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Up to this point, all the services and systems in AWS have been created by Amazon with the exception of some the open-source and proprietary server software on the back end. These combine to provide a mechanism for hosting and deploying custom applications. The top-tier of Your Applications actually has a double meaning beyond applications that you write and deploy. Offering a wide variety of commercially packaged software, the AWS marketplace gives a variety of package solutions ranging from free to thousands of dollars a year, but often pennies per hour. The software is delivered in two formats.
The first, our Amazon Machine Images for immediate deployment with billing to Amazon Web Services, and then Software as a Service where the seller performs the deployment and hosting of the software, and then bills you and collects payment directly. I'm not going to demonstrate any software from the AWS marketplace, but it's good to know that it's an available option. This survey of Amazon Web Services touched on the majority of their services and systems, but there wasn't always such a wide array of options. To give some perspective on where Amazon Web Services started and how they've evolved, I've put together a simple timeline of the selection of the major events and service launches.
Amazon Web Services launched in 2002 with the initial free version allowing third-party sites to search and display items from Amazon.com and to put items into shopping carts. Not a lot of functionality, but it served need. In October 2004, the services expanded with Alexa Web Information Service for web calling information and expanded on the Amazon.com integration, including product information, images and reviews. March of 2006 brought Amazon Simple Storage Service, also knows as S3, which leverages the same infrastructure used by Amazon.com today.
In August, Amazon launched Elastic Compute Cloud, or EC2, their virtual machine rental service. In December 2008, Amazon released SimpleDB, a distributed and redundant NoSQL database system. Expanding on that offering in October of 2009, Amazon released Relational Database Service as a replacement for MySQL databases. In January of 2011, the Amazon Simple Email Service was released facilitating bulk emailing. What was the cumulative impact of all this? In April 2012, a report by DeepField showed that, 1/3 of all Internet traffic accesses atleast one facet of Amazon.com's web services.
That is hugely significant. Over its history, Amazon has expanded the suite of services available, not only to promote its own brands, but to provide tools that developers and system administrators can leverage to build their own applications, independent of Amazon.com storefronts. As AWS expanded its services, the supporting infrastructure grew accordingly, which has impasse on how users can deploy services.
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