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Saturation to neutralization

From: Foundations of Color

Video: Saturation to neutralization

The saturation of a color, also referred to as chroma or vibrancy, is the colorfulness or perceived intensity of a specific color. Saturation is just as important as the value in constructing an image. Like value, it's important to control the range of vibrant to neutral colors in the composition of a piece. Vibrancy can also provide a focal point, act as a messenger for meaning, and create a more primal reaction in human beings than value alone.

Saturation to neutralization

The saturation of a color, also referred to as chroma or vibrancy, is the colorfulness or perceived intensity of a specific color. Saturation is just as important as the value in constructing an image. Like value, it's important to control the range of vibrant to neutral colors in the composition of a piece. Vibrancy can also provide a focal point, act as a messenger for meaning, and create a more primal reaction in human beings than value alone.

The poster for the Clermont Lounge uses value, quantity of color, saturation, and texture contrast, to start the eye at the top and move it back and forth, like a pinball machine. Down to the base of the poster. The large circular shape of red with contrasting green, is a color combination repeated throughout the post. But is most intense at the top of the piece, and reduced as we move down to the bottom of the type and the image. The additional texture of the hat, dark value of the heads against the red circle at the top, also help to force the viewer to look there, even in a vibrantly colorful piece as this.

Let's look at this poster SSPOT, which uses one of the complements of orange, a mean green, to provide contrast and focus on the names of the bands. The value contrast with the dark hair pulls the viewer's eye up and then over to the date, as the yellow pops in the field of red, less so than the green but still with distinction. The eye follows the vertical shape of type to the next body of text, then finally to the right-hand corner. And hopefully, vertically again to the needs of the bands, it's designed to be read counter-clockwise.

An interesting choice that likely reflects something about the artist and their music. The colors are vibrant overall, but still demonstrates a hierarchy, with the names of the bands standing out most. And some competition with the logo, but being a large quantity of color seems to win the battle. Both of these posters use vibrancy at the revved up end of the scale. But what if we turned the vibrancy volume way down? Neutral is the lack of chroma in a color. If a color's lacking in vibrancy, it's considered neutral.

How do you react to the images then? I wonder if the sense of the music or the tone of the event has changed. Remember, the color is telling us something about the vitality of the music and the experience. Without it, the message changes. We associate vibrancy of color with energy and life. Take a look at this painting of two strawberries, like a young healthy couple in love, they look welcoming and delicious. But turn the volume down on them alone or the whole painting, and they seem not so young, not so delicious.

They look like life has drained away As human beings, we respond to vibrancy of color as a sign of life and are drawn to it. If you use saturation to pull the eye to a specific spot in image, or to have, impart meaning, or simply to kick up the energy level and vitality, you're trying to express an image, then you're using saturation successfully. So go ahead, take a bite out of life and express yourself with vibrancy.

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This video is part of

Image for Foundations of Color
Foundations of Color

42 video lessons · 15187 viewers

Mary Jane Begin
Author

 
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  1. 5m 20s
    1. Welcome
      1m 10s
    2. Traditional media to digital: The long and winding road of color
      3m 48s
    3. Exercise files
      22s
  2. 14m 40s
    1. Introduction: How color shapes meaning
      2m 23s
    2. Universal, cultural, and personal symbols of color
      2m 52s
    3. Concepts made clear
      4m 1s
    4. Brand identity and language
      2m 53s
    5. Sequence and pattern
      2m 31s
  3. 14m 18s
    1. What is the color wheel?
      2m 20s
    2. Primary colors, primary concerns
      3m 59s
    3. Playing with complementary colors
      3m 40s
    4. Tertiary colors: The basics of brown and gray
      4m 19s
  4. 17m 20s
    1. An overview of elements
      2m 48s
    2. Value is not a moral judgment
      2m 26s
    3. Saturation to neutralization
      3m 22s
    4. Temperature: How hot is hot?
      3m 12s
    5. Textures, marks, dashes, and dots
      2m 59s
    6. Seeing through color: Opaque, translucent, and transparent
      2m 33s
  5. 12m 25s
    1. What is contrast?
      3m 10s
    2. Creating focus: Living on the edge
      1m 15s
    3. Creating the readable image
      4m 6s
    4. Connecting contrast with content
      3m 54s
  6. 17m 29s
    1. Illuminating light
      1m 54s
    2. The effect of contrast in light
      1m 53s
    3. Value and saturation
      2m 27s
    4. On temperature
      2m 58s
    5. On complements
      2m 10s
    6. Secondary and reflected light
      3m 5s
    7. RGB vs. CMYK
      3m 2s
  7. 14m 24s
    1. An introduction to palettes
      2m 15s
    2. Limited palettes: A harmonious color palette
      2m 35s
    3. Harmony and discord
      2m 33s
    4. Unifying color grounds
      2m 40s
    5. Unifying glazes and layers
      2m 13s
    6. Charting a color family
      2m 8s
  8. 20m 25s
    1. Balance of shapes: How much is too much?
      3m 36s
    2. Weaving textural color
      2m 50s
    3. Color in context
      2m 31s
    4. Color blindness
      3m 15s
    5. Challenge: Deconstructing color
      1m 28s
    6. Solution: Demo of deconstructing color
      6m 45s
  9. 1m 3s
    1. Conclusion
      1m 3s

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