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Scratching

From: Ableton Live 9 for Live Performance

Video: Scratching

In the last video, we saw how we can use Drum Racks to add one-shot samples. Each sample in the Drum Rack is its own simpler. Let's see how we can imitate Scratching Sound using White Noise and a Sine Wave. Now, I know it's not turntables, and it's not actually scratching, it's more of a controller that's scratching. But you can get the feeling of Scratching using this technique. Let's check it out. First off, I'm going to rename our MIDI Track just to keep things organized, right-clicking, choosing Rename, let's call it Samples. Also, I'm going to give it a color, cool.

Scratching

In the last video, we saw how we can use Drum Racks to add one-shot samples. Each sample in the Drum Rack is its own simpler. Let's see how we can imitate Scratching Sound using White Noise and a Sine Wave. Now, I know it's not turntables, and it's not actually scratching, it's more of a controller that's scratching. But you can get the feeling of Scratching using this technique. Let's check it out. First off, I'm going to rename our MIDI Track just to keep things organized, right-clicking, choosing Rename, let's call it Samples. Also, I'm going to give it a color, cool.

Next, let's load our Samples into the drum rack. In my browser, I'm going to scroll down, go to Exercise Files > Samples, I'm going to load the White Noise. Nice, let's play that. (audio playing) You can hear it's only noise, a very long noise. But let's take the Release down like we did in the last video. And now if I play it-- Let's play from my keyboard. Nice. Another thing I want to do is I want to take down the Velocity all the way to 0.

If it is on 100, it's going to be the most sensitive to my hits, which means if I'm going to hit the key soft, it's going to play low volume. If I'm going to hit it hard, it's going to play in high volume. And I don't want any changes in volume, so I'm going to set the Velocity to 0. (audio playing) Great. To achieve the Scratching Sound, we're going to use the Filter. We can see the Filter right here. This is the Filter section in the simpler, and we've the Frequency Cutoff and the Resonance mapped to macro controls. So, we can control them from here.

Let's take the Resonance all the way up. (audio playing) And play with the Filter Cutoff. (audio playing) Very cool. Let's map the Filter Cutoff to our MIDI keyboard. I'm going to go to MIDI Mapping mode by hitting Command+M or Ctrl+M, clicking on the Filter Cutoff, moving one of the knobs on my MIDI keyboard. Let's also set the Minimum/Maximum values, so we won't reach values that we don't really need.

Let's set it to about 1.4 kHz and maybe 16. Let's check it out. Exit MIDI Map mode. (audio playing) Very cool. This is how we achieve Scratching Sound with White Noise. Let's check it with Sine wave and then we demonstrate both of them on one of the beats, we'll play in our DJ set.

So, this is a Sine Wave. (audio playing) Once again, very long sample. Let's take down the Release. (audio playing) Very cool. Let's take up the Pitch, because right now it's a quite low, so take it up by 12 semitones, which is an octave. Once again, I'm going to take down the Velocity because, I don't want any sensitivity. Let's take up the Gain because, it's too low. (audio playing) Now, to achieve the Scratching Sound, we need to change the Pitch.

(audio playing) Automatically, we can do it in two ways. First, we can use LFO, which is a Low Frequency Oscillator. Let's turn it on. And we can think of an LFO as a waveform to take the Pitch up and down. So, if we take the LFO meter right here, we take the amount. Let's take it up at about 60. And now, if we play it. (audio playing) It's going up and down, up and down. Every time I trigger the Sample, it's going to start from the same point, because the LFO right now is re-triggering itself.

If we turn off the Retrig, it's going to move freely all the time. So, if I trigger the sample. (audio playing) We can control the speed of the LFO through the frequency. (audio playing) And we can control the amount using this box right here. (audio playing) Very cool. Another way to achieve the Scratching Sound using the Sine Wave is turn off the LFO and using the Pitch Envelope.

