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Creating clips that loop smoothly

From: Ableton Live 9 Essential Training

Video: Creating clips that loop smoothly

Audio warping is a tool that allows us to change the tempo of a clip without changing the pitch. But it's also an extremely useful tool for editing clips. Let's take a look at how you can work with Transient and Warp markers in order to create loops that smoothly loop and groove. So, Live analyses all audio files and clips to determine where any transients and their tabs are located. If the Warp button on the sample box in an audio clip is enabled. We can see where Live thinks those transients are located by these little white lines that appear above each attack or transient in the clip. Now, I've got a clip here that's part of a longer section of audio. And I want to work with this, so that this clip accurately loops. And then we can deal with any groove problems that might be contained within this.

Creating clips that loop smoothly

Audio warping is a tool that allows us to change the tempo of a clip without changing the pitch. But it's also an extremely useful tool for editing clips. Let's take a look at how you can work with Transient and Warp markers in order to create loops that smoothly loop and groove. So, Live analyses all audio files and clips to determine where any transients and their tabs are located. If the Warp button on the sample box in an audio clip is enabled. We can see where Live thinks those transients are located by these little white lines that appear above each attack or transient in the clip. Now, I've got a clip here that's part of a longer section of audio. And I want to work with this, so that this clip accurately loops. And then we can deal with any groove problems that might be contained within this.

So, I'm going to zoom in near the front of that by clicking and dragging in the ruler. And the first thing I can see is that the actual attack for this first hit in this section of audio is coming before bar five. So, I want to move this over, and to do that, I'm going to need to take this Transient marker and turn that into a Warp marker. So, when I move my cursor over the top of that, you'll see a little rectangle appears above that. And then when I double-click on that, you'll see that, that turns yellow. An that yellow marker is actually a Warp marker.

So I'm going to grab that an drag it, an I am in grid mode so it should snap right to bar five as I get close. And you'll see it popped right there. It also time stretched the audio that came before that, an moved the audio after that later. But we're going to work with fixing the end of this, so that we get this right inside the four bars that we want. So I'll zoom back out and now I'm going to zoom on the other end of the clip, on the end. And what I want to do is I want to snap this Transient marker on to bar 9 so that I end up with 4-bar loop.

But as I'm looking at this, the first thing I'm noticing is that this Transient marker is not at the beginning of the hit. So, just for example, if I zoom back out, let me play the last bar of this clip and listen to what it does when it repeats back to the front end. (music playing) So hopefully you heard a little bit of a flam right there as it looped back around. And I want to avoid that. So I'm going to zoom in and I want to move that transit marker without moving the underline audio. So what I'm going to do is hover my mouse until I see the pseudo warp marker. And then hold down my Shift key.

And now I can click and drag that freely. And I'm going to put that right over here, right before that next transit begins. So that that is right at the zero crossing. And hopefully will give me the ability to avoid any click or pop there that might occur there at the end as I adjust this over to bar nine. So now all I need to do again is double click that Transient marker, turn that into a work marker and I'll click and drag and snap that over at bar 9. Now I should be able to play this and I'm going to turn up on the level of that clip a little so we hear a little bit better.

And let me boost the tempo just a little bit so it's a little faster. I'll click on the ruler here at bar eight, so that will loop the last bar, and I can hear the beginning. (music playing) Okay, great, that was good. So, we hear that, that really cleanly made the transition back around to the front end of the loop. So, some other things that you're going to want to do, as you're working on this Is just make sure that there are Transient markers at each place that there's a transient. And that there aren't any extras. So, I'm going to zoom in here, kind of towards the end of bar four. As I'm looking at five three, I'm noticing that there is, what looks like an extra transient there.

Now normally I would just go ahead and play this and test it out but I'm looking at the tail of this piece of audio here and I don't see another peak there. So for whatever reason it looks like Live has miscalculated there and I've got an extra transient. So I'm going to click that transient to select it and when that triangle turns black. I can go ahead and hit my Delete key, and now when I move my cursor over, you can see that there is no longer a Transient marker there. So Live will not mistakenly warp that because it believes that there is some element there that isn't there. But as I move over It looks like I can see that there is a transient, albeit small.

And there's no Transient marker there, so I want to add one. So I'm going to briefly turn off my, grid by right-clicking an choosing Off. And now I can move my cursor, right to where that transient is. Let me do that. I'm going to zoom in a little bit more carefully. And get that right where that starts. Now I can add a Transient marker by using the command, Cmd+Shift+I, which would be Ctrl+Shift+I on a PC. And now I've got the transient marker that I need there. Now that I've got all the markers set and I've got the loop end and loop beginning set correctly. I'll take a look at this.

I'm going to go back into an eight note grid. Because that's mostly what's contained here. And I can see that it looks like there are several transients that aren't lining up with the grid. One of the things I can do as I look at this and I see that this snare hit on bar six b two which is really off. Is I can snap that onto the grid. So if I zoom in. See my Transient marker, hover over there, double-click it, and then move that over. Oh! It looks like it moved everything else, so it's telescoping things back and forth as I move these individual markers. So before I do that, what I need to do is pin the Transient markers either side of that by turning them into Warp markers, which will basically pin them in place. Then I can move the one between them freely without moving anything else. I can simply double-click turn all three of these into Warp markers. Or I could use the command, Cmd hover and you can see that I now have pseudo Warp markers over the one that I am hovering over and the two adjacent ones. And once you see that you can go ahead and double-click. And I've added Warp markers to all three Transient markers. Now I can grab the one in the middle and snap that onto grid. And the other ones didn't move.

