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Visual Studio 2010 Essential Training

Working with project and item templates


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Visual Studio 2010 Essential Training

with Walt Ritscher
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  1. 2m 3s
    1. Welcome
      1m 2s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 1s
  2. 7m 19s
    1. Understanding the Visual Studio versions
      3m 51s
    2. Setting up your developer computer
      3m 28s
  3. 58m 2s
    1. Creating a Visual Studio project
      4m 58s
    2. Working with Solution Explorer
      6m 32s
    3. Working with big projects
      3m 53s
    4. Taking a tour of the Integrated Developer Environment (IDE)
      8m 36s
    5. Introducing drag-and-drop UI design
      7m 38s
    6. Working with the Properties window
      6m 44s
    7. Looking at Server Explorer
      7m 4s
    8. Exploring the new Help engine
      6m 41s
    9. Setting options for the IDE
      5m 56s
  4. 39m 25s
    1. Creating a simple WPF application
      1m 32s
    2. Building the UI with the editors
      9m 14s
    3. Working with the application code
      3m 37s
    4. Communicating with the web site
      7m 15s
    5. Connecting your data
      8m 4s
    6. Binding to an RSS feed
      5m 4s
    7. Packaging and deploying the application
      4m 39s
  5. 39m 46s
    1. What languages are supported in Visual Studio 2010?
      1m 17s
    2. Exploring basic settings for the Code Editor
      5m 35s
    3. Writing a C# program
      6m 48s
    4. Writing a VB program
      6m 29s
    5. Working with C++
      6m 38s
    6. Working with F Sharp
      6m 9s
    7. Font and color options
      6m 50s
  6. 1h 5m
    1. Formatting your code
      6m 43s
    2. Navigating your code
      7m 44s
    3. Using the Task List
      2m 26s
    4. Commenting your code
      2m 45s
    5. Documenting your code
      8m 26s
    6. Using IntelliSense effectively
      7m 0s
    7. Working with code snippets
      6m 25s
    8. Refactoring your code
      5m 15s
    9. Understanding code generation
      2m 10s
    10. Generating code with T4
      6m 29s
    11. Using the Class View, Class Designer, and Class Diagram tools
      5m 51s
    12. Refactoring VB with CodeRush Xpress
      4m 33s
  7. 1h 11m
    1. Working with project and item templates
      8m 38s
    2. Creating a console application
      7m 5s
    3. Creating a class library
      6m 26s
    4. Creating a web site with ASP.NET
      7m 37s
    5. Creating a rich internet application with Silverlight
      6m 57s
    6. Creating a classic Windows application with Windows Forms
      10m 31s
    7. Creating a dramatic Windows application with Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF)
      4m 41s
    8. Creating a WCF service
      9m 1s
    9. Using an existing WCF service
      6m 38s
    10. Navigation UI designs with the Document Outline view
      3m 41s
  8. 33m 18s
    1. Creating a data project with SQL Project
      6m 24s
    2. Clarifying the confusion on .NET Data
      3m 31s
    3. Using ADO.NET in your application
      6m 50s
    4. Creating typed datasets
      7m 55s
    5. Using the data binding tools
      8m 38s
  9. 30m 13s
    1. Debugging code
      9m 32s
    2. Working with the Watch and other debug windows
      7m 46s
    3. Other debugging techniques
      6m 50s
    4. IntelliTrace historical debugging in Visual Studio Ultimate
      6m 5s
  10. 17m 56s
    1. Understanding Visual Studio editions and test tools
      2m 22s
    2. Verifying your code with unit tests
      8m 58s
    3. Running performance and load tests
      6m 36s
  11. 34m 5s
    1. Building your application
      4m 19s
    2. Customizing the build process with MSBuild
      6m 36s
    3. Setting assembly information
      2m 12s
    4. Deploying a basic Windows application
      2m 19s
    5. Creating an installer with Visual Studio
      7m 39s
    6. Creating a ClickOnce application
      5m 13s
    7. Setting up IIS for deploy
      2m 9s
    8. Deploying a Silverlight or ASP.NET application
      3m 38s
  12. 14m 0s
    1. Understanding source control
      2m 9s
    2. Setting up Team Foundation Server source control
      3m 5s
    3. Using Team Foundation Server source control
      8m 46s
  13. 17m 31s
    1. Understanding the .NET Office integration
      4m 16s
    2. Making a Word 2010 application
      7m 54s
    3. Making an Excel 2010 add-in
      5m 21s
  14. 31m 34s
    1. Understanding the extensibility model in Visual Studio
      2m 17s
    2. Adding external tools to the Tools menu
      4m 42s
    3. Creating macros
      7m 16s
    4. Using the Extension Manager
      5m 1s
    5. Creating an MEF add-in
      7m 9s
    6. Deploying and installing an add-in with VSIX
      5m 9s
  15. 25m 34s
    1. Working with configuration files
      5m 37s
    2. Using the Settings Editor
      7m 30s
    3. Using the Resources Editor
      6m 59s
    4. Localizing your resources
      5m 28s
  16. 1m 17s
    1. Goodbye
      1m 17s

