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Create music in real time, on stage, or while producing in the studio, with Ableton Live. In this course, music professor Rick Schmunk shows you how to compose, record, remix, improvise, produce, and edit your musical ideas. Along the way, get familiar with the Live interface, work with its views for recording and editing audio and MIDI, and explore its unique real-time recording and mixing capabilities. Plus, learn real-world production skills that can be applied to songwriting, studio production, and DJing. The final chapters offer an inside look at features added in Live 9, such as new Instrument Racks containing over 3,000 production-ready sounds, and Max for Live, a toolkit for building custom devices.
Audio warping is a tool that allows us to change the tempo of a clip without changing the pitch. But it's also an extremely useful tool for editing clips. Let's take a look at how you can work with Transient and Warp markers in order to create loops that smoothly loop and groove. So, Live analyses all audio files and clips to determine where any transients and their tabs are located. If the Warp button on the sample box in an audio clip is enabled. We can see where Live thinks those transients are located by these little white lines that appear above each attack or transient in the clip. Now, I've got a clip here that's part of a longer section of audio. And I want to work with this, so that this clip accurately loops. And then we can deal with any groove problems that might be contained within this.
So, I'm going to zoom in near the front of that by clicking and dragging in the ruler. And the first thing I can see is that the actual attack for this first hit in this section of audio is coming before bar five. So, I want to move this over, and to do that, I'm going to need to take this Transient marker and turn that into a Warp marker. So, when I move my cursor over the top of that, you'll see a little rectangle appears above that. And then when I double-click on that, you'll see that, that turns yellow. An that yellow marker is actually a Warp marker.
So I'm going to grab that an drag it, an I am in grid mode so it should snap right to bar five as I get close. And you'll see it popped right there. It also time stretched the audio that came before that, an moved the audio after that later. But we're going to work with fixing the end of this, so that we get this right inside the four bars that we want. So I'll zoom back out and now I'm going to zoom on the other end of the clip, on the end. And what I want to do is I want to snap this Transient marker on to bar 9 so that I end up with 4-bar loop.
But as I'm looking at this, the first thing I'm noticing is that this Transient marker is not at the beginning of the hit. So, just for example, if I zoom back out, let me play the last bar of this clip and listen to what it does when it repeats back to the front end. (music playing) So hopefully you heard a little bit of a flam right there as it looped back around. And I want to avoid that. So I'm going to zoom in and I want to move that transit marker without moving the underline audio. So what I'm going to do is hover my mouse until I see the pseudo warp marker. And then hold down my Shift key.
And now I can click and drag that freely. And I'm going to put that right over here, right before that next transit begins. So that that is right at the zero crossing. And hopefully will give me the ability to avoid any click or pop there that might occur there at the end as I adjust this over to bar nine. So now all I need to do again is double click that Transient marker, turn that into a work marker and I'll click and drag and snap that over at bar 9. Now I should be able to play this and I'm going to turn up on the level of that clip a little so we hear a little bit better.
And let me boost the tempo just a little bit so it's a little faster. I'll click on the ruler here at bar eight, so that will loop the last bar, and I can hear the beginning. (music playing) Okay, great, that was good. So, we hear that, that really cleanly made the transition back around to the front end of the loop. So, some other things that you're going to want to do, as you're working on this Is just make sure that there are Transient markers at each place that there's a transient. And that there aren't any extras. So, I'm going to zoom in here, kind of towards the end of bar four. As I'm looking at five three, I'm noticing that there is, what looks like an extra transient there.
Now normally I would just go ahead and play this and test it out but I'm looking at the tail of this piece of audio here and I don't see another peak there. So for whatever reason it looks like Live has miscalculated there and I've got an extra transient. So I'm going to click that transient to select it and when that triangle turns black. I can go ahead and hit my Delete key, and now when I move my cursor over, you can see that there is no longer a Transient marker there. So Live will not mistakenly warp that because it believes that there is some element there that isn't there. But as I move over It looks like I can see that there is a transient, albeit small.
And there's no Transient marker there, so I want to add one. So I'm going to briefly turn off my, grid by right-clicking an choosing Off. And now I can move my cursor, right to where that transient is. Let me do that. I'm going to zoom in a little bit more carefully. And get that right where that starts. Now I can add a Transient marker by using the command, Cmd+Shift+I, which would be Ctrl+Shift+I on a PC. And now I've got the transient marker that I need there. Now that I've got all the markers set and I've got the loop end and loop beginning set correctly. I'll take a look at this.
I'm going to go back into an eight note grid. Because that's mostly what's contained here. And I can see that it looks like there are several transients that aren't lining up with the grid. One of the things I can do as I look at this and I see that this snare hit on bar six b two which is really off. Is I can snap that onto the grid. So if I zoom in. See my Transient marker, hover over there, double-click it, and then move that over. Oh! It looks like it moved everything else, so it's telescoping things back and forth as I move these individual markers. So before I do that, what I need to do is pin the Transient markers either side of that by turning them into Warp markers, which will basically pin them in place. Then I can move the one between them freely without moving anything else. I can simply double-click turn all three of these into Warp markers. Or I could use the command, Cmd hover and you can see that I now have pseudo Warp markers over the one that I am hovering over and the two adjacent ones. And once you see that you can go ahead and double-click. And I've added Warp markers to all three Transient markers. Now I can grab the one in the middle and snap that onto grid. And the other ones didn't move.
So now that I've fixed this one snare head. We can go transient by transient and make an evaluation and fix anything else that needs fixing. So while there's no substitute for a good performance. Warping is a great way to fix rhythmic errors and create clips that smoothly loop.
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