So now that I've fixed this one snare head. We can go transient by transient and make an evaluation and fix anything else that needs fixing. So while there's no substitute for a good performance. Warping is a great way to fix rhythmic errors and create clips that smoothly loop.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Ableton Live 9 Essential Training
Ableton Live 9 Essential Training

80 video lessons · 11527 viewers

Rick Schmunk
Author

 
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  1. 2m 36s
    1. Welcome
      1m 6s
    2. Using the exercise files
      43s
    3. What you need to know
      47s
  2. 7m 44s
    1. What is a digital audio workstation?
      4m 13s
    2. Choosing the right gear and setting up a system
      3m 31s
  3. 11m 8s
    1. Setting up audio preferences
      4m 0s
    2. Setting up MIDI preferences
      2m 44s
    3. Optimizing performance
      4m 24s
  4. 38m 55s
    1. Nonlinear sequencing with Session view
      3m 42s
    2. Understanding the Session view window
      5m 8s
    3. Exploring the Live browser
      5m 49s
    4. Loading and playing clips
      4m 35s
    5. Moving and copying clips
      2m 55s
    6. Working with clip properties
      8m 17s
    7. Working with scenes
      8m 29s
  5. 24m 15s
    1. Using the browser
      4m 56s
    2. Searching for and auditioning clips and devices
      4m 19s
    3. Working with Live sets and projects
      4m 16s
    4. Managing files in Live
      3m 12s
    5. Exporting clips and devices
      7m 32s
  6. 33m 0s
    1. What is a software instrument?
      6m 29s
    2. Preparing to record MIDI
      5m 0s
    3. Recording and overdubbing MIDI
      4m 47s
    4. Using a computer keyboard to enter MIDI
      5m 26s
    5. Utilizing the pencil to enter MIDI notes
      5m 45s
    6. Taking advantage of third-party and multi-output MIDI devices
      5m 33s
  7. 33m 22s
    1. Navigating and zooming in the MIDI Editor
      5m 29s
    2. Configuring the MIDI Editor grid
      5m 2s
    3. Selecting and quantizing MIDI
      5m 3s
    4. Quantizing with grooves
      7m 23s
    5. Editing pitch and note duration
      6m 1s
    6. Editing MIDI velocities
      4m 24s
  8. 10m 10s
    1. Preparing to record audio
      5m 43s
    2. Recording audio
      4m 27s
  9. 34m 22s
    1. Understanding Arrangement view
      4m 10s
    2. Zooming in and out and playing in Arrangement view
      4m 46s
    3. Recording in Arrangement view
      4m 4s
    4. Recording from Session view to Arrangement view
      5m 22s
    5. Adding and using locators
      3m 32s
    6. Copying, duplicating, and editing clips in Arrangement view
      5m 53s
    7. Reworking clips
      6m 35s
  10. 25m 35s
    1. Understanding the mixer
      7m 36s
    2. Using sends and returns
      6m 52s
    3. Building headphone cues
      4m 58s
    4. Grouping tracks
      6m 9s
  11. 41m 7s
    1. Working with effect devices
      5m 59s
    2. Understanding EQ and filters
      7m 30s
    3. Using compressors and dynamic processors
      6m 26s
    4. Building interesting effects with delay effect processing
      7m 20s
    5. Using reverb effectively
      8m 5s
    6. Setting up side chain effects easily
      5m 47s
  12. 11m 15s
    1. Creating rhythmic patterns with the Arpeggiator effect
      6m 3s
    2. Building background parts with the Chord and Scale effects
      5m 12s
  13. 11m 44s
    1. Mapping keys with Keymap mode
      4m 12s
    2. Mapping device controls to the MIDI keyboard
      3m 16s
    3. Using the instant mapping feature
      4m 16s
  14. 31m 51s
    1. Recording real-time automation
      6m 24s
    2. Drawing automation manually
      7m 48s
    3. Automating clips in Session view
      8m 36s
    4. Editing existing automation information
      4m 57s
    5. Using fades to mask audio pops and clicks
      4m 6s
  15. 20m 59s
    1. Understanding the basics of warping
      8m 43s
    2. Creating clips that loop smoothly
      6m 37s
    3. Using warp features to quantize audio
      5m 39s
  16. 10m 12s
    1. Exporting audio from Live
      6m 29s
    2. Freezing tracks
      3m 43s
  17. 42m 22s
    1. Exploring Impulse
      5m 5s
    2. Using Impulse as a multi-output instrument
      9m 15s
    3. Getting the most out of Impulse instrument parameters
      6m 23s
    4. Exploring Simpler
      7m 50s
    5. Smoothing sample start and end points in Simpler
      6m 32s
    6. Tweaking the parameters of Simpler
      7m 17s
  18. 36m 55s
    1. Unlocking the power of FX racks
      10m 48s
    2. Utilizing instrument racks
      10m 13s
    3. Creating drum racks
      9m 50s
    4. Working with rack macros
      6m 4s
  19. 10m 22s
    1. Introducing Max for Live
      4m 52s
    2. Exploring the Mono Sequencer in Max for Live
      5m 30s
  20. 5m 54s
    1. Working with video files
      5m 54s
  21. 24s
    1. Next steps
      24s

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