Video: Working with project and item templates

When you create a project in Visual Studio, it creates a lot of files for you. The number of these files and the file types are determined by a project template. Simply stated, a project template instructs Visual Studios which files to generate and load into the IDE. I'd like to start this movie by looking at the existing templates. I am inside Visual Studio, and I am going to create a new project. I will go to File > New > Project. I am going to select the Console Application.

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Visual Studio 2010 Essential Training
8h 9m Intermediate Nov 16, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In Visual Studio 2010 Essential Training, author Walt Ritscher demonstrates how to use Visual Studio 2010 Professional to develop full-featured applications targeting a variety of platforms. Starting with an overview of the integrated developer environment, the course covers working with code editors, navigating and formatting code, and deploying applications. Also included are tutorials on running performance and load tests, and debugging code. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Creating a Visual Studio project
  • Building the user interface
  • Binding to an RSS feed
  • Coding with IntelliSense
  • Creating rich Internet applications with Silverlight
  • Building Windows applications with Windows Forms
  • Integrating with SQL Server
  • Working with Microsoft Office applications
  • Understanding extensibility in Visual Studio
  • Working with data, ADO.NET and datasets
  • Using source control
Subject:
Developer
Software:
ASP.NET Silverlight Visual Studio
Author:
Walt Ritscher

Working with project and item templates

When you create a project in Visual Studio, it creates a lot of files for you. The number of these files and the file types are determined by a project template. Simply stated, a project template instructs Visual Studios which files to generate and load into the IDE. I'd like to start this movie by looking at the existing templates. I am inside Visual Studio, and I am going to create a new project. I will go to File > New > Project. I am going to select the Console Application.

This is one of the templates that's available. There are Visual Basic templates and C# templates, C++ templates, and many more. I am going to go to C# and then Windows, and I am going to choose Console Application. Next, I have to pick the location on my hard drive where to put these files. Choose a location that makes sense for your application. For my application, I am going to browse out to my Chapter 06 folder and then Chapter 01.

I will call this one ConsoleApplication1. Accept the defaults. Now what I want you to see is that the template loaded a file called Program.cs, and there is also another code file that's hidden inside this Properties folder called AssemblyInfo.cs. So it created two files for me. Now if I create a different kind of application--let's say I add another new project and choose WPF-- this template loads more files.

It loads something called App.xaml and App.xaml.cs. It also created two files that start with the name MainWindow. And if I create a web application, like this ASP.NET web application--again, accepting the defaults here--I get dozens of files. I get a folder called Account, and one called Styles, and a number of aspx files.

These are all coming from different templates. So where are these templates stored? Let's go and take a look. I am going to switch over to Windows Explorer, and I am going to go into my Program Files folder. On my machine, I am using the one that's entitled x86. And then I am going to scroll down and find Microsoft Visual Studio 10 > a Common7 folder > IDE, and then I need to scroll down and find the Project Templates folder. And now I can finally see the different template areas.