In Simpler, we have 3 Envelopes, Volume, Filter, and Pitch. Let's go to Pitch, turn it on, and take the Attack about half a second, or 500 milliseconds. When you turn the Pitch Envelope on, you can see that Env modulation box enabled. So, let's take it up. (audio playing) And let's take it down. (audio playing) So you basically need to control this box. Let's map it to our MIDI Controller. I'm going to go to MIDI Map mode-- you already know how--and map it.

Exit MIDI Map mode. And now we can see the Range is still wide. Let's go back to MIDI Map mode and adjust the Minimum and Maximum value. Let's do -24--it's up to you--and +12, that might be my comfortable range, but you can change it to your likings. (audio playing) It's important to remember that White Noise is simply noise, it will work with any kind of material.

But if you're using Sine Wave, you might want to adjust the Pitch according to your song. So, let's check it how it sounds on songs. I'm going to turn it down a tiny bit. Just so we can hear the scratching sound. And once again, this is not a real scratching, it's only controller is scratching. (music playing) You can apply this technique to other sounds like Vocals, Trumpets, Guitars, or any other instruments that come in mind. Be creative. Let's sum things up.

So far, I've shown you how to create a DJ set in Ableton Live, how to input your own songs and how to warp them, how to make your own unique sounds using custom-built effects, and how to achieve some of the functionality that can be found in deejay softwares. All of the techniques you'll see throughout the rest of the course can certainly be applied to a DJ set. But starting in the next chapter, I'm going to show you how to perform live with your own original songs.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Ableton Live 9 for Live Performance
Ableton Live 9 for Live Performance

39 video lessons · 5738 viewers

Yeuda Ben-Atar
Author

 
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  1. 3m 29s
    1. Welcome
      1m 48s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      58s
    3. Using the Live Pack exercise files
      43s
  2. 7m 5s
    1. Choosing the right controller
      49s
    2. Using controllers designed specifically for Ableton Live
      2m 20s
    3. Using third-party controllers
      1m 49s
    4. Utilizing alternative and DIY controllers
      2m 7s
  3. 19m 35s
    1. Choosing songs for a DJ set
      5m 20s
    2. Importing songs into Ableton Live
      3m 41s
    3. Building your decks
      2m 32s
    4. Using EQ and gain to emulate a hardware DJ mixer
      2m 56s
    5. Quantizing with the Global Quantization Engine
      1m 54s
    6. Deciding whether or not to use headphones
      3m 12s
  4. 17m 35s
    1. Setting up MIDI controllers in the preferences
      4m 2s
    2. Understanding control surface scripts
      2m 19s
    3. Mapping the crossfader
      2m 30s
    4. Mapping EQ and gain
      3m 28s
    5. Understanding scenes, scrolling, and launch features
      5m 16s
  5. 34m 1s
    1. Creating cue points
      4m 34s
    2. Looping using Beat Repeat
      7m 17s
    3. Building a custom audio effect rack
      8m 58s
    4. Using the drum rack to play one-shot samples
      6m 15s
    5. Scratching
      6m 57s
  6. 21m 54s
    1. Organizing your tracks
      4m 48s
    2. Creating a new set
      3m 40s
    3. Adding instruments and samplers
      4m 40s
    4. Setting up multiple instruments on one track
      5m 32s
    5. Using the Scale MIDI effect to play in key
      3m 14s
  7. 17m 23s
    1. Creating a bus track for master effects
      3m 1s
    2. Using dummy clips
      3m 39s
    3. Using unlinked clip envelopes
      4m 24s
    4. Creating momentary effects
      3m 37s
    5. Using return tracks for time-based effects
      2m 42s
  8. 18m 50s
    1. Syncing via MIDI to perform with other musicians
      1m 53s
    2. Creating and routing a click track
      3m 1s
    3. Using Follow Actions
      3m 58s
    4. Using the Looper audio effect
      4m 27s
    5. Recording your live performance
      5m 31s
  9. 45s
    1. What's next?
      45s

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