators
      3m 32s
    6. Copying, duplicating, and editing clips in Arrangement view
      5m 53s
    7. Reworking clips
      6m 35s
  10. 25m 35s
    1. Understanding the mixer
      7m 36s
    2. Using sends and returns
      6m 52s
    3. Building headphone cues
      4m 58s
    4. Grouping tracks
      6m 9s
  11. 41m 7s
    1. Working with effect devices
      5m 59s
    2. Understanding EQ and filters
      7m 30s
    3. Using compressors and dynamic processors
      6m 26s
    4. Building interesting effects with delay effect processing
      7m 20s
    5. Using reverb effectively
      8m 5s
    6. Setting up side chain effects easily
      5m 47s
  12. 11m 15s
    1. Creating rhythmic patterns with the Arpeggiator effect
      6m 3s
    2. Building background parts with the Chord and Scale effects
      5m 12s
  13. 11m 44s
    1. Mapping keys with Keymap mode
      4m 12s
    2. Mapping device controls to the MIDI keyboard
      3m 16s
    3. Using the instant mapping feature
      4m 16s
  14. 31m 51s
    1. Recording real-time automation
      6m 24s
    2. Drawing automation manually
      7m 48s
    3. Automating clips in Session view
      8m 36s
    4. Editing existing automation information
      4m 57s
    5. Using fades to mask audio pops and clicks
      4m 6s
  15. 20m 59s
    1. Understanding the basics of warping
      8m 43s
    2. Creating clips that loop smoothly
      6m 37s
    3. Using warp features to quantize audio
      5m 39s
  16. 10m 12s
    1. Exporting audio from Live
      6m 29s
    2. Freezing tracks
      3m 43s
  17. 42m 22s
    1. Exploring Impulse
      5m 5s
    2. Using Impulse as a multi-output instrument
      9m 15s
    3. Getting the most out of Impulse instrument parameters
      6m 23s
    4. Exploring Simpler
      7m 50s
    5. Smoothing sample start and end points in Simpler
      6m 32s
    6. Tweaking the parameters of Simpler
      7m 17s
  18. 36m 55s
    1. Unlocking the power of FX racks
      10m 48s
    2. Utilizing instrument racks
      10m 13s
    3. Creating drum racks
      9m 50s
    4. Working with rack macros
      6m 4s
  19. 10m 22s
    1. Introducing Max for Live
      4m 52s
    2. Exploring the Mono Sequencer in Max for Live
      5m 30s
  20. 5m 54s
    1. Working with video files
      5m 54s
  21. 24s
    1. Next steps
      24s

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