I am looking for a C# template, and I am looking for the Windows template. One more folder. The 1033 folder is the English folder, and here is that ConsoleApplication template. It's stored in a ZIP file. So if I open this ZIP file, I'll see that there is a program.cs file and an assembly.cs file, plus some other files. So the instructions to Visual Studio are to create all these separate files.

Now let's see what happens if I double-click on this program.cs file. It loads it inside Visual Studio. On your machine, it may not load into Visual Studio. It might use a different tool to open the file. It should use some text editor, though. Now let's take a look between this file and the program.cs that was created when I ran the template. Here I ended up with a namespace called ConsoleApplication1. In the template, there is a token sitting in here. It's replaced when the template is unwrapped.

This means to go figure out what the name of the project is and put it here. Also, note there is 'if' statement up at the top that says, "If the targetframeworkversion is greater than or equal to 3.5, then add an additional using statement." So in my file, you can see that System.Ling was added, because I created a 4.0 version of the ConsoleApplication. Now the nice thing about templates is that you can create your own templates. I have some friends that have a consultancy, and they create the same projects over and over again for their clients.

If you were to find yourself in this situation, you might consider making your own custom project or item templates. I am going to start by creating a custom item template. I am going to go over to my ConsoleApplication. And I think before I do that I am going to close all these windows. So on Visual Studio, I can go to the Windows menu, and then choose Close All Documents. Then I am going to go to my ConsoleApplication, and I am going to say Add > Class. I am going to call this one BoilerPlateClass.

Next, I am going to put some of the known template tokens in here. I am going to create a comment that says, "created on", and then I will use one of the tokens, move down to the next line, and then here I will put in another token. This one is registeredorganization, and then lastly, I am going to replace this class name with the token itemname.

Let me save that file. To make a template out of this, I am going to go to File > Export Template. I am going to create two templates. The first one I am going to create is an Item template. So I'll select Item template, I will click on Next, and I will pick my BoilerPlateClass as the Item template, and then click Next. Here, I can add references. When the user uses my template, it's going to add these DLLs in the references folder. Let me pick those three.

Then I will click on Next. Here I give my template a name. I am going to call this one BoilerPlateClass, and then I'll click Finish. This file actually got copied to two different places. It got copied to the My Exported Templates folder. It also got copied to my Visual Studio folder inside the My Documents folder.

Now, let's close the solution, create a brand-new project-- I am going to use a ConsoleApplication-- and then I am going to right-click over here and say, Add > New Item, and there is my BoilerPlateClass. So I will choose that one, click Add, and as you can see, it replaced the date and it replaced the class name. Next, I want to create a project template.

So let me close this solution, and not save the changes, and then I am going to go and open an existing project that I already have. I am going to say Open > ProjectSolution. I am going to open this project in the InfoReader folder, called InfoReader.sln. Next, I am going to make a template out of it. You might recognize this. This is the one I did in Chapter 03, where I created the Info Reader application.

It's got a database and a picture and an xsdf file and a xaml file. So I am going to make a template out of this. I am going to go to File > Export Template, make it a project template, call it InfoReader or lynda.com or whatever you want to call your template. Click on Finish, and then in the future I can come in and say I want to do File > New > Project. Come over here and type "info".

There is my InfoReader project. I click on OK, and there is my InfoReader1, and you see how it automatically brought in all of my files. So as you can see, the Export feature makes it dead simple to create your own item an project templates.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Visual Studio 2010 Essential Training.


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Q: Which edition of Visual Studio 2010 do I need to follow along in this course?
A: The course is taught with Visual Studio 2010 Professional, but can also be used with the Premium or Ultimate editions. The Express editions of Visual Studio, including Visual Basic 2010 Express, Visual C# 2010 Express, and Visual C++ Express, are not covered in this course.
Q: I'm attempting to download the exercise files for this course, and my virus protection is blocking me from unzipping the downloaded file. Are the files corrupted?
A: The alert is a false-positive message. Your antivirus software is detecting the active code included in the exercise files, which in some ways resembles viral code. There is nothing to be alarmed about and you can ignore the warning. This is common among coding courses and environments.
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