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Create music in real time, on stage, or while producing in the studio, with Ableton Live. In this course, music professor Rick Schmunk shows you how to compose, record, remix, improvise, produce, and edit your musical ideas. Along the way, get familiar with the Live interface, work with its views for recording and editing audio and MIDI, and explore its unique real-time recording and mixing capabilities. Plus, learn real-world production skills that can be applied to songwriting, studio production, and DJing. The final chapters offer an inside look at features added in Live 9, such as new Instrument Racks containing over 3,000 production-ready sounds, and Max for Live, a toolkit for building custom devices.
The MIDI Editor in Live is like a small application unto itself. So, let's take a look at the components that make up the Editor and learn how to configure and navigate the MIDI Editor. I can see a clip down here in MIDI Editor by just simply selecting one. And I'm going to choose the bass clip, because I know that's a MIDI clip. And so, I'm seeing the clip view here. Just remember that you can also see the devices that are playing this clip. And I can do that a couple of different ways. I can click on the Device View button here. I can move back to the clip by clicking on that button. I can also switch between them using the key command, Shift+Tab.
And just to remind you, I'm going to Open and Close the Details View by clicking on this button in the lower right-hand corner. Okay, so the MIDI Editor, and that's this area that I'm circling with my mouse, has several components. So, across the top we have a Ruler. Over here on the left-hand side, we've got the Note Ruler. And then in between, we have the Piano Roll. Across the bottom we have the Velocity Editor area. If you want to hear a note, we can do that a couple of different ways. If the Preview button is enabled, which it is right now, you can click on a note (audio playing) and you'll hear it played. Or you can also click on another note over in the Piano Roll (audio playing). Now you'll notice, as I move my mouse around, you're actually seeing a read out of what note that it's above over in the Note Ruler. So, across the top, we have this Beat Time Ruler which offers us a time reference to the clip.
So I can see that it's actually 8 bars long and if I want to Zoom In and Zoom Out on that I can click in the Ruler and Drag up or down. There's a couple of other ways to do that. So, let me show you that. So, if you move your cursor down here over the clip overview area, I can click and Drag there. I can also move my cursor over to the edge and click and Drag on either the front or the back edge. But the one I like is to actually click into the MIDI Editor and then press the Plus and Minus keys on the Num Pad area of your computer keyboard. Now, if the notes that you're looking at are too tall or too short I can actually move my cursor over into the Note Ruler Editor and then click and Drag right or left to make those taller, or shorter.
Now, sometimes you'll be working with devices where you're only using very, very few notes and you don't need to see the whole keyboard. And let me show you the percussion clip I've got over here. This uses Impulse to play these particular MIDI notes. And Impulse, as you remember, only has eight slots for eight different samples. So we don't need to see the entire 88 Key Keyboard. So we can actually hide most of those keys by enabling the Fold button which is currently enabled. So let me disable that and notice that we go back to the more conventional view with the Note Ruler and the Piano Roll.
But as soon as I re-enable the Fold button. I'm looking at just the eight slots and the notes that are related to what's being used in that drum instrument. So, let me go back to this bass clip. Now, sometimes you'll click in here and you won't actually see the notes because they're actually out of view. They're either too low or too high. So, if that happens to you, just note that you can click and Drag over here in the Note Ruler. Click and Drag and then go up or down or you can also scroll over here with your mouse in the MIDI Editor area.
Or if your cursor is actually clicked into that area, you can use the page up and page down buttons on your keyboard. So if you're zoomed in, and I'll just Zoom In a little bit so I can demonstrate this, so I'm going to use the Plus key, and the note that you want to look at is actually now out of view. You can pan right and left two different ways. First of all, you can move your cursor back up into the Ruler and click and Drag right and left. Or you can move your cursor down into the Editor area and if you hold down the keys Option+Cmd on a Mac, or Alt+Ctrl on a PC, you'll see that your cursor turns into the Hand, and you can Drag right or left that way as well. Let me zoom back out so I can see the entire clip. Now let's play this.
Right now the clip that we're looking at doesn't have focus. That means that the Play button or the Launch button on the clip is not green. So let me start that by clicking on that, and then I'll stop it using my spacebar. (audio playing) Once I've actually played the clip and it's still in focus, I can actually start and stop the clip using the spacebar. (audio playing) Now, when I stop it, if I want to start playback from where my cursor is located I can do that by holding down Shift and pressing spacebar (audio playing).
You can also start playback from a different point than the beginning of the clip by moving your cursor into the Ruler, and holding your Shift key down, and you notice that it turns into a speaker icon. And now when I click, it'll start playing (audio playing) and if you noticed, it didn't start playing exactly where my cursor was. It moved to the nearest bar start and that's because the global quantization is currently set at one bar. So, anywhere you click it's going to start playback from the current bar. So, if I move a little bit closer than half to where bar two starts, hold down my Shift key and click, it should start at bar two. Which we see it did.
(audio playing). Now we didn't hear that MIDI note play because the start of that MIDI note must have been slightly before bar two. So, until you're familiar with the MIDI Editor, working in there can be a bit awkward. Spend some time practicing the things that we just talked about, and you'll be much more comfortable when you start to edit your MIDI performances.
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